$2,000 FREE on your first deposit*Please note: this bonus offer is for members of the VIP player's club only and it's free to joinJust a click to Join!
Exclusive VIPSpecial offer

šŸ– 2019-20 NBA Win Total Tracker: How All 30 Teams Are Progressing | The Action Network

Accept. 2020 2020 act of gambling act 34 remote apologise, but, opinion
  • Licensed and certified online casino
  • 97% payout rates and higher
  • Players welcome!
  • 100% safe and secure
  • Exclusive member's-only bonus

Remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020

Sign-up for real money play!Open Account and Start Playing for Real

Free play here on endless game variations of the Wheel of Fortune slots

  • Wheel Of Fortune Triple Extreme SpinWheel Of Fortune Triple Extreme Spin
  • Wheel of CashWheel of Cash
  • Wheel of Fortune HollywoodWheel of Fortune Hollywood
  • Fortune CookieFortune Cookie
  • Wheel of WealthWheel of Wealth
  • Spectacular wheel of wealthSpectacular wheel of wealth

Play slots for real money

  1. Start playingClaim your free deposit bonus cash and start winning today!
  2. Open accountComplete easy registration at a secure online casino website.
  3. Make depositDeposit money using any of your preferred deposit methods.
Register with the Casino

VIP Players Club

Join the VIP club to access members-only benefits.Join the club to receive:
  • Exclusive bonuses
  • Monthly drawings
  • Loyalty rewards
  • Unlimited free play
  • Slot tournaments
Join the Club!

media, online gambling and other gambling service providers. Jamie's.... in 2020) and WA (where lotteries are owned and operated by the. State), the expiry dates.... (Ratification) Law of 2003 (L. 34(III)/2003). (e) CertainĀ ... Click to Play!

media, online gambling and other gambling service providers. Jamie's.... in 2020) and WA (where lotteries are owned and operated by the. State), the expiry dates.... (Ratification) Law of 2003 (L. 34(III)/2003). (e) CertainĀ ... Click to Play!

The introduction of the Netherlands new Remote Gambling Act could be delayed again after politicians ask for more time to debate the bill. Click to Play!

Greece extends OPAP's online betting monopoly until 2020,. Power following passage of the 2011 Gambling Act. These operators were. ahead of the government's sale of all but a pittance of its 34% stake in the company. Click to Play!


2019-20 NBA Win Total Tracker: How All 30 Teams Are Progressing | The Action Network


Each Article of the New Jersey Casino Control Act can be viewed here in two formats, as a. Casino Control Commission and Division of Gaming Enforcement:Ā ...
AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 2020 FOR THE.... for the indigent mentally ill established under section 34E of chapter 221 of the.... from the State Lottery and Gaming Fund, established in section 35 of chapter.... transactions processed through its online licensing and registration systems;Ā ...
2019-2020 Pennsylvania Regular Session legislation available for tracking.. SB733, Pass, An Act providing for the Pennsylvania Gaming Economic Development and. An Act amending Title 34 (Game) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes,. providing for online training for firefighters; and making a related repeal.


Bro, Gaming On YOUTUBE Is DEAD IN 2020 - You Can Thank COPPA!


230 ILCS 40/ Video Gaming Act. Remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020


Online Gambling Market in the US to Exceed USD 4 Billion by 2020, Reports. Gambling and Enforcement Act, which outlawed all forms of online gambling.. years, whereas the average age of an online gambler is 34 years.
The three acts apply to both land-based and online gambling.. The Gaming Scheme Act and the Totalisator Act give the following operators exclusive... The amendments come into force on 1 January 2020... among other things, the Court of Justice's joined cases C-34/95, C-35/95 and C-36/95 DeĀ ...
Each Article of the New Jersey Casino Control Act can be viewed here in two formats, as a. Casino Control Commission and Division of Gaming Enforcement:Ā ...



