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blackjack weapon history No part of it may be reproduced in any manner without written permission from the publisher.
It is the Publisher's desire to present books that are satisfactory as to their physical qualities and artistic possibilities and appropriate for their particular use.
THOMAS BOOKS will be true to those laws of quality that assure a good name and good will.
Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Ayoob, Massad F.
Fundamentals of modern police impact weapons.
Police — Equipment and supplies.
Physically short- changed by nature, his early existence must have been a night- mare of hairbreadth escapes.
Weak; slow; with inferior eyes, ears, and sense of smell; a thin, tender skin; and without fangs, talons or horns — his only defense was to climb, hide in caves, or ring him- self with fire.
Lacking even the reproductive capacity of the other animals which served as prey, that he survived as a species is one of the great wonders of our world.
Not only did he survive, he de- veloped weapons allowing him to avoid close physical contact in an encounter and became the most fearsome predator of them all.
The original weapons he learned to use, both of which would be classified as "impact" types, were the rock and the stick.
The earli- est written account seems to favor the rock, the weapon with which Cain allegedly did a number on Abel, as the earliest weapon.
How- ever, since the report on this homicide gives very few details, I would like to hear both sides of the argument before conceding precedence.
There is a good chance that Cain took a bum rap.
Knowing brothers, I suspect that Abel drew a stick on him and that he threw the rock in self-defense.
If that was the case, the murder stigma could have easily become known as the "brand of Abel.
The stick was the crude progenitor of all the other weapons.
From it evolved the club, the sword, the spear, the arrow, and finally, the bullet, each adding to the ability to kill at greater dis- tance, thus minimizing danger to the user.
It also was responsible for the development of shielding armor as a defense against the capabilities of such weapons.
Although considered in itself a primi- tive weapon — brought to greatest perfection by peasants forbidden more lethal devices as exemplified by the Oriental adaptation of various types of grain flails and the British quarter stave — the stick, as well as various types of body armor has become increasing- ly useful in modern police arsenals.
click quently, for years I thought of a stick as something to pick up and hit someone with if nothing more satisfactory was available.
This judgment was permanently changed one night in a New Orleans waterfront bar where I first saw a stick used by an expert.
A Mili- tary Police sergeant called by the management to take care of a soldier customer who had become overly bellicose walked up to the subject, placed his left hand on the offender's shoulder in a comradely manner, quickly thrust his baton between the legs from behind, turned it so that he was holding it knuckles up crossways in front of the legs, lifted so that the drunk's feet were barely touch- ing the floor, and walked him "tippy-toed" to the waiting paddy wagon.
It was obvious to me and to the subject that if the ser- geant had turned his please click for source loose, the subject would have been dumped on his head.
The "knuckles up" hold on the baton also got his attention.
My interest aroused, I read the only books available at that time on the subject.
These were Get Tough by W.
Fairbairn, Kill or Get Killed by Rex Applegate, and Cold Steel by John Styers.
All gave excellent accounts of how to kill somebody with a stick, which is fine for the military situation in effect at the time but a mite drastic for use on the neighborhood gentry.
Fundamentals of Modern Impact Weapons gives exactly the same information, broadened and amplified, in a format more applica- ble for modern usage, by telling you how to use the various impact weapons without killing the subject of your attention.
This is a commendable change this web page for no other reason than the possibility that, having been shown the error of his ways without making the lesson permanent, the erstwhile thug might decide to settle down and become a valuable taxpayer.
I am not familiar with the other titles mentioned by the author on page 4 of this book.
With the exception of the ones listed above and various military manuals dealing with the use of the baton, I was not aware of the existence of other writings of value on this subject during my enforcement years.
This is regrettable, as was forcibly brought to the attention of a group of border pa- Foreword vii trolmen assigned to a southern university campus undergoing a state of considerable turmoil several years ago.
These men were all skilled marksmen.
Given batons and armbands temporarily pro- claiming them to be U.
Ayoob has done a superb job of describing offensive and de- fensive use of impact weapons.
In addition to saps, night sticks, batons, and other conventional weapons, he has given excellent coverage of the "makeshift" items which can be used in an emer- gency.
These include handcuffs, key rings, belts, flashlights, guns, beer mugs, and just about any other item which might likely be in reach, not nailed down, and of sufficient substance to give weight to your side of an argument.
Nor has he neglected the legal and ethical considerations attendant to the use of "sufficient" force.
Massad Ayoob is a prolific writer.
He is now serving on the staff of a number of "gun" publications and free-lancing for the others.
I am confident that this, his first book, will assuredly be followed by others.
Whether you are in law enforcement work — blackjack crossword which case Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons is a must — or you are not, but have decided that you are going to collect Ayoob for your library, I can hardly think of a better place to start collecting than with Number One.
Bill Jordan CONTENTS Page Foreword v Chapter I.
The Nature of the Weapons 6 Traditional 6 The "Nightstick" or Baton 6 Short Billies 11 Saps 12 Combination Impact Weapons 18 The Prosecutor Baton 21 Yawara Stick 34 Riot Batons 37 Sap Gloves and Palm Saps 41 The Nunchaku 44 Non-Traditional 59 The Sidearm as an Impact Weapon 59 The Flashlight as an Impact Weapon 66 Handcuffs as Impact Weapons 73 Makeshift Impact Weapons 77 III.
Two Classic Baton Approaches 87 The Lamb Baton Method 87 The "LAPD" Method 95 IV.
The Parameters of Lethal and "Less Lethal" Force.
Practical Applications and Considerations 108 Carrying the Impact Weapon 108 In the Police Vehicle 108 On the Person, in Uniform Ill Belt Carriers for Impact Weapons 117 When to Draw the Impact Weapon 120 Multiple, Unarmed Opponents 123 The Relative Importance check this out Footwork 130 ix x Modern Police Impact Weapons Chapter Page The "Sleeper Hold": Is It Too Dangerous for Police to Use?
Conclusion 156 FUNDAMENTALS OF Modern Police Impact Weapons Chapter I INTRODUCTION For the average American police officer, the weapon he has the least training with is the one he is likely to be using most frequently: the impact weapon.
The baton, nightstick, or sap is in a different class.
It needs both training and practice to be used effectively, for maximum protection of the officer with minimal injury to die non-deadly Figure 1.
Impact weapons and chemical incapacitants both have their places as less-lethal components of the police arsenal; sometimes the roles overlap, but there are many situations where one will be preferable to the other.
Yet, beyond rudimentary academy training, few police agencies "qualify" or even fully check out their line personnel with impact weapons.
The exception is the officer assigned to riot control units, who even there learns more in the way of crowd control than personal self-defense.
Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons was written to give the policeman a realistic understanding of the "less- lethal," non-chemical, subduing weapons available to him, and how they can and should be used.
I have considered legal and moral aspects as well as purely tactical aspects of self-defense.
Many textbooks and training manuals have been written on various specific stickfighting systems.
Among the best are the following: Kubota, T.
Williamstown, JM Phillips, 1975.
I recommend them to the officer who may or must use one method or the other.
No attempt was made to treat them all in depth here; no book, including this one, can make you an expert with any stick or club.
That comes with extensive personal train- ing and practice and cannot really be learned from a written manual.
The intent of Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Wea- pons was to go into areas that had never before been written about: practical carry and use techniques, the psychology of the impact weapon, the tactics to be employed during and prior to its use, methods of training, the strong and weak points of each po- lice stick-fighting system, and perhaps most important, the legal and moral factors, including civil liability, that are attendant to the clubbing of violent suspects into otherwise unattainable submission.
I have endeavored to give the reader an understanding if not a life-saving, working street knowledge of such esoteric weapons Introduction 5 as the nunchaku, the Prosecutor, the yawara, and unconventional striking tools.
Ideally, the well-prepared police officer will have more than one impact weapon and will use his primary stick Avith eclectic tech- niques that take the best from each system, adapted to his own abilities.
Such an integrated arsenal of defensive maneuvers has to give the officer more versatile capability and confidence than blind reliance on a single form of stickfighting.
In a national climate where unjust assaults on police are in- creasing both on the street and in the courtroom, the modern officer needs a solid and comprehensive understanding of the less- lethal force he commands with his nightstick, every bit as much as he needs to understand the parameters of lethal force that ominously shroud his service handgun.
Fundamentals of Modern Police Impact Weapons is an at- tempt to broaden the level of that understanding, to help the law officer in the street in making the split-second decisions of life or death magnitude that are sometimes the curse, but always the trademark, of his profession.
Chapter II THE NATURE OF THE WEAPONS TRADITIONAL The "Nightstick" or Baton Plastic Versus Wooden Batons Plastic batons are now slightly go here popular than the tradi- tional wooden nightsticks.
Both materials have their own clear advantages and disadvantages.
Weight depends on density, but a typical plastic baton will weigh in the vicinity of 22 ounces, a hickory baton closer to 12 ounces, if both are 24 inches in length.
The heavier plastic stick will hit harder.
This has been disputed by some baton in- structors, who feel that the lighter wooden stick will swing faster and therefore strike at least as potently.
However, the difference in velocity is minimal in the hands of a man of average strength, while the difference in weight is significant.
It is rather like com- paring a 158-grain.
There are, however, circumstances in which the lighter baton may be used more effectively than the heavier plastic.
If the offi- cer finds the plastic stick so heavy that it encumbers his ability to make a decisively rapid strike and recovery, his weapon will be very easily blocked, and he will be in danger.
If he can use the lighter baton with more effective speed, that should be his choice.
However, only physically small policemen, policewomen, and older officers generally find the plastic baton that slow to strike with.
The officer should use the heaviest stick that he can handle ef- fectively.
The average officer will not find that the weight of the plastic baton slows him down appreciably in his first strike.
He may find, however, that he can attain a tangible increase in recov- ery time for multiple strikes with the wooden baton.
It is exist? william hill live blackjack have a matter of physical build and condition; the officer should ex- 6 Nature of the Weapons 7 periment with both types, under educated supervision, to deter- mine which is best for him.
Ideally, the type of baton he carries should, within limits, be his own choice, since his effectiveness with the instrument does depend so much on his own physique and reflexes.
While departmental regulations may reasonably extend to length and general configuration, the choice of wood or plastic should be optional for the individual policeman.
Plastic has certain disadvantages.
One is that, when exposed to extreme cold for long periods, it may break when struck against a hard object.
However, most such instances have not occurred in actual fights but in squadrooms where an officer walked in from a long winter foot tour and playfully whacked his stick against a countertop.
The nature of the plastic composition also affects the vulnerability to cold: A cheap baton is much more likely to break under these conditions than the virgin Monpac® plastic, for example, used in Monadnock® nightsticks.
I have heard re- liable reports of Monadnock sticks breaking under these condi- tions, but I have also seen that company's batons immersed in freezers for extended periods, and then struck repeatedly against hard objects: During these tests, the Monadnock batons did not break or crack.
Plastic is definitely sensitive to extreme heat or sunlight.
A plastic stick left for eight hours on a dashboard on a bright day may easily warp pony blackjack fallout the sun's rays concentrated through the windshield.
The common practice of securing the baton under the front-seat headrest can jeopardize a plastic baton during hot weather, especially when the car is left parked for extended periods, creating great heat in the passenger compartment.
The pressure of the headrest, which is normally jammed down firmly on the stick, can make the nightstick resemble a rocker.
This usually requires an extended period of time, while direct sun- light, as on the dashboard, can warp the stick in a matter of hours.
Plastic batons are best kept in specially designed clamps, such as the Monadnock, on the car doors.
An alternative is to slip it between the driver's door and seat, but this allows a person in the back seat to grab the weapon.
When a plastic stick breaks, it will usually go completely, with 8 Modern Police Impact Weapons a sound like a pistol shot and a jarring shock up the arm.
A wooden hickory baton more often cracks vertically; like a base- ball bat, it may be turned in the hand, with the crack toward the palm, and used for at least one more strike before the weapon snaps entirely.
Still, there is no denying that the wooden baton is much more likely to fail than the plastic.
Many departments have gone to the plastic models after a number of broken wooden sticks, both in riots and one-to-one street confrontations.
It is significant that the Monadnock company advertised, shortly after the introduc- tion of their Prosecutor®, that officers should practice by striking it against trees.
A few have broken with such treatment, but only a few.
By contrast, no wooden baton should be so abused: The plastic survives this pounding because Monpac is some two and a half times as heavy and dense as hardwood.
However, when a small piece of wood baton is pounded against a large piece of wood treethe inevitable will soon occur.
It should be noted here that practice against trees and telephone poles is not recommended with plastic batons of conventional shape, either; the Prosecutor survives it, as do heavy plastic nunchaku, because of the bounce-back effect.
Carrying weight may be significant for foot patrol officers.
Cer- tainly an LAPD-style baton will carry more comfortably than a heavy plastic equivalent.
This is not, however, a consideration for patrol car personnel.
The ultimate question, really, is whether the extra impact of a plastic baton is really needed.
The answer seems to be yes; in many cases, the wooden baton simply will not hit hard enough to stop a drug-crazed or adrenalin filled attacker who is immune to pain.
The plastic baton is somewhat more likely to break bone, however.
Cast aluminum batons, sold by Safariland and others, are seen occasionally on the street.
I do not believe that even fairly light, hollow metal batons should be used.
Public reaction alone would be reason enough for police administrators to ban them.