230 ILCS 40/ Video Gaming Act.


remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020
2019-2020 Pennsylvania Regular Session legislation available for tracking.. SB733, Pass, An Act providing for the Pennsylvania Gaming Economic Development and. An Act amending Title 34 (Game) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes,. providing for online training for firefighters; and making a related repeal.
Any U.S. state that wishes can now offer legalized sports betting.. Tom Wolf signed a new sports betting bill as part of a broad legislation push that included online. Lottery Amendment Act of 2018 became effective as of May 3, 2019.. of sports betting through licensed casinos" as early as May 2020.

remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020 GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 36-532 WASHINGTON : 2019 COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES JAMES M.
INHOFE, Oklahoma, Chairman ROGER F.
WICKER, Mississippi JACK REED, Rhode Island DEB FISCHER, Nebraska JEANNE SHAHEEN, New Hampshire TOM COTTON, Arkansas KIRSTEN E.
GILLIBRAND, New York MIKE ROUNDS, South Dakota RICHARD BLUMENTHAL, Connecticut JONI ERNST, Iowa MAZIE K.
HIRONO, Hawaii THOM TILLIS, North Carolina TIM KAINE, Virginia DAN SULLIVAN, Alaska ANGUS S.
PETERS, Michigan RICK SCOTT, Florida JOE MANCHIN, West Virginia MARSHA BLACKBURN, Tennessee TAMMY DUCKWORTH, Illinois JOSH HAWLEY, Missouri DOUG JONES, Alabama John Bonsell, Staff Director Elizabeth L.
King, Minority Staff Director II C O N T E N T S ---------- REPORT TO ACCOMPANY S.
Marine Corps Additive Manufacturing Logistics Software Pilot Program.
Duffy for acts of valor in Vietnam sec.
Bill and Department of Defense-funded tuition assistance.
Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine sec.
McCain Defense Fellows Program sec.
Lovell Health Care Center, Illinois sec.
Robinson, Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery sec.
PURPOSE OF THE BILL This bill would: 1 Authorize appropriations for a procurement, b research, development, test and evaluation, c operation and maintenance and the revolving and management funds of the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020; 2 Authorize the personnel end strengths for each military active duty component of the Armed Forces for fiscal year 2020; 3 Authorize the personnel end strengths for the Selected Reserve of each of the reserve components of the Armed Forces for fiscal year something casino pier 2020 new rides would 4 Impose certain reporting requirements; 5 Impose certain limitations with regard to specific procurement and research, development, test and evaluation actions and manpower strengths; provide certain additional legislative authority, and make certain changes to existing law; 6 Authorize appropriations for military construction programs of the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020; and 7 Authorize appropriations for national security programs of the Department of Energy for fiscal year 2020.
This annual legislation authorizes funding and provides authorities for the U.
On May 22, 2019, the Senate Armed Services Committee voted overwhelmingly, 25-2, to advance the National Defense Authorization Act of Fiscal Year 2020 to the Senate floor and keep our troops safe.
The committee takes seriously its obligation to national security as well as to our men and women in uniform and their families, who represent the best of our country.
The NDAA acknowledges their service and sacrifice, and seeks to improve the quality of life for those who serve.
The committee believes this authorization is necessary to implement the 2018 National Defense Strategy NDS and to compete, deter, and win in an era of long-term strategic competition.
The committee markup: Authorizes critical funding for the Department of Defense DOD to provide resources needed by combatant commands to implement the 2018 NDS and compete, deter, and win in an era of long-term strategic competition.
Ensures the Military Services have the personnel, equipment, training, and organizational structure to accelerate measurable readiness recovery across the full range of assigned missions.
Ensures the long-term viability of the all- volunteer force by improving the quality click to see more life of the men and women of the total force Active Duty, National Guard, and Reserveand their families, including by reforming privatized on-base housing.
Maintains maritime and air superiority by focusing on continuous fifth generation procurement growth, increasing the procurement of advanced munitions, and addressing critical deficiencies in land forces, especially long-range precision fires and air and missile defense.
Augments the capability of the U.
Armed Forces and the security forces of allied and friendly nations to counter and defeat near-peer adversaries, violent extremist organizations, and other shared threats to regional security, U.
Enhances deterrence by recapitalizing and modernizing the U.
Drives DOD investment in next-generation operational capabilities and advanced technologies that will ensure U.
Improves the ability of our Armed Forces to counter threats and promote U.
Implements robust oversight of past year's reforms of acquisition enterprise organizations, policies, and programs, while authorizing more diverse and flexible contracting approaches that enable timely contract awards.
Preamble to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 The world is more unstable and dangerous than it has been in recent memory.
Our margin of military supremacy has eroded and is undermined by new threats from strategic competitors like China and Russia.
At the same time, we are confronting persistent threats from North Korea, Iran, and terrorist organizations.
Rapid technological advances have fundamentally altered the nature of warfare, and years of sustained armed conflict, underfunding, and budgetary instability have harmed our military readiness and dulled our combat edge.
Our Congressional duty to provide for the security of our nation, protect our values, and support those who defend them is all the more important as the tide of war has risen rather than receded.
We must pivot to meet the needs of a nation increasingly at risk.
The National Defense Strategy NDS and the NDS Commission report established a comprehensive roadmap to bolster our national security in light of this new challenge of strategic competition.
Last year's defense authorization legislation, the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, was the first NDAA to support the implementation of this strategy, resulting in gains in readiness and improved capabilities.
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 keeps our Armed Forces on that trajectory, and builds on the recognition of this new reality-strengthening our force, investing in innovation, and improving the combat effectiveness of the DOD.
The committee continues to prioritize the timely passage of this legislation and predictable funding, completing its work on the fiscal year 2020 NDAA just over two months after receiving the administration's budget request.
Our military leaders have repeatedly stated that stable, on-time, and adequate funding is key to implementing the recommendations of the NDS Commission report.
The report serves to provide sharp guideposts to outfitting our Armed Forces with the resources and authorities they need to advance U.
However, timely and sufficient funding alone will not fix all of our security problems.
We must establish clear priorities and reinforce them with strategic investments to pursue urgent change at significant scale.
Difficult choices must be made and priorities established, particularly related to roles and missions, force employment, and resource allocation.
With the NDS and NDS Commission Report as the framework, the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 advances the following priorities: 1 First, the NDAA invests in a lethal, ready all- volunteer force.
The committee's top priority remains supporting the 2.
The NDAA ensures that our warfighters will not only be equipped with the best equipment and munitions, but also that our military infrastructure supports the mission and a stable quality of life for service members and their families.
In particular, the bill profoundly changes how on-base privatized housing is managed, increasing accountability to our military families, and guaranteeing future economic viability for the program.
As critical initiatives, the legislation also increases employment opportunities for military spouses and improves the availability of child care on installations.
Our military superiority can no longer be taken for granted and is not guaranteed.
For too many years, we assumed our equipment was better than everyone else's-but it's simply not true.
Without increased investment, we risk falling behind, losing our ability to successfully deter aggression from strategic competitors, and inflicting lasting damage to our national security.
To meet urgent needs across operating domains, the NDAA aligns service resources with the NDS-continuing to rebuild readiness, optimizing the force for innovation and effectiveness, and re-establishing warfighting dominance.
Therefore, the NDAA authorizes investments in critical equipment, weapons, and missile defense platforms to improve munitions that enhance lethality.
It modernizes key capabilities and increases preparedness for war.
This includes maintaining a safe, secure, sustainable, and credible nuclear deterrent-updating and securing our stockpile and infrastructure to prevent nuclear warfare and ensure nuclear weapons do not end up in the hands of malign actors.
No one should doubt the capability or political will of the United States.
The NDAA passed by the committee drives innovation by authorizing funds and implementing policies to advance technology development and next-generation capabilities, including artificial intelligence, hypersonic weapons, and quantum computing.
These investments will ensure our military is not fighting tomorrow's wars with yesterday's weapons and equipment.
As the global security dynamics shift, warfare has also expanded to new frontiers.
To meet growing threats in the space domain, the NDAA establishes a U.
Space Force as a new component of the Air Force.
Our adversaries have Space Forces-- we are behind.
This new force will focus on cultivating a space warfighting ethos, unify command of space operations and activities, and improve acquisition policies for space programs and systems, Also a new frontier, the NDAA includes numerous provisions to advance the DOD's cybersecurity strategy and address our cyber warfighting capabilities.