The in- dividual officer should be aware that this same connotation of Nature of the Weapons 9 police brutality will carry over into a courtroom if the officer is ever, rightly or wrongly, charged with using excessive force.
Telescoping metal batons, usually made abroad, have been seen in this country occasionally.
While they seem to offer many ad- vantages on the surface — good reach coupled with great compact- ness on the belt — they appear to be too light and whippy for ef- fective blocking and grappling.
Aluminum flashlights, discussed elsewhere in this text, are even more dangerous, since the batteries give added weight and create a deadly crushing effect in a full-power blow.
A frequent question by officers who choose wooden batons is whether they should be finished in black or left in the natural wood color.
Natural finish will show less wear, while the black will quickly become scarred just by carrying and insertion in the belt ring.
This is a bad reflection on the officer's appearance, and can lead to questions from street people like, "Who's he been beating on with that?
Light brown wood contrasts so that it makes the stick stand out and seem bigger, as if the officer was carrying a baseball bat.
Should Impact Weapons Be Thonged?
Many conventional batons and billy clubs come equipped with a rawhide or plastic thong.
The purpose is to prevent the club from being torn from the officer's hand in a scuffle; at the same time, most officers are trained to loop the thong over their thumb instead of their wrist on the theory that they can let go of the baton before a suspect who has grabbed the stick can twist it and break the officer's wrist.
That logic seems paradoxical.
The loose thong tends to hang up on things.
It dangles in an unsightly manner from a belt baton ring, and more than one officer has been spun around by his own momentum when he passed too close to a doorknob and snagged his nightstick thong.
Short billies, usually carried in the sap pocket of the uniform slacks, tend to have their thongs dangling out, and many an offi- Property of H.
MANNING LIBRARY CLAFLIN COLLEGE OtoÂŁg?
There are techniques by which the officer can tie his baton to his hand in a manner that allows quick release if necessary, yet holds the stick in place even when he opens his hand.
It does al- low the officer to grapple with a suspect without having to drop his baton.
But suppose the suspect grabs the baton while the offi- cer's hand is open and reaching for a fistful of shirt?
The suspect can easily gain superior leverage, and the officer will have to flick his hand and turn loose of his weapon: he has thereby created a situation in which he has armed his opponent and may now be forced to shoot him.
I find that the addition of a heavy rubber band vastly increases the practicality of yawara stick for police work.
Looped around the back of the hand, it lets the officer open his fingers for grappling without fear of dropping the weapon.
Monadnock's "knobby persuader" model opinion rules of blackjack card game uk something shown.
Nature of the Weapons 1 1 A better solution is to train the officer so that, when he feels he has to see more onto a suspect, he should take the extra second to put his stick away.
A short billy can often be pocketed in a split sec- ond; a full-length baton can be thrust just as quickly into the baton ring if the officer wears the kind of ring produced by Monadnock, which friction-locks in an outward position on the belt and allows a quick, instinctive, one-handed return of the stick.
On a police impact weapon, a rawhide thong is generally more hassle than help.
An exception would be a homemade palm- thong for a yawara stick; this would give the officer full striking ability coupled with moderately good ability to grapple with his open hand without losing his weapon; the thong wouldn't be long or loose enough to allow snagging, and there isn't enough stick for an opponent to grab hold of.
I personally feel that a rubber grommet, or built-in retainer ring as with Monadnock's optional models, is lo be preferred over the thong.
Short Billies Many officers in this country are issued, or carry because of tradition, the impact weapon known as the "short billy," a foot- long piece of lathe-turned hardwood or plastic.
It is a tradition that may have overstayed its usefulness in terms of practicality.
The billy club is just that: a club best suited for overhand swings upon people's heads.
This is a technique that has long been obsolete as far as thinking policemen are concerned.
The billy can be used as a yawara stick, though it's awkward in that application; it can also be used to jab, but because of its de- sign, such a strike is likely to injure the officer's wrist and leave him in an extremely tenuous position if the blow has failed to take effect.
Its range is also extremely short.
The Lamb method was designed at a time when Arthur Lamb was training men equipped with 12 inch billies.
Happily, it trans- lates into extreme effectiveness with a proper 24 inch stick.
The Lamb system board blackjack ryan the best for the officer limited to the billy club by department regulations, but anything that can be done with the billy can be done as, or more, effectively with saps and 12 Modern Police Impact Weapons blackjacks, weapons that are themselves considered both brutal and obsolete by most enlightened police weapons instructors.
The sap and jack, at least, have the advantage of being so com- fortable and easy to carry that they'll always be within the offi- cer's reach, on his person.
This isn't necessarily true of the short billy club, which is round, stiff, and uncomfortable to wear, and therefore obsolete in every respect.
Moreover, the billy doesn't have the smashing impact of the weighted saps and jacks and is therefore less effective even in the close-range situations where short impact weapons can be used best.
Like many police traditions, the billy club has nothing to rec- ommend it but the impetus of years of service.
It is in the same category as the belt-pouch carrier for spare ammunition: the least effective method of performing the task it is carried for, yet re- tained by many departments because it looks trim and nice, even though it can't perform as well as any of the more modern designs.
The short billy's only recommendation is that when it is abused by a poorly trained officer, that is, when it is used to strike some- one over the head, it is somewhat less likely than the sap or jack to cause severe damage.
The billy club, of all police impact weapons, is the one that is most deserving of total retirement into the history of law enforcement, along with belt lamps and the open-topped police touring car.
Like those other relics, the truncheon, or police billy club, is a product made obsolete by modern technology and by the param- eters and practicality of contemporary law enforcement.
This holds equally true for the heavy, flexible "rubber" truncheons of the "New York Police" style, which were never carried seriously by any NYCPD patrolman after his first heavy fight.
The fact is that the rubber truncheons were less damaging when used im- properly, in that an officer hitting a suspect over the head was more likely to cold-cock him and less likely to brain him, but the concept of a weapon that can be used only this way is repugnant to the modern law enforcement officer.
Saps Many officers favor the flat sap over the springier, rounder blackjack.
Comfort in carrying is usually the reason, but some Nature of the Weapons 13 SAPS Figure 3.
Flat saps, or slappers, come in varying lengths and weights.
As with most impact weapons of conventional design, increased effectiveness usually means decreased carrying comfort.
Courtesy of Smith 8c Wesson.
However, the lack of springiness, coupled with the rigidity of an often solid lead striking piece and the chunky weight, can make broken bones, especially cracked skulls, more likely to re- sult.
The sap is especially effective for body blows during infight- ing strike with the flat side.
My feeling is that the blackjack, by virtue of its springy bounceback, is less likely to break bone counting methods blackjack is somewhat more versatile in a grappling situation when the officer's hand and arm movements may be impaired.
The sap, on the other hand, is somewhat more effective in jabbing techniques because of its rigidity and will likewise hit harder when swung edge-outward.
The officer who does choose the flat sap would be well advised to buy one with powdered lead, rather than a solid lead piece with leather sewn around it.
Flexibility is much greater in the powdered lead models, thus reducing somewhat the danger of breaking bone without sacrificing impact shock; the heavy leather keeps the weapon quite rigid enough for jabbing techniques.
With either sap or jack the Lamb method is probably the best approach.
One change is made: Due to the shortness of the weapon and consequent lack source range, the sliding step backward with the weak leg is replaced by a sliding step jorward with the strong leg to close within striking distance of the opponent with- out sacrificing balance.
In addition to its convenience and concealability, the sap or jack has one other advantage: It is handy for close-quarters use, as when struggling with a violent suspect in the confines of a patrol car.
Blackjack Six to 9 inches in length, and weighing 8 to 16 ounces, the blackjack consists of a flexible main body covered with braided leather, a small lead- or shot-filled cylindrical butt, and a larger striking head that is also "loaded.
How- ever, the weight of the striking head alone makes bone fractures likely when head or other areas with little or no muscle padding are struck.
The instrument is too short and flex- ible for any grappling, and its short length necessitates that the officer move within punching and kicking range of his opponent.
Jabs are impractical due to the flexibility of the shaft.
There- fore, only swinging strikes will be effective.
Due to the springi- ness of the instrument, it will hit harder in a blow delivered through a short arc than will its sister weapon, the sap.
Sap Versus Jack The flat sap "slapper, slapjack" versus the rounded, spring- loaded blackjack presents an interesting question.
Purists say nei- ther should be used, but they are popular among police and will remain so for three reasons: They're extremely compact, they hit hard, and they require no training for their crude use.
The flat sap is a piece of heavy steel or lead in the shape of a large exclamation point, wrapped in two pieces of leather sewn together on the edges.
The jack is a solid piece of cylindrical lead at the end of a spring, around which has been braided strings of leather.
These are available with both flat and coil springs; the latter are most useful and versatile, since they hit harder and from more angles and rebound more quickly, lessening the likeli- hood of "penetrating," bone-breaking impact.
Lamb suggests that the flat sap is preferable, since one may use its edge to strike with, focusing impact.
However, the edge-on blow loses the whipping effect of the heavy sap, and the total impact is not necessarily enhanced.
The flat sap is the most comfortable to wear for an obvious reason: One carries weapons of this type in hip pockets or "sap pockets" sewn into the uniform trousers behind the thigh.
In other words, you sit on them, and a flat object leather blackjack more comforta- ble to sit on than a round one.
If Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 4.
Far left, "Texas slapper," the biggest sap and, in ray opinion, more than a police officer needs.
Smaller saps like the one next to it give adequate shock effect and sacrifice little in range; flat design makes for easy pocket carry.
If officer insists on carrying such a weapon, I prefer coil spring-loaded jack third from left ; it hits harder, breaks fewer bones, and lets the officer strike if his wrists have been grabbed just by flicking his hand.
Third from right, blackjack has flat spring, limiting the direction of hits and bounceback effect: a poor choice.
Second from right, smallest blackjack is this plainclothes model in two-tone finish; with coil spring and with loop wrapped around little finger, the source can grab just the base and deliver a stunning blow without as much danger of breaking bone.
At far right is a 12 inch billy club; while more humane than the other weapons in this figure and more versatile since it can be used for jabbing though at the risk of dislocating the officer's wristit is still considered obsolete.
Saps and jacks in figure are all by Bucheimer.
Nature of the Weapons 17 Nevertheless, the jack has two distinct advantages over the flat sap, so long as it is of the coil-spring type.
First is the rebound effect, which reduces likelihood of serious injury yet magnifies the sensation of stunning impact to the individual the officer must subdue.
Second, that whip effect allows the officer with a spring-loaded jack to extricate himself from a situation where a physically more powerful individual has the officer by the wrist.
Though his arm may be immobile, the officer can still flick his fingers and thumb forward, and if he's holding a spring-loaded jack, this will be enough to send the weighted head crashing down on the offender's wrist.
One, two, or three of these blows will loosen the strongest man's grasp sufficiently for the officer to break free and swing his jack more tellingly.
I believe, for reasons stated elsewhere, that sap and jack are far from the ideal impact weapons.
Nevertheless, they have a place as backup tools for the officer, since they are small enough for him to carry constantly; a Prosecutor, Lamb, or Kubota style baton, even if the officer is intensively trained in its use, will do him no good if he's besieged in an alley and his impact weap- on is still in his squad car.
Size is not the criteria in a good blackjack; flexibility is.
A light one with a good whip effect is more potent than one that weighs over a pound but has a flat spring that restricts its learn more here mentum.
Either can be jabbed in the manner of a short billy.
Since they bend on impact, the officer is less likely to injure his wrist with a jab delivered via sap or jack than one with a short billy; it is de- batable whether the impact to the opponent is lessened, however.
True, there is a springy "give," but the added weight of the loaded blackjack or slapper makes up for it.
The jack is best used for jabbing in a Yawara position, with the hand grasping the plaited leather body over the coil spring, leaving the smaller weighted butt protruding from the heel of the fist and the larger 1 8 Modern Police Impact Weapons head of the jack extending from the top of the fist.
Combination Impact Weapons The equipment-laden patrol officer understandably wants to re- duce his burden of weight and bulk, and given the opportunity to make one tool do the work of two, it is natural for him to consider it seriously.
There are several instruments on the police equipment market that comprise impact weapons that perforin one or two extra functions.
One is the heavy-duty police flashlight.
Rather than an impact weapon that serves as an emergency source of illumi- nation, as we will explain, it should be considered as an excellent flashlight that may, when faced with extreme danger, serve as a blocking and jabbing instrument and, at the officer's risk in terms of civil liability, as a club.
One unique variation of this concept is the VSI Mini-Light®, a cast-aluminum yawara stick that doubles as a "pencil flashlight.
They are available from several firms.
In all cases, they are sticks with Mace-type canisters, of pocket size, em- bedded in the butt end.
The officer simply holds the baton ver- tically, butt end up and hits the button.
This maneuver is es- pecially useful in conjunction with Kubota-style baton handling.
Monadnock makes what they call a "Detective Model Tear Gas Billy," actually a yawara stick that conceals a pocket-size cannister of Curb®, in either CN or CS formula.
Some liquor commission enforcement people have adopted this as standard after their pocket-size Mace and Curb sprays failed on drunks; they consid- ered the unit a can of Mace that they could hit an attacker with if the spray didn't work.
The unit might more properly be con- sidered a yawara stick with a little something extra.
All comments regarding the yawara stick apply to this instru- ment.