To reinforce our military might, the NDAA supports programs and policies that will cultivate key alliances and partnerships.
These relationships will help maintain a favorable balance of power against near- peer adversaries and counter other growing threats.
The DOD's business operations provide the foundation for a responsive and innovative military.
Building upon several years of reform, the NDAA continues to streamline operations-continuing acquisition policy reform, recalibrating contract reform, and strengthening program oversight.
A more efficient bureaucracy will better utilize the full value of every taxpayer dollar spent on defense.
With the National Defense Strategy Commission Report as a framework, the Fiscal Year 2020 National Defense Authorization Act keeps our Armed Forces on the trajectory established last year-rebuilding readiness, improving lethality, investing in innovation, and reforming the DOD.
These efforts will reassert our quantitative and qualitative military advantage and revitalize American military power and supremacy in the new landscape of global competition.
BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT SEC.
The two tables preceding the detailed program adjustments in Division D of this bill summarize the direct discretionary authorizations in the committee recommendation and the equivalent budget authority levels for fiscal year 2020 defense programs.
The first table summarizes the committee's recommended discretionary authorizations by appropriation account for fiscal year 2020 and compares these amounts to the request.
The second table summarizes the total budget authority implication for national defense by including national defense funding for items that are not in the jurisdiction of the defense committees or are already authorized.
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS TITLE I--PROCUREMENT Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations Authorization of appropriations sec.
Subtitle B--Army Programs Sense of Senate on Army's approach to capability drops 1 and 2 of the Distributed Common Ground System-Army program sec.
Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain limitations related to Distributed Common Ground System-Army Increment 1 sec.
Capability drop one required over 12 months of processing time for approval.
These delays slow progress and ultimately degrade the warfighter's ability to analyze and act on time-sensitive intelligence.
Therefore, the committee recommends that the waiver authority be given to the Secretary of the Army casino com no deposit bonus codes 2020 faster processing and approval.
Subtitle C--Navy Programs Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne security barriers sec.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 to extend the prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne security barriers through fiscal year 2020 and would require the Secretary of the Navy to notify the congressional defense committees if exigent circumstances, under which an exception is granted, are deemed to exist.
Capabilities based assessment for naval vessels that carry fixed-wing aircraft sec.
The committee notes that the budget request's proposal to retire the USS Harry S.
Truman CVN-75 early would yield a force with 10 or fewer aircraft carriers for more than 20 years.
The budget request also includes a 7-year gap until the funding of the next amphibious assault ship, LHA-9, which will likely result in a production break.
The committee is concerned that both the CVN-75 and LHA-9 proposals are contrary to current Navy force structure requirements and will result in significant negative impacts for the shipbuilding industrial base.
We don't know the answers to that, but we're looking at those.
The committee believes that smaller aircraft carriers could both increase aircraft carrier capacity and provide a more efficient means to conduct a range of missions with lower sortie requirements, including support for amphibious operations.
Accordingly, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to consult the fleet architecture studies, as well as the report on alternative aircraft carrier options required by section 128 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 Public Law 114-92and initiate a capabilities-based assessment to begin the process of identifying requirements for the naval vessels that will carry fixed-wing aircraft following CVN-81 and LHA-9.
Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines sec.
The committee notes that cost limitation baselines for Ford-class aircraft carriers were first enacted in section 122 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 Public Law 109-364.
These cost limitation baselines have been amended in public law three times to account for cost estimate adjustments.
The committee believes that Ford-class cost limitation baselines should now be adjusted to reflect the Navy's latest cost estimates for each of the four ships in the class and that the cost limitation baseline for each such ship should be codified in title 10, United States Code, due to the long-term nature of aircraft carrier construction and the benefits of greater clarity in oversight requirements.