It is a barfight weapon extraordinaire, but more important, Nature of the Weapons 19 Figure 5.
This teargas baton is an excellent combination weapon.
Officer has drawn Koga-style with the weak hand from an Ayoob-style belt ring, hand slightly farther forward on the stick than it would normally be.
Weapon, a 20 inch Monadnock, is held in a reinforced block position; the index finger of the control hand is about to spray Curb CS aerosol into the attacker's face.
Monadnock tear-gas yawara about to be used as spray instead of impact weapon.
An excellent example of a "combination" impact weapon.
It is actually more compact than a uniform-size sixty-shot can- nister of Mace, Curb, or Federal Streamer®, yet it packs just as much punch per spray more, with the CS formula Curb.
The only difference between a pocket cannister and a belt cannister of incapacitant aerosol is the number of charges available, and any thinking officer will change cannisters as necessary to keep a fresh, full unit on hand anyway.
In my opinion, the Monadnock Detective Model Tear Gas Billy, with Curb 20 cannister prefer- ably in CSis the optimum delivery system for Mace-type capability.
A baton can also be handy as a tear-gas system, and as we have said, is particularly fast to bring into action when the officer draws Kubota- or Koga-style.
The common fear that the spray will "accidentally" go off in the policeman's face is virtually groundless.
The recessed trigger button is almost impossible to hit Nature of the Weapons 21 accidentally.
The rare exception would be a suspect who acci- dentally got his finger on it while grappling with the officer.
A butt-strike with such a weapon would be very likely to cause severe lacerations due to its irregular and sharp-edged surface.
All things considered, though, a tear-gas baton makes more sense than a conventional baton and a conventional Mace cannis- ter carried together.
If the go here fails, the other is in hand, instant- ly available, and one piece of equipment replaces two on the uniform belt.
The Prosecutor Baton Introduced in 1972, Monadnock's PR-24 Prosecutor, "the baton with the handle," has become widely accepted as the most versa- tile and effective police impact weapon available.
Monadnock Prosecutor Baton, designated "PR-24.
Original Okinawan tonfa sticks.
These rare specimens have halt- blades of razor sharp steel.
Versatile Prosecutor allows the officer to fend off a heavy chair from several angles with the use of only one hand, as the author demonstrates in this dramatic multiple exposure.
He is striking out to meet and deflect the attack rather than rigidly speaking blackjack video tutorial for />Photograph by Richard Morin.
This handle is the pivot of a series of spinning strikes, and in grappling, becomes a fulcrum over which the suspect's arm is easily twisted.
The design is a modernization of the tonfa stick of Okinawan karate.
Tonfas were semiround, only 18 inches long, and were used one in each hand.
The blocks and strikes of the tonfa are continued into the Prosecutor, but since it is a longer, two-handed Nature of the Weapons 23 weapon, the PR-24 opens a whole new field of effective grappling maneuvers as well.
Blocking The PR-24 is properly held by the short handle, the body of the stick beneath the wrist, with the short end ahead of the fist Figure 9.
A Prosecutor block will work from almost any position.
The heel of the hand should be tight down on the body of the stick see Fig.
Thus held, the stick becomes a sheer blocking surface that will absorb even blows from baseball bats harmlessly and painlessly see Fig.
Variations use the weak hand to reinforce, or to grasp the long end creating a "bar" type block.
The block should always be reinforced when the officer is protecting his head area, since a heavy blow, while it won't hurt the arm, can drive the Prosecutor handle sharply into face or head.
Blocking is instinctive, since when someone swings on you, your natural reaction is to raise your strong hand protectively.
The PR-24, in effect, gives you an arm that is impervious to blows, and with a surface so hard that your opponent's knuckles or shinbone can break on contact with the defensive barrier.
Concord, New Hampshire, police officers, issued the Prosecutor as standard equipment, demonstrate some of its uses.
It can block potent bludgeon strikes painlessly.
Nature of the Weapons 25 Jabbing The most effective close-in technique with the PR-24 is the short jab.
This is simply a punch in which the fist is "spearhead- ed" by the short end of the stick body, while the handle is held rigidly in the ready position described above.
The result is an ex- Figure 11.
Prosecutor short jab variation: The author "folds" a six-foot, nine- teen-year-old opponent during a demonstration.
Focused blow just above the navel causes pain and disorientation with little chance of permanent injury.
Though long part of the stick is usually held between chest and bicep for this technique, a straight punch as shown works very well.
Note that suspect drops arms at impact of belly hit — arms will usually curl in toward abdomen after solid hit — making it unnecessary for the officer to have to strike again.
For this reason, the officer should make a point of never "Prosecutor punching" an offender in throat, face, or breastbone.
The navel area is an ideal target.
This blow may be delivered like a simple punch, but many in- structors prefer to hold the long end between chest and bicep and "pop" the target in front of them.
Long jabs may also be used, in a two-handed mode.
The palm of the weak hand is over the long end, which is extended for- ward, and the strong hand jabs as if with a pool cue.
This allows the officer to lean backward, well out of reach of his opponent's fists, in a stance blackjack 5 cards looks so totally defensive he will appear, to a newsman's camera, to be retreating from the suspect's assault.
Yawara Jnbs The resemblance of the PR-24's handle to a yawara stick is not coincidental.
A snap of the wrist can deliver a devastating impact with the end of the fisted handle.
Especially useful in crowded areas, since most observers won't be able to see what's going on, this blow can be delivered inconspicuously from the discreet ready position.
Chops It goes without saying that the PR-24 is very efficient when used for a shuto "karate chop" type of blow.
Again, this should never be delivered to the neck or head area.
The handle in the fist becomes the pivot on which the long end is swung out against the target.
The spinning action gives the wea- pon great momentum, more than a rigid stick would have; at the same time, since it is not held rigidly, it will bounce back after maximum hurt lias been delivered, but probably here any bone Nature of the Weapons 27 breaks.
Contact will usually bounce it back into the ready position.
There are four methods of spin-striking: forward across the body; backward across the body; vertical; and in a circle in front of the officer.
Forward across the body is the basic spin-strike.
To execute, the officer holds the weapon in the ready position on his strong hand side.
The hand whips forward, as chips holdem poker zynga texas free to deliver a right hook to the opponent's midriff.
Grip on the handle is just a trifle loose; the long end swings by itself in an arc that extends a foot and a half ahead of the officer's fist.
The most common mistake made with the Prosecutor is failure to follow through on spin strikes.
The officer should swing hard, "aiming through rather than at" his target; if he has done it cor- rectly in practice, his strong hand will end up touching his weak side just below the rib cage, and the long end of the stick will wrap itself gently around the kidney area.
If he has struck a tar- get, the weapon is likely to bounce back into the ready position, with the long end toward the elbow of the striking arm.
Backward across the body is used as a follow-up to the above strike; it may also be used when drawing the weapon while under assault, to keep the attacker at bay.
The officer, who will usually be carrying his baton on his weak side, should practice this spin-strike three ways: from the baton ring, from the ready position with his strong hand starting on the weak side to simu- late a follow-up strike after connecting with a forward spin ; and with the strong hand from the weak side, with the long end out behind the officer's back to simulate a follow-up after miss- ing a forward spin.
The vertical spin is used in close-quarters.
The officer begins with the hand down at his right side, the handle exactly parallel with the floor, the top of the handle pointing straight toward his own side.
An upward snap of the forearm, coupled with a flick of the wrist, spins the long end up into the opponent's groin, solar plexus, or chin.
The officer can attain greater range by ex- tending the forearm as he spins upward.
This is a useful tech- nique in hallways or crowd control situations.
With the forearm across and in front of his chest, the officer spins his PR-24 like the blades of a windmill.
Rear Jab The long end may be thrust backward with great effectiveness from the ready position, if the officer is assaulted from behind.
The long end is guided between the chest and bicep, and the handle is turned so that the top of it is pointed across the officer's chest toward his weak side.
Thus, instead of going straight back and perhaps skidding off the attacker's rib cage, the long end is directed into his diaphragm.
Grappling and Come-along Holds The Prosecutor baton is without doubt more effective for grappling than any other police impact weapon.
It is only ap- Figure 12.
Prosecutor armlock permits the officer to hold a suspect subdued with one hand, while the other is free for cuffing.
Nature of the Weapons 29 proached by the nunchaku; even the Koga baton in the hands of a master is still a poor third in this respect.
The handle is the secret: It gives the officer enormous leverage without requiring him to relax his strong-hand grip.
The simplest grappling techniques with the PR-24 are also the most effective.
However, some, like the basic wristlock, are quite difficult to apply with factory instructions.
The wristlock is accomplished by scissoring the suspect's right hand if the officer is right-handed between the handle over the this web page of the wristthe lower edge of the officer's wrist and forearm over the outside edge of the suspect's wristand the long end of the stick under the weak side of the suspect's wrist.
By merely stepping back and pressing downward, the offi- cer can exert enough excruciating pain to bring even a big man to his knees.
The problem, of course, is getting his hand there.
The compa- ny recommends that you take the long end of the stick in your weak hand and swing it like a shepherd's crook to catch the at- tacker's wrist.
In real life, that's easy for him to evade.
You will probably have better luck blackjack game cards you begin your approach with a backward across-the-body spin strike to the region of his right elbow.
This will numb his arm sufficiently that he'll have trouble evading your armlock attempt.
It will also frequently cause him to snap his arm forward in a pain reflex that will make the limb easier to grab.
Once taking the wristlock, move immediately to your left, out of reach of his free hand, and bear down, to make it almost im- possible for him to kick.
Do not attempt this with a man who outweighs you by more than fifty pounds; that individual needs to be softened up first with spinstrikes to knees and elbows.
The next step, once you have him kneeling helplessly in the wristlock, is to pivot the hold into an armlock.
To do so, the officer simply swings the long end up toward the suspect's right rear shoulder blade.
This bends the elbow and puts the suspect into a "reinforced hammerlock.
Once the hammerlock position is achieved, the officer can lock the long end under his elbow and control the suspect one-handed.
The weak hand is now free for handcuffing.
Cuff the free hand first, and if the suspect refuses to bring his hand around volun- tarily, increase pressure on his trapped arm until he complies.
Your leverage in this position allows you to put him on his knees or his face with a slight turn of your controlling arm.
Another simple Prosecutor technique has to be the most effec- tive way ever of removing a recalcitrant suspect from an auto- mobile.
In the past, police instructors have taught their students to grab such a man around the neck, pull him out by the hair, or hook fingers into his mouth or nostrils.
Such techniques appear to be the height of police brutality in the eyes of horrified wit- nesses, and they can mark up the suspect severely.
Moreover, these techniques leave the officer wide open to belly punches, groin grabs, and other highly disabling injuries.
The Prosecutor technique eliminates all that.
The officer ap- proaches, opens the car door once he has ascertained that the suspect does not have a gunand places his right foot on the doorsill.
He holds the PR-24 in the ready position, along his leg.
From this stance, he can injure the suspect's ankle easily with a snap-kick if the suspect tries to kick him; his upraised thigh pro- tects his groin; and the stick is in a position to defend against virtually any hand poker blackjack card or 3 />Suppose the suspect insists on remaining in the car and locks his hands on the steering wheel.
Since he is offering no attack, you cannot very well strike him to overcome his "passive resistance.
From your foot-on-doorsill position, you are ideally placed to slip the long end of the PR-24 under his left armpit.
Reach over his shoulder with your left hand, and grasp the long end.
Using both hands, you now turn the stick as if you were spin- ning a steering wheel for a left turn.
The suspect is jerked for- ward and to his left, out of the car, as his arm is twisted into a Nature of the Weapons :si Figure 13.
Standard ready position with the PR-24; any strike or block can be delivered or initiated from here, yet the officer's appearance is low key and gives no hint of how he may approach a violent offender.
Gloves do not hinder the use of PR-24 if the officer has practiced with them on.
Roll him out onto the pavement, taking care not to strike his head on car or road; the option is yours now to hold him on his knees or spread him out face-down for hand- cuffing.
There is virtually no possibility of injury to the suspect, and Figure 14.
Prosecutor baton is best carried in special ring with stud to keep handle from moving as the officer walks.
Available from manufacturer in several variations.
Nature of the Weapons 33 to observers from most angles, it will appear that he has jumped out of the car and knelt in front of you!
There are other grappling techniques, but these are the easiest to master, and the most effective.
Use of the Prosecutor for choke-outs is easy but should be avoided, since the suspect can easily twist in this position, causing you to break his neck or crush his larynx.
Monadnock offers an in-depth training manual on the PR-24.
Video tapes for departmental training are also available.
Disadvantages include bulk most American police don't rou- tinely carry 24 inch batonsand the fact that the handle can protrude from the belt ring annoyingly.
The Prosecutor should be carried in Monadnock's special ring which has a stud to keep the handle from swinging about.
Also, the handle may work loose from practice; the company furnishes a piece of steel stock that can be inserted into the nut that holds the handle in place.
Placing another Prosecutor on the other end of the piece, one simply turns each baton until the screws are locked tight.
It is generally unwise to hold this instrument in other than the ready position, since the handle gives so much leverage that who- ever is holding it pretty much has control of the weapon.
A lawman can hang onto the Prosecutor one-handed while an attacker struggles to take it away with two, and so long as the officer keeps the handle pointed toward himself, it will be virtual- ly impossible for anyone to take it away.