The provision therefore would: 1 Update the cost limitation baseline for each Ford-class aircraft carrier; 2 Require notification of the congressional defense committees at least 30 days prior to the Secretary of the Navy's adjusting a limitation amount; 3 Eliminate adjustments that would be based on non-recurring engineering changes that are no longer applicable; and 4 Eliminate reporting requirements related to CVN-79, which would be maintained elsewhere.
Design and construction of amphibious transport dock designated LPD-31 sec.
The committee notes that in testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee on April 7, 2019, the Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations supported incremental funding authority for LPD-31.
LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program sec.
The committee notes that in testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee on April 7, 2019, the Secretary of the Navy and Chief of Naval Operations supported incremental funding authority for LHA-9.
The provision would also repeal section 125 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 Public Law 109-364.
Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat Ship sec.
The committee notes that the Navy force structure assessment requirement and LCS acquisition strategy total procurement quantity of 32 LCSs was met in fiscal year 2018.
Three additional LCSs were authorized and appropriated https://n-club.info/2020/video-slots-bonus-codes-november-2020.html the Congress in fiscal year 2019.
Accordingly, the provision would require that, before further LCS procurement, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment certify to the congressional defense committees that such procurement: 1 Is in the national security interests of the United States; 2 Will not result in exceeding the low rate initial production quantity approved in the LCS acquisition strategy in effect at the time of the certification; and 3 Is necessary to maintain a full and open competition for the guided missile frigate FFG X with a single source award in fiscal year 2020.
Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface combatants sec.
The provision would also require that the final results of test programs of engineering development models or prototypes be incorporated into the Navy large surface combatant program prior to Milestone B approval.
Refueling and complex overhauls of the USS John C.
Stennis and USS Harry S.
Stennis CVN-74 and USS Harry S.
The provision would also authorize the use of incremental funding for a period not to exceed 6 years after advance procurement funds for each nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort are first obligated.
The funds we freed up from making these decisions are invested in the future force.
While recognizing the need to modernize the U.
Specifically, the committee is unaware of: a new joint warfighting plan that concluded that the Nation https://n-club.info/2020/slots-plus-no-deposit-bonus-codes-2020.html one fewer aircraft carrier; proven substitute capabilities for the combat power and reach of the Truman and its air wing; unmanned surface and undersea systems proven to be operationally effective and suitable in the threat environment; or a change in the Chief of Naval Operations' requirement for 12 aircraft carriers.
The committee is unclear as to how these savings compare to the development, procurement, and annual operating costs of the systems that are envisioned to provide equivalent or better capability as compared to the Truman and its air wing.
The committee is also unaware of the schedule necessary to field such systems.
The physical challenges of extended operations at sea across the spectrum of competition and conflict, the concepts of operations for these platforms, and the policy challenges associated with employing deadly force from autonomous vehicles must be well understood prior to replacing accountable battle force ships.
Report on carrier wing composition sec.
The provision would also require the Secretary to provide a briefing on the report no later than March 1, 2020, to the congressional defense committees.
Subtitle D--Air Force Programs Requirement to align Air Force fighter force structure with National Defense Strategy and reports sec.
The committee is concerned that the Air Force's current fighter force structure acquisition strategy does not comport with multiple reports required by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 nor the service's own stated requirements to meet the National Defense Strategy.
The provision would prohibit the Air Force's deviation from this strategy in its acquisition programs and related force structure until the Secretary of the Air Force receives a waiver and justification from the Secretary of Defense and until 30 days after notifying the congressional defense committees of the proposed deviation.
Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System sec.
The committee is encouraged by the ongoing efforts https://n-club.info/2020/cherry-gold-casino-no-deposit-bonus-codes-2020.html incorporate agile software development into the ALIS programs of record ALIS-next and Madhatter while also maintaining traditional development in order to avoid risk to the overall program timeline.
The provision would separate the budget lines and require a competitive analysis of the efforts between ALIS, ALIS-next, and Madhatter by the Secretary of Defense in order to evaluate transition opportunities and timelines.