The only disarming technique that is effective is for the attacker to grab both ends in either hand, turn, and slam his shoulder into the officer's armpit as he straightens both his own arms.
The Prosecutor may be used as a sword, with the handle form- ing a protective hilt, against bludgeons used overhand.
The at- tacker's club is caught in the "V" of the long end and the https://n-club.info/blackjack/casino-odds-on-blackjack.html the officer grabs the club and then slides the Prosecutor down the length of the club, smashing the attacker's fingers.
The problem is that this presumes an overhand attack; thrusts, jabs, and side- ways club swings can be better blocked if the officer holds the Prosecutor in the ready position.
In any case, neither this nor the nunchaku nor any other "super weapon" should ever be used against an armed assailant, :;i Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 15.
Overhead bludgeon counter with the Prosecutor.
Held swordlike with the hiltlike handle toward the oncoming club, opponent's weapon is caught at the intersection of the handle.
Officer then grabs the long end of bludgeon with weak hand and rams Prosecutor handle down the stick onto suspect's knuckles to break his hold.
An assailant with a weapon is utilizing deadly force, and you must use your service pistol against such a threat.
If you try an impact weapon instead, and fail, and the attacker goes over you and hurts someone else with his weapon, or with a deadlier weapon he has taken from you as you lie unconscious, you are at fatdt.
Yawara Stick The yawara is commonly called, in police circles, a "persuader" or a "judo stick.
Nature of the Weapons 35 Figure 16.
Monadnock yawara stick with aluminum balls on either end, known colloquially to police as "rib separators.
In a forward punch, it has the same effect as the roll of nickels carried by paperboys and street toughs since 1900; that is, it makes the fist rigid and heavy, and allows it to strike with a force approaching that of brass knuckles.
This is the first aspect of the yawara.
The second is that it ex- tends the fist one-quarter to three-quarters of an inch above and below, with a hard, focused impact surface.
An uppercut with the top edge of the fist, or a hannner-fist strike, now delivers enormously magnified force.
Some models — the cast aluminum "judo stick" marketed by Kel-Lite and others or the Monadnock "persuaders" with metal balls on each end — can easily shatter bones and become deadly weapons.
Some jiujitsu students are taught to hook the end of the stick 36 Modern Police Itnpacl Weapons Figure 17.
Reinforced fist is basic yawara stick concept.
Some local judges have considered their use by police to be a transgression beyond permissible police procedure in non-lethal application of force.
The Kel-Lite style, and one variation of the Monadnock, have sharp edges cut into each end of the sticks.
These are supposedly to discourage assailants from tearing them from the officer's hand, but in fact, they also increase the capability of the weapon to severely lacerate flesh.
Disadvantages are that the yawara is totally rangeless, and re- quires the officer to close in tightly with his opponent.
The unit is only as good as the officer's ability to throw his fists and coun- terpunch; it will do no good to the officer who can't land a right cross in the first place.
Blocking ability, for all but the master martial artists, is absent.
Nature of the Weapons 37 Advantages are compactness and element of surprise.
In the "persuader" mode, the officer can use the butt end of the yawara, whether or not it has the metal ball embedded, to dig into pressure points such as those on the back of the hand be- tween the metacarpal bones, when the officer wishes to give a suspect enough pain to forego thoughts of fighting.
Note: A lot of street people are carrying "invisible yawara.
Where they are cut at each end, these crude sticks become fear- some flesh-slicers.
Due to the transparency of the Acrilan models, the officer may not see the weapon until too late.
Interesting as it is, the yawara is little but a more socially ac- ceptable set of brass knuckles.
Only the officer who has trained with the weapon and appreciates the subtlety of its application will ever be able to use this tool effectively on the street.
Some homemade and even mail-order yawaras have spikes on either end.
Whether or not the officer chooses to carry one of these, they are useful for narcs and for plainclothes officers who apprenticeship scam an inconspicuous survival weapon.
The yawara is an experts-only instrument.
A trained man can be extremely deadly with one.
Most officers avoid them, not for any reason except that it is strange, unconventional, and non- American looking, a fact that has allowed many suspects carrying them to go uncharged, since their innocuous little piece of wood or plastic or aluminum simply didn't look like a weapon to the arresting officers or the judge.
Riot Batons The yard-long quarterstaff, or riot baton, is analogous to the bo or jo sticks of the various Oriental martial arts.
Many of the techniques taught in karate can be translated effectively into law enforcement applications; others are as useless as tonfa katas to police use of the Prosecutor baton.
The long stick is used today primarily in civil disturbance situ- ations.
One strikes with it as if using the Kubota or Koga LAPD-style batons two handed, or as if the weapon was a bayonetted rifle.
Many of our crowd control concepts used in :;s Modern Police Impact Weapons metropolitan America derive from techniques blackjack weapon history by soldiers.
The effectiveness of the quarterstaff, or the lack of effective- ness, will be a direct function of the tactics used by the officers who have been sent out to deal with the always-unique problem that caused the riot sticks to be issued in the first place.
Some officers carry quarterstaffs in their vehicles, as well as conventional two-foot batons, but the quarterstaffs should not be employed in one-to-one confrontations because they are too cumbersome.
A light, quick stick gives the officer more flexibility and reduces the likelihood of his being disarmed.
This text will not delve into riot control techniques using the baton.
Quarterstaff training: Illinois State Troopers during riot control exercises at Illinois Law Enforcement Academy at Springfield.
This is the one law enforcement situation where it is proper to use what you're told instead of techniques that are better suited to your physique and skills.
Courtesy of Illinois State Police.
Nature of the Weapons 39 ment to the rest of the team, or his actions will cause more prob- lems than they will solve.
Those who recommend the use of esoteric impact weapons for crowd control — Anderson with the Prosecutor and Phillips with the nunchaku — do so with the caveat that all members of the crowd control team must be experts with those sticks.
Most won't be, in real life.
Nunchuks or Prosecutors swung wildly can injure fellow officers in the heat of a choked-in melee.
While the quar- terstaff or riot baton is by no means the best weapon to defend one's self with, it is perhaps the best tool to defend one's free game video poker machine with when you are flailing in close quarters during a mob encoun- ter, and you can't know whether the back next to yours is that of a rioter or a brother officer.
Certainly, the martial arts techniques of Bo-kibo or Kobu-do permit a single man with a quarterstaff to defend himself against an encroaching crowd of unarmed belligerents.
But those techniques — wide sweeps that cut a swatch in front of the de- fender — were never meant for police crowd control problems, nor will they be suitable in an American gang attack on a single officer, who would be better off to draw his gun and give himself the option of either scaring his opponents into retreat or forci- bly defending himself against an organized attack that may end in his death, an attack he is legally permitted to repel by the more efficient deadly force of his handgun.
In any case, those martial arts techniques of defending yourself alone with the quarterstaff are taught in few if any police academies.
The quarterstaff, outside of a well-orchestrated flying wedge of policemen, is an anachronism that the individual officer should not rely upon in a one-on-one situation.
While the length and the weight of the stick give him a great capability to defend himself against people he wants to stay away from him, there are few if any situations where the quarterstaff will serve him better than a regular nightstick when he wants to move in on one per- son and effect that person's arrest.
Though some riot control teams are issued plastic quarterstaffs, most carry wooden sticks that have to be so thick to prevent breakage that they are ungainly to use in one-to-one encounters.
The officer who may be assigned to riot control details would do well to study the two-handed strikes and blocks of the Kubota method.
These techniques will this web page him well in any environ- ment, and many, though by no means all, are as suitable for per- sonal self-defense as for crowd control work as a part of a "protective circle," "flying wedge," or whatever.
This text will not explore riot control formations.
Insofar as the role of impact weapons for such operations, we will say only that the quarterstaff is better suited here than anywhere else, but that the 24 or 26 inch street baton gives the riot control officer more flexibility in protecting himself and gives him a weapon he is better trained with to perform in his dual roles as riot con- troller and police officer.
There is little the three-foot quarterstaff can do that the two-foot baton can't, and the fact that the officer has been intensively trained with a single impact weapon bear- ing in mind the fact that the vast majority of police have too little training with the impact weapon in any respectconcen- trated instruction with the standard stick could well eliminate the need for a larger "special occasion" riot stick.
Look at the experi- ence of Boston, with its heavy crowd-control problems during the busing issue: Boston cops have been able to use effectively a crowd control system revolving around the Lamb baton tech- niques trained to all its officers.
In a riot situation, the Boston cops come in swinging their Lamb batons cross-body, emphasizing the effect with stripes of reflector tape on their 24 inch sticks, and swinging them in rhythm as they shout "Move!
Conventional tactics may work for teams; indeed, they must, for the officer in the middle has little choice.
We can say here only that the quarterstaff is not, by any standard, the weapon of choice when the lone officer walks into what may be Nature of the Weapons 41 a "trouble" situation.
It is too awkward for a man alone to han- dle unless he has had advanced training in such martial arts as kobu-do, and in any case, such techniques were designed for un- armed men facing deadly attack by a multitude of other un- armed men, when they had no deadlier weapons with which to fend off the attack.
Policemen have other weapons to deter such overwhelming as- saults and should use them when they're alone.
In modern police work, the quarterstaff is a weapon that should be used only by a member of a team in coordinated action, and it is not the place for this author or this book to determine how that team should operate on its own ground.
Sap Gloves and Palm Saps The "heavy black gloves" are quite popular among police in some regions and blackjack bust banned by department edict in others be- cause of their connotation of brutality.
Essentially, sap gloves are good-quality gloves that have powdered lead sewn into the area of the knuckles and first digits of the fingers, or into the palm to create a sort of reinforced-fist effect.
For duty wear, however, this brand makes the hands awkward, and they are too stiff for casual carrying in belt or pocket.
In conventional sap gloves, those with the lead sewn into the knuckle area allow the officer to wear them without seriously impairing his ability to drive or handle his weapon.
Those who prefer the click at this page palms say that the best way to use sap gloves is with a slap instead of a punch.
This certainly makes a slap in the face feel like a hammer blow.
But consider the ramifications.
A slap in the face is normally seen by society as a classic chal- lenge to fight.
This can bounce back on the officer in the court- Figure 19.
In my opinion, however, they are too awkward, stiff, and bulky for routine patrol even when allowed by the department.
The length of fingers and the whole back of the hand is protected.
Nature of the Weapons 43 Figure 20.
Palm sap by Bucheimer Clark, while effective for slapping or re- inforcing a fist for a straight punch, lacks the versatility of a yawara stick.
The wraparound design, however, makes it a weapon the officer can't lose while grappling.
The general feeling is that if force is warranted, the officer may use a right cross or a stick as necessary, and that if the danger is little enough that a solid punch isn't warranted, then neither is any other type of blow, especially one that is likely to inflame the suspect if it doesn't neutralize him.
Moreover, there are many who view sap gloves as something- akin to brass knuckles — a thug's weapon, not a policeman's, and one that puts the cop in a bad light if he's accused of using that weapon overzealously.
In a similar category is the palm sap, which is looped over the hand.
It may comfortably be carried in a pocket, and like the sap gloves, allows the officer to keep his "extra edge" in his hand if 44 Modern Police Impact Weapons he has to open his fingers to grab a fistful of his opponent's clothing.
Sap gloves and palm saps do give an officer an advantage when he must "duke it out" with a suspect.
They make a certain amount of sense in those rare departments where the officer has been instructed not to use his stick on the typical unarmed bar- fighter, though an agency with that philosophy will doubtless frown on weighted gloves as well.
On a rough beat, a light pair of sap gloves that don't restrict hand movement do make for a little extra insurance, but the officer should be careful to determine beforehand that he is not violating department policy, and that his superiors will back him up if his reasonable use of the sap gloves brings on an excessive force charge.
Guns, knives, bludgeons — the basic concept is always there, but varia- tions come in waves.
Twenty years ago, the fad weapons were zip guns, switchblade knives, and brass knuckles.
You still see them today, but more sophisticated variations are taking their place.
Now sawed-off shotguns are the criminal's choice for armed robbery, and the switchblade has been largely replaced by cheap stillettoes and trick knives that hide inside the belt where a frisk won't find them.
Bludgeons, too, have been up-dated.
They call the new version by a number of slang names, "Chucks," "nunchucks," "chakers," "karate sticks," or "killer sticks.
In the feudal peasant days in Okinawa, the ruling lords for- bade the citizenry to possess any type of weapon, for fear that they would rise up against the armed and armored might of their tyrannical government.
Nature of the Weapons 15 Figure 21.
Four common styles of nunchaku a police officer can expect to encounter: from bottom clockwise round "chakers" chained together; ex- tra-heavy octagonal nunchucks that not only crush but also tear with their sharp edges; special police nunchaku made of heavy plastic, with short cord to facilitate scissoring; and relatively light sticks with extra-long cord for greater reach and flailing maneuverability.
In visit web page, the people of this agricultural society turned to the tools of the field and built fighting styles around them that rivalled the deadliest formal weapons of the period.
Perhaps foremost among these was the simple rice flail, the nunchaku.
It consisted of two pieces of wood, each about fourteen to sixteen inches long, and connected at one end by a cord of vary- ing length.
They quickly learned that the rice flail could also flail human targets, and with great effect.
The men held one of the sticks either at the base or partway up, and swung the other stick.
The 46 Modern Police Impact Weapons momentum it built up was devastating, especially when the base of each stick was weighted, momentum enough that the swinging stick could shatter the primitive body armor of the period, which was immune to any other kind of club, stick, or staff.
Until about the end of the 1960s, the nunchaku was little known.
Martial arts masters taught it only to their black belt stu- dents.
Lee, who died in his early 30s, had been Kato on the Green Hornet TV series and had played superfighters in a number of other TV shows and movies.
Trained in kung-fu, he branched out into all the other martial arts and eventually developed his own form, jeet kune do "Way of the Intercepting Fist".
Now eulogized as the greatest martial artist of modern times, he was also one of the greatest showmen, He choreographed his own fight scenes, meticulously and exhaustively.
After a number of successful Hong Kong quickies, Lee played the lead in the first major American film of the genre, Warner Brothers' stupendously successful Enter the Dragon.
In the film, Lee used a handsomely crafted nunchaku to defeat a number of opponents.
Lee's fighting ability on the screen was always breathtaking, but his use of the fighting sticks in Enter the Dragon absolutely captivated the audience.
Almost overnight, two elements of the public had become fascinated with the weapon.
One was the legitimate martial arts community.
Use of the nunchaku had already been increasing among the practitioners, largely because of a book on the weapon written by Fumio De- mura, one of the pioneers of karate in this country.
In most dojo karate schoolskobujitsu or kobu-do the art which involves the fighting sticks had been taught only to advanced students, but now the "colored belts" of lower rank clamored for instruc- tion with the super-weapon.
Many of the schools complied.
But a second and sinister trend had developed.
Martial arts films have always been popular in slum areas, partly because the constant action and frequently gross blood-letting they depicted was an even bigger seller of movie tickets than were the porno films.
Street punks who had no interest in the true martial arts Nature of the Weapons 47 saw Https://n-club.info/blackjack/flash-blackjack-counting-cards-online.html the Dragon and similar flicks and left the theaters muttering, "Man, I gotta get me a set of those sticks!
They are also available through some karate schools.
A few larg- er cities have marital arts supply houses which sell them over the counter.
But while the blackjack card counting simulator online karate practitioners bought these well-made replicas, the street element generally made their own.
Most of the nunchucks police have encountered in the street have been homemade.
The usual design is a couple of lengths of sawed-off broomstick, or thick wooden dowelling, chained to- gether.
While some of the store-bought nunchaku are also chained, the most popular means of connecting the sticks is with a double length of waxed, braided nylon.
Some inventive souls have used aircraft cable and similar esoteric materials.
Street users often drill the butts of their "chakers" hollow and weight them with lead or similar substances to increase their destructive power.
A few homemade nunchaku have been encountered which were fabricated of Fiberglass®, and some of the cruder specimens have been assembled from lengths of pipe.
True nunchaku come in several styles.
Most popular are the octagonal sticks, each stick fourteen inches in length.
One brand made in this country is four-sided: while the edges bite into the hands somewhat, they create wicked lacerations on the opponent.
Because the "chakers" can also be held together and used for thrusting, in the manner of a short billy club, a popular model is the han-kei nunchaku, which is rounded on two sides and flat on the other two so that the twin sticks will hold together well.
Completely rounded sticks cut less severely and are more com- fortable to handle.
There are variations in which a long stick is chained to a short one, as opposed to the usual sticks of equal length.
One holds the long end and strikes with the short.
These are somewhat easier for an amateur to use, though he sacrifices much of his reach.
Yet another style is the yon-setsu-knon nunchaku, which has two ten-inch sticks on either end, and two four-inch sticks toward the IS Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 22.
Nunchaku is a lethal impact weapon with reach exceeding that of standard sticks; it carries a great momentum that can easily kill or cripple.
An officer facing nunchuks is facing lethal weaponry and should respond with his service firearm.
Each are connected by short cords.
This model is much more flexible, resembling a wooden whip when in action.
How They Work The nunchaku is basically a fast-swinging striking tool.
It can be used to either "flail" or "snap.
Done properly, it looks to the op- ponent like eight sticks flickering at once.
The "figure eight" is a defensive maneuver that is very hard to penetrate.
Another method — more likely to be used by the untrained — is "propeller- twirling" the loose stick.
Nature of the Weapons l!
Police nunchaku by Monadnock is round to reduce lacerations, tapered for quick handling, with cord of optimum length for both flailing and scissoring.
Weight and density of its Monpac construction give it dev- astating impact effect.
Nunchaku is ineffective against a knife.
An officer's only real chance of survival in such an encounter is to strike a potentially lethal blow to the head.
Though some feel that this kind of "super impact weapon" eliminates the need for an officer to use his gun against a knife, there are several reasons why the gun is both more effective and less likely to result in injury to a knife-wielding suspect.
Nunchucks tan be whipped into the legs with bone-breaking force.
In practice sessions, both individuals should wear heavy-duty protective gear.
While it is relatively easy to disarm a punk using one of these "propeller style," the "figure-eight block" is very difficult to coun- ter.
This maneuver should not normally be attempted by a bare- handed officer.
The other striking technique is the "swing" or "snap.
Unlike the flailing technique, in which the weapon is constantly in motion, a swing is usually a de- liberate shot to an opponent's body.
Swinging strikes are usually directed to the head, the rib cage, or the legs.
The "snap" can be even deadlier.
A right-handed user holds the swinging end back https://n-club.info/blackjack/counting-cards-blackjack-vegas.html in his left hand or under his right armpit see Fig.
He simultaneously snaps his right wrist and releases the other end; the striking stick whips forward with murderous speed.
It is most effective when aimed at face, throat, diaphragm, groin, or knee- cap.
As soon as the weapon has struck, another flick of the nun- chaku-man's wrist whips the stick around to the right and back in toward his body, where he catches it beneath his armpit.
He is now ready to strike again.
The movement has taken perhaps less than a second, and a well-practiced fighter can keep the wea- pon snapping constantly in a blur of deadly motion.
In addition to the power-packed momentum, the nunchaku has another lethal edge over other striking weapons: range.
Even the most compact 'chaku — usually a couple of 12 inch sticks with a short cord — has a slight edge over the 24 inch police baton.
The more common, bigger "chakers" have significantly greater reach.
In effect, the nunchaku gives a fighter an "arm" more than dou- ble normal arms-length and vastly increases the potency of his blows.
The weapon looks inoffensive when held closed, and this can be dangerously deceptive to the officer.
He may see a loiterer casu- ally holding a closed set of nunchaku, and approach within, say, seven feet, a distance that appears to be safe.
Suddenly, with a flick of his right wrist, the punk snaps the weapon open and up- ward, nailing the cop in the crotch with a savagely destructive blow.
Officers should take extreme care when approaching sus- pects armed with these weapons.
Martial artists consider them deadlier than knives.
There is a third application of the nunchaku that is even more lethal.
If the cord is fairly short three inches is about right the Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 26.
Nunchaku can be snapped forward, out from under the arm, with lethal force and accuracy.
Don't fool with a man in this position.
Nature of the Weapons 53 Figure 27.
Nunchaku choke-out technique works in seconds but care must be taken that chain or cord does not contact larynx.
Danger of blackjack card game definition pick or brain damage is extremely great with this instrument due to the great pressure that can be brought to bear with it.
When used on the neck from behind, it can break the cervical spine.
More likely, it will cut off the blood supply to the brain, causing the victim to black out in moments.
It has been reliably reported that this type of attack can cause a fatal stroke and other severe and permanent injuries.
So used, it is an ideal tool for muggers and rapists.
When used sideways — one stick behind the neck, and one in front of the throat — it can easily crush larynx and windpipe and can lever the cervical vertebrae swiftly apart, severing the spinal cord.
How Are They Carried?
Those with the longer cords are often carried movie style, slung around the neck.
If the cord is long enough, the two sticks hang down in such a manner that they are concealable even be- neath an open jacket.
Pocket carry is common; still others carry the two sticks inside the waistband, butts up.
Other, more ingenious methods have been seen on the street.
The officer may encounter a suspect who slips one stick down the back of his neck and leaves the other outside his shirt, the weapon suspended by the cord on the collar.
Under a jacket, it hangs invisibly in the hollow between the shoulder blades.
An of- ficer frisking a suspect should always pat down this area.
Still another popular hiding place is the coat-sleeve.
One stick is inside the sleeve, one loose inside the jacket.
The weapon is in an ideal position to be snapped out quickly from the under-arm hold position for a surprise snap or swing.
Shorter nunchaku can be concealed inside a long-sleeve shirt.
Watch for three open but- tons in the middle of the shirtfront and for a tell-tale bulge in the region of the forearm when the elbow is bent, or for a sus- pect who keeps one arm in an unusually straight and stiff position.
Nunchucks can also be found under car seats and hanging from rear-view mirrows.
Officers working the famous New Hampshire Motorcycle Races, where 40,000 cycle buffs converge Nature of the Weapons 55 Figure 28.
Plainclothesmen and street people carry nunchakus in waistband behind hip.
Weapon is accessible for surprise, quick draw-and-strike with either hand and is extremely concealable and comfortable.
They've been observed in saddle- bags and hanging from handlebars.
A few places have flatly outlawed possession of nunchaku.
California has been said to have recently relaxed the ban, to the extent that the weapons may be used in karate schools by legiti- mate practitioners.
In one major northeastern city, an elected of- ficial recently moved to have what he called "killer sticks" placed on the same level as sawed-off shotguns and machineguns as for- bidden weapons.
In most other regions, the officer can make a concealed weapons arrest on a nunchaku carrier in the same manner as if the man were packing brass knuckles, blackjack, or lead-pipe bludgeon.
A word of caution here, however: Many karate students carry their 'chakus from home to class, on their person.
It would be un- fair to roust these people, since legitimate martial artists no more please click for source muggings than legitimate target shooters commit holdups.
When a suspect tells you that he is a student, check with his school to confirm his innocent intentions before booking him.
You're less likely to run into this today, since lawmen are becom- ing more aware of this weapon and have been busting nunchaku carriers frequently, with the result that the legitimate users are carrying their sticks in special cases or in gym bags.
What Do the Martial Artists Use It For?
Like most of the martial arts weapons systems, it is considered more a highly sophisticated training exercise than a practical self- defense measure, although some dojo are teaching its use in the latter light.
Use of the martial arts weapons in kata or training exercises demands precise timing, perfect coordination, and a keen eye for distance, and constant practice with the nunchaku develops all these attributes.
Relatively few of the serious martial artists who work out with the nunchaku ever carry it on the street.
How Do You Handle a Cop Fighter With a Set of These?
A cop fighter carrying nunchaku should be handled very, very carefully, in much the same manner that you would cope with a really good knife-fighter.
Stay well back out of his range, and Nature of the Weapons 57 employ a chemical spray like Mace, Curb, or Federal Streamer.
Your department's policy about not spraying directly into the face may be relaxed when you are facing a deadly weapon.
The spray should be used with the left hand, with the service sidearm drawn in the right.
Disarming a nunchaku man barehanded is as fool-hardy as at- tempting the same with a knife-wielder.
If you are in a situation where you must use only your hands, keep moving constantly: once the nunchaku fighter starts his swing, it's difficult for him to adjust his aim to nail a moving target.
The snapping motion is perhaps the deadliest: It comes too fast for you to count on evading it, and there is no way to block blackjack #4 knife barehanded without risking serious injury.
When facing an amateur who is not flailing the sticks too swiftly, it is sometimes possible to dare it and grab the swinging end.
If you must do this, take two warnings: Grab for the end nearest the cord, which will greatly lessen the impact delivered to your hand, since most of the momentum is in the outer end.
If you stop the swing in this manner, be careful that your opponent doesn't catch the other end of that stick with his left hand.
If he does, he can scissor your hand at the connected end, crushing your knuckles.
Second, catch the weapon, don't block it.
A rigid block will serve only to increase the impact of the stick into your hand.
In- stead, swing your hand in an outward, intercepting motion.
That is, if an open nunchaku is swinging in on you from your left, bring your hand in a circular motion out from the center of your body to your left and back, with your palm toward the wea- pon.
This way, instead of meeting force with force, your hand redirects the swing of the nunchaku, destroying its momentum.
Keep your other hand up to shield your face in case the stick penetrates your defense.
Again, it should be emphasized that the nunchaku is an ex- tremely lethal weapon — deadlier than almost any other type of bludgeon — and barehanded defense should not be attempted un- less the officer has been disarmed.
One thing in the cop's favor is that this is a particularly tricky 58 Modem Police Impact Weapons weapon, and the average street punk has had no proper training in its use.
He is likely to flail wildly and awkwardly with it.
Also, the weapon is unique in that the user can easily hit himself with it if he miscalculates.
Even black belt weaponmasters have been known to nail themselves painfully on elbow or noggin.
One Colorado officer reports, "This guy came out of his car at me swinging a set of those sticks.
I just stepped back and let him practically beat himself to death.
Camden, Wildwood, and a few other New Jersey de- partments have either adopted them or made them optional for cops to carry.
However, both of these departments have advanced black belt weapons experts on the force, to supervise training.
A handful of individual officers throughout the country use them, but almost invariably, these are cops who are involved in the martial arts this web page private life and have extensive training, just as most cops who carry.
In both instances the officer is practicing constantly with his weapon, and it works for him where it wouldn't with a cop of only average training.