Finally, the provision would direct the Secretary of the Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of the Air Force, to brief the congressional defense committees on the findings of the competitive analysis no later than September 30, 2020.
Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of JASSM-ER missiles sec.
The provision would require the Air Force to examine multiple multi-year contract scenarios, including one in which the Air Force would procure an annual quantity of 550 missiles for 5 years.
The committee notes that the Air Force requirement for the JASSM-ER has recently increased.
Further, the industrial base has recently expanded the capacity of its production facility to 550 missiles per year in order to meet the increased requirements of the Air Force.
The committee notes that multi-year contracts can provide significant cost savings and stability in funding over multiple years.
Therefore, the report would include assessments of the impacts on: the cost of the missile, the industrial base, the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile, and future development or modification requirements for the JASSM-ER.
Air Force aggressor squadron modernization sec.
Air Force plan for the Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding sec.
Military type certification for AT-6 and A-29 light attack experimentation aircraft sec.
Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters Limitation on availability of funds for communication systems lacking certain resiliency features sec.
The committee is concerned that, in the face of great power competition, the DOD has not assured servicemembers' ability to communicate and share data securely and consistently in a contested environment.
The committee defines these program resiliency requirements as features that: 1 Deny geo-location of a transmission that would allow enemy targeting of the force; 2 Securely communicate classified information in a jamming environment of like-echelon forces; and 3 Utilize a waveform that is made available in the DOD Waveform Information Repository.
The committee understands that there may click very limited cases where DOD communications equipment will be used to communicate in a garrison or peacetime situation and not in combat environments.
Therefore, the provision would allow the Secretaries of the military departments to waive the aforementioned requirements for a system with a certification that the system does not require resiliency due to its expected use.
F-35 sustainment cost sec.
The committee is concerned that the Department of Defense is making force structure decisions based on sustainment cost data that do not easily provide the user with valid comparable metrics.
Therefore, the requested information should compare, in an itemized format, the cost of legacy aircraft to that of the F- 35 program based on a standardized set of criteria.
The provision also requires the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment to: 1 Develop a plan for achieving significant reductions in the costs to operate and maintain the F-35 aircraft; 2 Submit a report on that plan; and 3 Provide quarterly updates on the progress of implementing the plan.
Economic order quantity contracting authority for F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program sec.
The committee supports the Department of Defense's planning for a multi-year procurement for production Lots 15, 16, and 17.
Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link requirement sec.
The committee is concerned that the standards set in the section 141 requirement do not keep pace with the current high threat environment and is thus out https://n-club.info/2020/new-slots-2020-no-deposit.html step with the National Defense Strategy.
The repeal would help the Services form an overall architecture for communications that is more resilient and allows for the inclusion and connection of manned and unmanned aircraft and weapons.
The committee notes that line number 2 of APA for the remainder of the future years defense program contains no funding for the program.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Army's efforts to modernize and equip both the active component and the Army National Guard with the most advanced and capable attack helicopters in support of the National Defense Strategy.
Consequently, the Army should field the Block IIIB aircraft as quickly as possible across the 24 attack battalions in the active component and the Army National Guard.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Army's efforts to field the most advanced and capable utility helicopters in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the utility helicopter industrial base and the dramatic downturn in production of UH-60M aircraft through the proposed future years defense program.
Further, the committee believes that the Army should take advantage of the current multiyear contract that will expire in fiscal year 2021 and more equitably distribute procurement to limit a steep production cut from fiscal year 2020 to fiscal year 2021.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Army's efforts to field the most advanced and capable utility helicopters for the Army National Guard in support of the National Defense Strategy.
As such, the Army should accelerate the conversion of Blackhawks to the upgraded V model, which provides enhanced situational awareness, as quickly as possible to optimize training and reduce operation and sustainment costs.