Massachusetts, as well as other states, has laws against the weapon, it should be noted.
I did a series on this subject for Karate Illustrated magazine, which argued that the weapon is too destructive to serve as a less- lethal police impact weapon, and that it requires intense training and frequent practice to attain proficiency.
Nunchaku is a weapon you, as a policeman, will be seeing more of.
You may have seen it already and not even noticed.
Nature of the Weapons 59 Figure 29.
Leading police nunchaku expert Jim Phillips, left, discusses the in- strument with Paul Starrett of Monadnock.
It appears that the nun- chaku will be the fad weapon of the street punk for years to come.
Watch out for it.
NON-TRADITIONAL The Sidearm as an Impact Weapon All officers are cautioned in basic training that they should never strike a suspect with their handgun.
There are three excel- lent reasons for this.
First, the weight and sharp angles are likely to cause splintering fractures of bone areas so struck.
Second, an accidental discharge is quite possible.
Third, no handgun is de- signed to take sharp blows against hard objects, and such an im- GO Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 30.
Using revolver as impact weapon can damage not only suspect but also gun; trigger guard on this.
We should recognize, however, that there are situations when the officer will find himself with gun drawn, and suddenly faced with an unarmed attacker who is assaulting him violently and perhaps attempting to grab the service revolver.
It will often, in such cases, be impractical to holster and secure the gun, and then resort blackjack weapon history hand-to-hand subdual or draw a "less-lethal" weapon.
If the officer holds his gun hand out of the way and attempts to re- Nature of the Weapons 61 strain the suspect with his weak hand alone, he is likely to be overpowered.
Throwing the sidearm away is extremely danger- ous: The attacker may break away from the struggle and retrieve the handgun before the officer can, or one of his accomplices may grab the weapon.
A friend of mine, a police officer who happened also to be a master karate instructor, found himself in such a position on a lakeside pier.
He flipped his revolver into ten Figure 31.
This figure shows several right and wrong aspects about holding the service revolver when striking a suspect with it.
Right aspects are that the web of the hand is firmly under the hammer to prevent accidental discharge and that the "fisted butt" the striking surface protrudes from the bottom of the hand.
This officer has brought up two fingers to cover the trigger guard; this is wrong because a the blocked hammer prevents discharge any- way, b suspect can still get a finger inside the trigger guard, and c the officer's middle finger, the strongest, should be locked securely around the narrow upper part of the grip as it would be in firing position this gives him maximum leverage if suspect is grappling for the service revolver.
Grips on this handgun are rubber ones by Pachmayr; these not only reduce the likeli- hood of lacerating or fracturing suspect, but they have excellent characteris- tics for combat shooting.
Since he was carrying a spare gun, he did not feel that he had handicapped himself unduly.
However, it would be hard to imagine any other set of circumstances in which deep-sixing his sidearm would have been justified or even possible.
For the average officer caught in this predicament, striking the attacker with the gun may indeed be the only way out.
When the officer believes this to be the case, the following technique should be employed.
Roll the revolver back into the fist, with the web of the hand solidly in the hook of the uncocked hammer.
This does two things.
First, it prevents the gun from being fired accidentally or otherwise, since the double-action revolver cannot fire unless the hammer is raised and dropped.
Impact will not "jar off" the gun, since any modern police revolver has a safety bar between ham- mer and firing pin or between firing pin and cartridge that drops only when the hammer or trigger is deliberately pulled back.
Second, this allows the hard and usually square-cornered lower rear edge of the butt to protrude from below the heel of the hand.
A hammer-fist blow or side-slash with this "fisted butt" will deliver enormous impact that will easily splinter bone and lacer- ate badly.
For this reason, such a blow should never be aimed at the upper head, or the back of the neck.
It will, however, be ex- tremely effective against collarbone or jaw.
A blow with the gun barrel may not be effective, since the lounded contour will allow it to glance off the suspect's body, re- ducing stunning effect.
Jabbing with the gun muzzle may deliver effective force, but at the risk of the gun turning in the hand at impact; with the forward motion, and the fact that the finger is probably tight around the trigger, an accidental discharge is quite likely.
If time permits, the officer may wish to position his index finger behind the trigger.
This will positively prevent an acciden- tal shot, but also increases the likelihood of his finger being broken on impact or if the suspect grabs and twists the weapon.
The rifle or shotgun may be used as a striking implement, as any soldier knows.
Again, muzzle-jabs, while extremely effective blows, present a great danger of an accidental discharge: the of- Nature of the Weapons 63 ficer is, alter all, grasping the weapon very tightly and is thrust- ing with it violently.
Since there usually isn't room inside a rifle or shotgun trigger guard to insert a blocking finger behind the trigger, the gun hand should not be in firing position.
It is best Figure 32.
Proper method of shielding shotgun trigger when closing in a grappling situation.
The same danger of accidental discharge applies when the bar- rel is used in a slashing movement against collarbone or head.
The most effective blows with a rifle or shotgun are delivered with the butt.
The officer should grasp the weapon by the front of the barrel with his weak hand, holding his strong hand on the pistol-grip of the stock.
The man with his hands closest to the ends of a 31,4-foot weapon will normally control its motion, as we have seen with the riot baton.
However, the shotgun has one advantage for the man armed with one: the shape of click butt- stock prevents a man from getting a secure hold on the end of it.
If an attacker grabs the stock by its upper rear edge, he cannot Figure 33a.
Since buttstock below pistol grip controlled by officer is too wide for a solid hold by suspect, officer will find it fairly easy to slam stock for- ward out of suspect's grasp and up into a decisive groin strike.
Nature of the Weapons 65 Figure 33b.
Grappling for shotgun: Suspect has a leverage advantage because, since officer dare not remove his hands from "controls," suspect can grab farther out on the weapon.
Officer should keep the gun in rapid motion, sideways, back and forth, up and down.
Con- versely, if the suspect grabs the lower edge, a smart backward mo- tion by the officer will pull the gun completely away from the attacker's hand.
An officer in such a grappling situation should keep the gun moving at all times, with the muzzle and butt both moving in sharp figure-eight patterns, and the gun constantly being jerked upward and downward in a 180 degree arc.
This reduces the at- tacker's leverage.
The officer should kick at the suspect's knees and shins, and then pull and step backward.
He may also wish to jerk the suspect in toward himself and deliver a knee to the groin.
This would be considered lethal force, exercised against an unarmed opponent who is not, at this moment, capable of offering deadly danger.
However, if the downed suspect reached at this time for a gun or other dead- ly weapon, and the officer did not feel it expedient to fire the gun at him, a downward blow of the buttstock to skull, neck, or spine should terminate the encounter.
The officer who is permitted to do so should consider fitting his service revolver with rules variations set of Pachmayr Presentation Grips®.
These are made of black rubber composition and will reduce the likelihood of lacerating and breaking bone when the officer must strike a suspect with the "fisted butt" of his revolver.
They also afford an excellent hold for combat shooting and prevent the re- volver from twisting in the hand, either from heavy recoil dur- ing firing or when someone is grappling for it.
Finally, these grips do not show dents and scars as do wooden stocks, and they have a businesslike look that complements a well-dressed officer's overall appearance.
The Flashlight as an Impact Weapon A high percentage of our police officers have acquired heavy- duty flashlights for patrol duties.
Typified by Safariland's Kel- Lite®, and including the Bianchi B-Lite®, the Tru-Grit®, and a version of the Pro-Light® among others, these units are made of heavy aircraft aluminum tubing.
They cost perhaps five times as much as conventional flashlights of the same battery capacity and power.
One can, for example, drive a car back and forth over a small-head Kel-Lite or similar product without harming it.
But this is not the reason most officers carry them.
They carry them as bludgeons.
Like all impact weapons, the heavy duty flashlight has its pros and cons.
The most obvious advantage is that, during any night- stop, it will probably be in the officer's hand at the moment he is Nature of the Weapons 67 Figure 34.
Three typical police flashlight weapons.
Top: Three-cell D-size Bianchi B-Lite has bullet-shaped butt, reducing lacerations when light is swung but increasing damage when thrust.
Center: Tru-Grit flashlight is thickest and heaviest of the D-cells, with interchangeable one-cell sections to allow officer to change size as needed.
Bottom: Safariland Kel-Lite is the most popular police flashlight, an excellent choice.
It also permits an officer to combine two bulky pieces of equipment, saving weight and comfort.
But the disadvantages are also many.
The rigidity of the flash- light, coupled with the weight of the aluminum barrel and the three to five or more heavy batteries, creates a bludgeon deadlier than a lead pipe.
Consider a strike across the kneecap.
A wooden baton probably won't break the bone.
A plastic baton in the same man's hands may cause a simple fracture of the patella.
But the heavy flashlight, swung with the same force, can smash the knee- cap into particles.
The 26 inch hickory baton made an impressively loud noise smashed full-force across the desk top.
I did the same with a 24 inch Monadnock plastic stick, and the desk bounced in the air from the shock.
I then picked up a four-cell Tru-Grit flashlight, and swung it 68 Modern Police Impact Weapons down onto the desktop with moderate force.
As the echo of the crashing sound died and the vibrations of the desk stopped, we could see that all three layers of the tough, laminated plywood top were cracked through, and the upper-most layer was finely shattered for an area of about an inch surrounding point of im- pact.
It does, but are pokeradar shiny hunting what requires special training and under- standing of the potential deadliness of the weapon when used as a bludgeon, as 99 percent of the officers carrying it would use it in a fight situation.
With Kubota-type moves, the long, heavy police flashlight be- comes a humane and effective impact weapon.
Used as a blocking tool, on the underside of the forearm, it will absorb impact bet- ter than any baton.
A rearward jab will take the wind out of any opponent.
A forward jab can be quite effective, though due to the shape of the flashlight head, it is likely to lacerate flesh.
It is not likely that a frontal blow will cause the lens to shatter, cutting the suspect; most of these "torches" have tough Lexan® lenses, and only a direct jab to the point of the chin is likely to break them.
Some officers hold the flashlight on a suspect in the position illustrated in Figure 35: elbow at side, hand next to face, with the flashlight head protruding from the bottom rather than the top of the hand.
This facilitates a quick, surprise "bludgeon blow" but reduces the officer's ability to block effectively and strike humanely with the instrument.
The flashlight should be held as in Figure 36.
This not only gives the officer maximum control of the light beam but allows him to use Kubota-type blocks and strikes.
To be effective in this application, the light should be at least a four-cell, preferably a five.
A three-cell flashlight is too short for adequate blocking or optimum striking.
Many officers prefer the slim "C" cell versions over the more common "D"-battery size.
The Cs fit comfortably in most baton rings and in the "sap pocket" of most uniform trousers.
Little blocking or striking ability is sacrificed in the Kubota method, Nature of the Weapons 69 Figure 35.
Many officers are taught to approach cars this way with their police flashlights, but consider that a many motorists will readily perceive that the hold facilitates a clubbing motion of the flashlight and b there is little you can do in this position except swing it like a bludgeon.
Many officers will also argue that it does not give the best light for spotting would-be aggressors in a darkened car.
Duration of light, however, is dramatically reduced in the "C" cell.
Small-head flashlights will be more comfortable to carry and are quite sufficient in terms of light output.
The officer who wants maximum illumination will do better to buy a flashlight with extra battery capacity and high-intensity bulbs than to go to the bulky large-head design.
Shape of the flashlight butt has been debated by the various manufacturers.
At this writing, the Kel-Lite has a flat bottom rounded at the edges; the Bianchi B-Lite has a bullet-shaped butt; and the Tru-Grit, due to its sectioned design, has a flat bot- 7 1 Modern Police Impact Weapons Nature of the Weapons 71 Figure 36.
When held in the conventional position, the flashlight can be used left top to jab to abdomen or midsection left bottomin a block or armbar technique, or above in a two-handed jab that will be instinctive to any officer trained in LAPD-style straight-stickfighting methods.
Photographs by Robert Kern.
The Tru-Grit, therefore, will cause the most double betting in blackjack lacerations when used in a hammer-fist blow.
The B-Lite's distributors say that the bluntly conical end- piece on their product will reduce lacerations.
They're right, but it will also increase the likelihood of, for instance, a depressed skull fracture when a hammer-fist blow is struck to the suspect's head.
The small end area focuses impact.
The Kel-Lite's design is probably the optimum, insofar as impact weapon capability is concerned.
This optional unit attaches to many of the other heavy duty flashlights as well.
It too has good and bad points.
The unconven- tional housing will certainly take a suspect by surprise, prevent- ing him from shielding his face against the CN spray.
This de- sign is also preferable to previous "tear-gas flashlights," which were designed to be activated while the flashlight was in a hori- zontal position.
In some of these units, residue from the carrier substance in the chemical mix would crystallize in the necessarily long plastic tube inside the flashlight, and after the first couple of "shots," the unit was likely to jam.
Since the Gem-Lite is op- erated in a vertical position via a conventional aerosol head, this malfunction is not likely to occur.
Other "combination" impact weapons will be discussed sep- arately in this book.
It is not wise to use conventional, light aluminum- or plastic- bodied flashlights as impact weapons.
Due to battery weight and hardness of the outside shell, injuries will be almost as severe, yet the unit is liable to break apart upon impact.
This creates its own problems: The officer is left in darkness, and the very fact that he hit the suspect hard enough to shatter the flashlight may, in the eyes of some courts, become clear evidence of a savagely vio- lent blow that constitutes excessive force.
Many police departments have made it quite clear to their of- ficers that, since the heavy-duty flashlight was not an issue impact weapon, or in most cases, even issue equipment, any lawsuits aris- ing from injuries inflicted with such weapons would be the officer's own problem, and that the department would not under- take the officer's legal defense in such a situation.
This is a precedent to be seriously considered by the officer who chooses to carry the heavy duty police flashlight as an implement of self- defense.
It appears, then, that the heavy duty flashlight should not be considered as a primary impact weapon.
Its sturdiness makes it excellent as a source of illumination for the patrolman or trooper; its design allows him to use it to block or jab in the Kubota style during a fight.
But the officer who uses it as a Nature of the Weapons 73 bludgeon does so at his own extreme risk, since it is likely that lie will not only injure the suspect severely but will not be backed up by his department in the event of excessive force charges and civil suits.
Handcuffs as Impact Weapons One of the first things every rookie policeman hears is "Never let go of those bracelets when you're cuffing a suspect, son.
If the guy gets loose, he'll rip your face off with a swing of that loose cuff.
The swinging motion of a loose handcuff is extremely destruc- Figure 37.
The proper method of holding handcuffs as makeshift impact weapons.
Punch to soft areas as the heavy, unshielded metal is likely to lacerate and to break bones, yet the impact will "penetrate" the heaviest muscles.
Officers are frequently assaulted as they move in to cuff suspect and holding the cuffs in this position during approach is sometimes a valuable technique.
If you do so, hold cuffs loosely so your preparedness to strike will not be readily perceived by the suspect.
When drawing handcuffs as improvised impact weapon, the tips of the fingers slide into the bracelets from the inside.
When cuffs are drawn, the third finger flips the body of cuffs hand strategy soft blackjack position as palm of hand closes.
The result is extremely effective "knucks.
An officer who draws his cuffs before being assaulted, with the intent of striking the suspect with them, will be open to charges of brutality.
This technique is shown only as a rapid and simple "last resort" for an officer who is being overwhelmed but doesn't wish to draw his gun.
Weapons tive; it acts like a miniature steel nunchaku.
Momentum of the swinging bracelet combines with the weight and hardness of the naked steel to create a severe injury, one that could be fatal if the blow is struck to the temple.
An open, saw-toothed cuff will cause severe lacerations or scoop an eyeball right out of its socket.
Regulation police handcuffs should not normally be considered impact weapons.
However, as with the sidearm and the flashlight, there may be moments when the officer will have to strike an op- ponent with something more potent than his bare fist, and he will have to strike that blow with whatever is in hand.
The nature of brawls involving officers are such that the policeman is frequent- ly attacked while attempting to manacle the suspect, and the cuffs are already in his hand.
The most effective way to use handcuffs for striking is as make- shift "knucks.
If the officer is holding the cuffs sideways that is, with the lock mechanism protruding from above his thumbfrontal im- pact may slam the bracelets shut, breaking his two fingers inside the cuff.
When this happens, the palm of the officer's hand may also be gouged by the saw-toothed edge of the handcuff's locking arm.
If he is holding the unit with the lock mechanism to the front, a lateral impact, as from a hooking punch, will lever the handcuffs back sharply enough to break or dislocate those two fingers.
For striking, the handcuffs should be held with the bracelets to- gether, with the index and middle fingers looped through the cuffs, and with the lock mechanism in the palm of the liand.
This precludes injury to the officer, yet reinforces his hand and focuses impact dramatically.
A punch delivered to a bony sur- face will probably cause a fracture; a blow to the softer body parts will usually be all the officer needs, since the narrow hard surface penetrates very deeply, on the same principle as a bare- handed punch with one knuckle extended.
This focusing is en- hanced when the cuffs are held properly for striking, since the forwardmost surface will be the raised edge of the joint on which the locking arm of the handcuff bracelet swings.
Nature of Lite Weapons 77 As with the flashlight, an officer using this unconventional "impact weapon" may run into trouble if litigation follows his striking the suspect.
Policemen put in that unenviable position usually wind up saying, "Your honor, he swung at me so fast that I counterpunched before I remembered I was holding the hand- cuffs.
Probably, though, a full beer bottle or a tire iron won't be right there, and even if they were and you used them, there might be someone on the civilian review board or elsewhere who would consider that to be a brutal barfiehters' tactic that here ban the user from wearing a badge.
There is one "weapon" you can carry constantly, in uniform and off duty, that no one will make you check whether you're going into a Maximum Security Prisoner Detention Room or through an air- port metal detector.
It's a simple, everyday instrument that per- forms a utilitarian function, and doubles as a savagely potent bludgeon.
Belt-slung Keyring Get a keyring like the Bianchi, which becomes an eight-inch leather strap which snap-loops over the belt.
One problem with the Bianchi, however, is that its quick-release keyring design may permit the heavy keyring to come loose and fly away after the first blow, leaving you weaponless.
Bucheimer Clark makes a unit more secure but not quite so flexible.
Put lots of keys on it, even the left-over spares for that auto you traded in five years ago.
They'll add weight and bulk.
Stagger the keys, one with the edge facing down, the next with the sharp edge facing up, etc.
You want three-quarters to a full pound of metal, or enough to occupy about three-quarters of the keyring.
A flick of the finger drops 'he snap-detaching- 'eyring learn more here the officer's palm, creating an extremely destructive makes!
To max ; : value, of- ficer sh- "Id turn opposite side to assailant as he s ,: r striking po.
The weight and hardness of the un- shielded metal delivers a crushing blow, and the sharp edges of the keys — which, if staggered, will be effective no matter which way the weapon is swung — cause large and bloody lacerations.
A strike to wrist or kneecap will numb the extremity and often break the bone, while a slash Figure 40.
Adaptation of Villari belt-fighting techniques for police officer.
Author has whipped dress belt from loops, wrapped non-buckle end securely around one hand, and grasped buckle in the other.
Holding it taut and vertical, a sharp swing deflects punch.
To use, hook the keyring strap over your belt, behind the hip, on your strong-hand side.
Sweep your hand upward to "draw," the edge of your palm or little finger breaking loose the retainer.
The weight of the keys will drop the strap into your waiting fingers.
Slash upward, or sideways.
Think of it as an extremely destructive makeshift blackjack, to be used for extreme emergencies only.
It will need a solid swing behind it to take effect, and range is short, so plan your strategy accordingly.
Keep your weak side toward your oncoming attacker, so he won't see you preparing to use it; surprise is https://n-club.info/blackjack/blackjack-promotions-email.html Nature of the Weapons 81 Figure 41b.
After deflecting a punch and stepping back, officer whips belt around suspect's wrist and tightens it.
Stepping back again, he pulls suspect off balance and counters with a sidekick to knee.
Let your attacker move in toward you, then slide your weak leg back as you strike.
This gives you better control and protection at this necessarily close range Fig.
Bell-Fighting The standard pants belt as opposed to the stiff 2 j4 inch gun- belt can be a formidable close-quarters weapon.
Quite apart from swinging it over your head and hitting your attacker with it, you can use this innocuous piece of dresswear to tie up, sub- due, disarm, or kill an attacker.
The policeman would do better to don a web belt with infinitely adjustable brass 82 Modern Police Impact Weapons Figure 42a.
A more destructive alternative technique is, after deflecting the punch, to step into the suspect and behind his shoulder and quickly loop the belt around his neck.
The advantages, apart from comfort, include flexibility, improved "drawing speed," greater momentum when the belt is swung overhead as a long-range impact weapon, and speed of handling in grappling maneuvers.
The swinging application is limited.
It has to be swung over the head to gain momentum and stay in motion for an accurate strike, and this means that you telegraph your blow as you wind it up; your opponent can judge what you'll do by your advance movement and have plenty of time to prepare himself for an Nature of the Weapons 83 Figure 42b.
The officer then draws noose tight.
Caution: This is a killing technique, to be used only when an otherwise unarmed officer is facing deadly danger.
Larynx may be seriously or fatally injured when full pressure is applied.
Officer may also bend forward, flipping suspect backwards over his shoulder, a movement that will almost certainly break the suspect's neck.
Note that belt fighting is a subtle technique and requires extensive practice to create the right timing.
Range is excellent, greater than any standard impact weapon because of the belt's length, but a wea- pon of great range is useless if the target can see it coming and defend against it.
A better approach is to use the type of belt-fighting technique taught by karate master Fred Villari.
The flexible belt is held in 84 Modern Police Imparl Weapons both hands, the buckle in one, and a turn of belt material around the other fist securing the loose end.
Held taut, this is an extremely effective block that can intercept punches, kicks, and some bludgeon attacks.
As you block a fist or foot, a flick of the wrist loops the belt around the suspect's forearm or ankle; you can now tighten the noose by snapping your hands outward, and then jerk him off balance and to the floor.
A variation is to loop the belt quickly around the neck of the attacker.
Slip in behind him on his open side, your back against his, and bend forward as if to "flip" him.
Holding this position, you can choke him unconscious; by completing the flip, if you don't let go of the belt, you can break his neck.
In this position, he can't reach you with hands or feet without a movement that will snap his own cervical spine.
Like the keychain, the belt can become an extremely effective makeshift defense weapon for the officer who must enter hostile environments while ostensibly "unarmed.
Caution: This technique was designed for military prisoners of war, with the thought in mind that the prisoner would be con- stantly at rifle- or bayonet-point.
A prisoner left unattended can wriggle out of this makeshift restraint.
An even more valuable attribute of the dress web belt for stan- dard police wear under the gunbelt is its adaptability, by virtue of the "infinite adjustment" feature, as a tourniquet.
The officer who suffers a hemorrhaging wound of an extremity can even ap- ply it to himself, using his continue reading stick — or, as a last resort, the barrel of his continue reading unloaded service revolver — to secure the tourniquet.
He should then lie down in such a way that the bulk of his body holds the stick and tourniquet in place, in case he passes out from hemorrhagic shock.
This will aid officers and am- bulance attendants, who may find him moments after he has passed out, and will help them in their first aid efforts.
It may literally save his life or limb, as it will guide his rescuers in mak- Nature of the Weapons 85 ing the medically delicate decision of leaving or loosening the tourniquet.
Bar fight Makeshifts Limit free blackjack online high officer may find himself in a barroom brawl after entering the scene, for one reason or another, without an impact weapon.
He doesn't feel warranted in using his handgun, but his fists alone may not be doing the job for him.
The same dilemma may confront the off-duty policeman at his neighborhood tavern on the wrong night.
Gin mills, happily, are full of weapons that a seasoned bar- fighter blackjack double down casino use to save wear and tear on his knuckles.
If there's a pool table there, make for it: not only will the table give you some protection from attack on one side, but the cue sticks are extremely effective.
Use baton- and bayonet-fighting tactics with a cue-stick; swinging the wide end baseball-bat-style delivers awe- some power, but it's the first thing your opponent will expect and prepare to defend against, or evade.
Don't neglect those heavy billiard balls.
When thrown they are brutal-hitting missiles, and when held in your fist like a roll of pennies, they give fight-stopping weight to your hands.
If you find yourself standing at the bar trying to talk a drunk into leaving peaceably, let your hand stray toward a beer bottle, preferably a full one, for the weight; one with the cap on is ideal if you can find it.
One of the most effective improvised weapons in the saloon en- vironment is the heavy cut glass beer mug.
If you have a choice, grab one that's full.
The mug, when grasped as if you were going to use it for its intended purpose, becomes a monstrously perfect set of "brass knuckles.
It will almost never break on impact; this means more broken bones but fewer lacerations, and less likelihood of injury to the hand of the man striking with it.
The full mug has two advantages: you can throw the contents into the face of your attacker or his accomplice, causing momen- tary disorientation and surprise; or you can punch with it full and let the weight of the liquid add to the effect of the blow.
In 86 Modern Police Impact Weapons the latter application, you'll get blackjack weapon history spray of liquid all over the place, but probably not enough in your eyes to disorient you.
It may, however, be hard to explain when you get back to head- quarters smelling like a brewery.
Maybe the watch commander will give you the rest of the evening off.
Never try to hit anyone with a cocktail or whiskey glass in your fist.
You'll wind up spilling a pint of blood on the barroom floor, and possibly severing tendons that will leave you permanently crippled.
A final consideration of the barroom environment comes when you have to go please click for source with one of its denizens up at the hardwood counter.
There are two techniques, taught by the late, notorious outlaw martial artist Count Dante John Keehanthat only work on opponents who are sitting on barstools.
Both are exceedingly simple.
One is a punch to the seated man's groin; since his weight and probably the back of the bar- stool prevent him from moving backward and rolling with the blow, shock effect is increased enormously.
A blow to the groin in stand-up free-fighting doesn't necessarily end the conflict, but this one usually does.
The second, like the first, is simplicity itself: as you approach the seated troublemaker, let one foot stray to the nearest leg of his barstool.
If he hassles you physically, grab him by the collar or stick your palm in his face, and push backward while your heel hooks the barstool out from under him.
The collar-hold is best, since it permits you to "let him down easy" without smash- ing his head against the floor, while leaving you in control of his movement and momentum.
If he falls free, he'll probably land in a tangle of stool legs, and any hostility that he still offers can be safely answered by fast footwork on the officer's part.
Several schools of thought have arisen about the use of impact weapons by the cop on the street.
Lamb's system is, by far, the most direct and the easiest to master; he considers it a re- fined yet simplified method.
Lamb joined the Boston force in 1959, working primarily night shifts on "the wagon.
If you check the records, you'll see that I probably sus- tained more injuries than any other patrolman on the force.
But when I went to the hospital, I usually took two or three with me.
The problem was that we, like virtually all American policemen, were being taught outmoded techniques of un- armed combat and baton use.
They worked great in the academy, but weren't practical for the street.
With the baton in particular, I quickly found that the standard, military style moves weren't practical.
I found myself having to hit a suspect more than I wanted to, because there was no other way to subdue him.
The Lamb Method was born in 1969.
Lamb, assigned to a riot detail, was confronted with a huge suspect.
When it was all over, Lamb went home, his mind filled with the thought, "There's got to be a better way.
If a five-year-old child can do it, what have we got?
His years of studying jiujitsu and aikido were called into play, as was his extensive experience on the street.
Through it all, Lamb was mindful of the fact that the average Boston patrol- man is not trained extensively in the fighting arts and is often older than the person he attempts to arrest, and perhaps not so strong or in as good physical shape.
What emerged was a fighting style equally adaptable to older and younger officers.
When going into a tight situation, the officer may draw his baton.
He folds his arms, so that the stick in his right hand is concealed be- hind his left tricep.
His arms are folded loosely, with the left hand lightly over the right bicep.
If a subject moves in on him, the officer takes a deep step back with his left leg.
His left hand rises off his bicep and goes into a block position, fingers open, about three inches from his left temple.
Properly executed, the officer's step back has turned his right side toward his opponent, so neither back nor front are of- fered as targets for blows.
The baton remains behind the left tricep.
If the subject continues to move forward, the officer slashes downward, toward the knees.
Bringing the baton across the body in this fashion greatly increases its momentum.
If the officer Two Classic Baton Approaches 89 Figure 43.
Arthur Lamb, one of the great masters of police baton training, demonstrates several of his principles with a single blow.
As suspect moves in, he has taken a deep step back with left leg, drawing suspect both off balance and into baton range.
It is virtually impossible for suspect to block this blow to the kneecap.
Baton is coming down from Lamb's left armpit out of a low- profile, folded arms position.
The other hand is up in a position that protects head or throat and can swing down to protect diaphragm or groin.
After the first or second blow, the officer will step back a few feet.
As Lamb puts it, this gives the suspect time "to reconsider his negative attitude.
A blow to the collarbone will probably break it.
This means that the man's arm and shoulder on that side will drop, causing great pain.
He will have to reach under his armpit with his good hand to try to pull his shoulder back into place to reduce the pain.
If he attempts to step for- ward, the broken bone ends will grate on each other, or tear into muscle tissue — nothing that could cause serious in- ternal bleeding, but something that will create extreme pain with each forward step.
At this point, he'll usually decide that he's had enough.
The kneecap blow, says Lamb, will seldom actually break the patella.
With a wooden baton, the kneecap won't break in nine out of ten strikes.
It will usually cause enough of a contusion that if the man tries to step forward, he will experience great pain, or his leg may give way from under him.
This is why I emphasize that the officer should step back after de- livering these blows.
It gives the attacker a moment to experi- ence the discomfort and realize that any further attack on the policeman will be fruitless.
This way, the officer con- vinces a suspect to give up after one or two blows, instead of having to beat him into submission by continuing the baton attack.
Another advantage of great day free blackjack method is that it is defensive, rather than offensive.
If media people are watching the confrontation and taking pictures, the officer appears to be moving backward under the opponent's attack, rather than charging in.
We've had cases where a demonstrator or rioter would punch the policeman in the face, and the officer would re- Two Classic Baton Approaches 91 spond with a baton blow.
When it was captured on film, the media people would delete the rioter's attack and just pic- ture the officer's response, making it look like he was attack- ing an innocent person with a club.
With my method, the officer's step backward forces the attacker to reach toward him, and it is at this point that he strikes with the stick.
This way, a TV camera can't show the officer's blow without also showing the suspect's attack, as well.
And the tactical advan- tage is that it pulls the suspect forward, off balance, in such a manner that you can evade his outstretched hands while he has at the same time brought his knees into reach of your baton.
This technique is phase one of the seven that Lamb teaches.
The others are primarily variations, i.
The Lamb method also has a modification of the standard FBI style riot formation.
The officers alternate between the method described above and the bayonetlike thrusting motion.
The cadre of officers walking forward and chanting "Move!
Hickory is a light-medi- um wood, giving very fast handling, yet is extremely durable.
I've seen them warp from being left in the sun in a patrol car, and I've seen them break when taken into a warm room after being out in the cold all night, and then rapped against something.
Second, I find them too heavy learn blackjack fast movement, at least for the majority of veteran officers.
The weight of the weapon controls you, rather than you controlling it.
There are no jabbing or thrusting techniques in the Lamb method.
He feels that they can be too dangerous, since they are directed toward potentially vulnerable points in the body.
Jabs to liver, kidneys, or groin may cause permanent injury.
The trouble is, someone who tries to grab a soldier's bayonet gets his hand cut off, but a violent suspect who grabs the front of a police baton carried in the same way can easily tie up the officer's arms, twist the weapon away, or turn it against the officer with a strike to groin or head.
You don't turn it around in your hand and hit people with it.
It's the same with the baton: its pur- pose is to strike blows, not to try to wrap people's arms around.
Most grappling techniques leave the officer dangerously open.
I teach my men to do their come-alongs and hold-downs with their hands, not with sticks.
That's a hold-over from the military baton tactics.
You needed something wrapped around your hand so that when you jabbed into some's midriff, your hand wouldn't slide for- ward over the instrument.
Some officers think they need it to keep hold of their baton, but if they use my method, no- body is going to get their hands on it to take it away.
The strap can catch on things: more than one officer has been hurt because he reached for his baton when attacked, only learn more here find that it was hanging by its strap on the door handle of his car a block away.
And too many officers develop the habit of tying the strap to their baton ring.
What are they going Two Classic Baton Approaches 93 to do when someone throws a punch at them?
Say, "Wait a second, I have to untie this leather thong here"?
I asked Lamb about some of the other police impact weapons that are coming into vogue.
Nunchakus, which some police are authorized to carry, are definitely not suitable for police.
They are too violent, and too hard to master.
The average police officer would have a very difficult time learning to control a set of nunchuks.
The yawara sticks, or "judo sticks" or "persuaders," are again a martial arts weapon designed to kill or maim rather than to control and subdue.
They work best when striking to the vital parts of the body.
I was taught to use a yawara by in- serting it into my attacker's mouth and twisting, thus ripping out the entire inside of his mouth.
Also, some judo sticks have sharp ends to prevent their being taken away from the officer and can therefore cause severe lacerations when you hit someone with them.
It is great for come-alongs, but I don't think come-alongs are the province of the police baton.
Loaded sap gloves are prohibited in many departments.
They work best if a man is using a two-handed FBI-style baton technique, because they prevent his hand from being damaged if the suspect strikes at the baton with a bludgeon.
However, one of the basic principles that I teach is that the baton is only for unarmed subjects.
If the attacker has a weapon, the officer should use his firearm.
The officer who thinks he can disarm a knife-man with a baton is kidding himself.
With all my training in the baton and the martial arts, I can take a knife away nine out of ten times in the gym.
But that tenth time, I'll be killed.
We have the heavy-duty flashlights being quasi-accepted as batons, and the nightsticks with Mace, and all that, but I think that gets away from the basic purpose of the police baton: to strike an unarmed person attacking a police officer, 94 Modern Police Impact Weapons and to do so in a manner that stops the all blackjack payout table right! without seri- ously blackjack weapon history the suspect.
Lamb emphasizes that an officer using a stick or club should always avoid going to the head.
I've trained over 200 police world series of blackjack season 1, comprising over ten thousand men.
In every class, I ask the officers if they've ever seen a subject subdued with one blow to the head.
None of them ever have.
What you're doing when you hit a man in the head is first, creating a serious danger of death, and second, you're numbing the one part of the body that can stop him.
If you use my method with one or two strikes and step back, blackjack weapon history realizes that the thing click the following article gone against him, and the confrontation is over.
But if you hit him in the head and put him into a state of shock where he is almost im- mune to pain, and now enraged beyond reason, the only thing left for you to do is beat him into the ground.
This is why so many police brutality charges came about when ba- tons were used the old-fashioned way.
Lamb has made a training film in which a police surgeon states that the blows taught in the Lamb method are the most humane.
It is useful in courtrooms, and Lamb is available to testify as an expert witness for any officer using his method who is accused of excessive force.
Integral to the Lamb method is a quick-release baton holder of his own design.
The method can be learned quickly.
A three-hour lecture on baton handling, including films, followed by a one-hour workout usually leaves the officer capable of defending himself well with his baton.
It is particularly suited to in-service training of vet- eran officers, since it does not require a young man's strength or agility Lamb is 42, which he states is the average age of Boston policemenand because of the short time needed to master the few moves.
Sophisticated methods like those taught to LAPD- men take many hours of basic training with frequent refreshers.
Lamb may not be teaching much longer.
I'm thinking of transferring back to the street.
THE "LAPD" METHOD The so-called "LAPD" method encompasses the techniques of two of that department's baton instructors, Robert Koga and Takayuki Kubota, both highly accomplished martial artists with extensive background in large-scale police training.
The Koga and Kubota methods are quite similar.
Both empha- size one- and two-handed jabbing techniques, and the employ- ment of the baton for armlocks, come-alongs, and other grap- pling maneuvers.
They also share the fact that they're built around the "LAPD Figure 44.
Koga- and Kubota-style draw-toa-strike is swift, natural, and powerful, though not as potent as some other jabs with the straight stick.
This basic technique should be a part of every officer's repertoire of stick- fighting techniques.
Also emphasized is the draw with the weak hand for instant access.
Both are predicated on extensive training with frequent refreshers; Los Angeles Police Department, always in the vanguard of progressive law enforcement, has one of the best and most intensive baton training programs in the world, both basic and in-service.
The LAPD system has many good points: blocking techniques that reinforce the arm and may be applied quickly and instinc- tively with one hand see Fig.
Included in the basic straight-stick repertoire is a draw-to-a-block from the weak hand side.
Two Classic Baton Approaches «»7 A trademark of Kubota in particular is what I call the "under- hand flip.
There is little impetus but the weight of the light stick itself and the officer's wrist action.
A deliberately "weak" technique, it will stun when delivered to the groin, without crushing or tearing tissue and leaving the suspect sexually crippled or in danger of death from traumatic shock.
However, because the flip causes the weapon to strike at a mo- ment when it is held only between thumb and forefinger, it can be dangerous for an officer who is not highly skilled and prac- ticed with this technique.
If the blow misses, the stick can easily be torn away from the policeman; a forceful flip with a heavy plastic baton may cause the stick to fly out of the hand by its own momentum.
This aspect of the LAPD technique should be used Figure 46.
Basic two-hand thrust with straight stick can be done bayonet-style as shown or with a "pool-cue" motion.
The latter technique has greater speed and quicker recovery but less impact.
The underhand flip, in close quarters, is visible only to the combatants, one aspect of the system's low profile.
Another is that the one-handed jab — in which only a small portion of the stick extends outward from the officer's hands, the rest being un- der the forearm, reinforcing both the limb and the blow — to many observers will look like a simple jab of the hand rather than the blow of a "club" see Fig.
The one-handed jabs of Kubota and Koga are the most effec- tive that can be used with the straight stick, exceeded only by the short jab with the Prosecutor.
While a one-handed jab delivered with a standard nightstick held at the knurled base-end can easily injure the officer's wrist upon impact, due to the violent shock when the stick meets resistance, this is unlikely with the LAPD jab, and force is magnified by the fact that the stick is rein- forced by the forearm.
This also causes the blow to "penetrate" much more effectively.
Leverage is equally enhanced with the two-handed techniques of the LAPD system, especially those used in very close quarters, with the officer's elbows close to his body Fig.
Kubota's backward strike against an attack from the rear is one of the most potent blows in stickfighting Fig.
Kubota's book {Baton Techniques and Training, Springfield, Thomas, 1974 shows many techniques that are potentially fatal, and therefore should be used cautious- ly.
Many of his techniques for arm restraint are for "experts only" in that they require hand positions to be changed frequent- ly on the stick, something that demands finely honed timing and deep experience.
Any attempt click here pin a suspect's arm with a baton- lock should be undertaken only when the suspect has been caught by surprise, or his arm numbed by a blow of the stick.
Tak Kubota can easily tie up an able-bodied man in a baton hold — but Tak Kubota is a karate professional and baton instructor.
None but the most highly stick-trained street policeman could remotely hope to equal him.
Footwork is emphasized heavily in the LAPD system.
This is Figure 47.
One advantage of the standard baton ring is that when attacked from behind the officer can deliver extremely powerful two-hand jab to as- sailant's midsection without removing stick from belt.


Sap, Blackjack and Slungshot History: "Frontier Pal" (by Green Man Leather)


100 101 102 103 104

The Slapjack & Blackjack Self Defense Weapon have had a significant place in the history of personal protection. Although mostly replaced by the billy club, the ...


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