The committee notes that, while the Army in February 2019 issued a letter of intent to procure two batteries of Iron Dome to meet the requirement articulated in section 112 of the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 for an interim cruise missile defense capability, this decision was predicated on submission and approval of an above threshold reprogramming ATR by mid-April 2019.
Because of the delay in submission of the ATR to the congressional defense committees, the committee is concerned that the Army will be unable to meet the statutory requirement for interim base defense.
Therefore, the committee recommends a realignment that would support procurement of two Iron Dome batteries with fiscal year 2020 funds as well as a realignment elsewhere in this report of research, development, test, and evaluation funding to support the procurement.
The committee notes that, should the ATR be fully approved before the end of fiscal year 2019, this realignment would no longer be necessary.
Terminal High Altitude Area Defense Army procurement The budget request did not contain any funding in Missile Procurement, Army, for the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense THAAD system.
Elsewhere in this report, the committee has stated its views regarding the transition of the THAAD program from the Missile Defense Agency to the Department of the Army.
The committee acknowledges the need to increase Stryker lethality with a 30mm gun in order to improve standoff and survivability and retain overmatch in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee strongly supports the Bradley A4 upgrade program, which is essential to ensure that the armored brigade combat team remains relevant for the next 3 decades.
However, the committee notes that, according to budget documents provided by the Department of the Army, the program is historically under-executing.
The M1A2 SEPv3 program is vital to the lethality and survivability of the Army's armored brigade combat team.
The M1A2 SEPv3 incorporates multiple improvements such as: turret and hull armor upgrades for enhanced crew survivability; the Total Integrated Engine Revitalization program and upgraded transmission for improved power pack reliability and durability; improved computer systems including microprocessors, color flat panel displays, and memory capacity; and Block 1 second generation Forward Looking Infra- Red technology.
The committee strongly supports the Abrams Upgrade Program and its alignment to the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee believes that funding could be better balanced throughout the future years defense program to reduce industrial base turbulence.
The JLTV is capable of performing multiple mission roles and is designed to provide protected, sustained, and networked mobility for personnel and payloads across the full range of military operations.
However, the committee believes that the Army should make a full rate production decision as soon as possible.
The committee acknowledges the need to improve current radar systems with gallium-nitride technology to extend the range capabilities for indirect fire units in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee is concerned about unjustified cost growth and poor business process reengineering.
The committee remains concerned about duplication among the Services in contract writing systems.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Navy's and Marine Corps' efforts to modernize and equip themselves with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Naval Operations has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Marine Corps' efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Marine Corps has placed additional aircraft on its unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Department of Defense's efforts to increase adversary air training capacity for the Navy and Marine Corps.
However, the committee is concerned that the purchase of used third generation aircraft will not address the advanced training requirements laid out in the National Defense Strategy and could be met by the continued use of contracted adversary and close air support.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Navy's and Marine Corps' efforts to modernize and equip themselves with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Naval Operations has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Navy's and Marine Corps' efforts to modernize and equip themselves with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Naval Operations has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority https://n-club.info/2020/slot-casino-2020.html />The committee recognizes the importance of the Marine Corps' efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Marine Corps has placed an additional engine on its unfunded priority list.
Tomahawk The budget request included no funding in line number 3 of Weapons Procurement, Navy WPNfor Tomahawk.
The committee notes that the Department of the Navy's original plan was to re-certify the existing inventory of Tomahawk missiles.
Despite investment to facilitate the production line's transitioning from production to re- certification, the Navy is now requesting to re-start the Tomahawk production line.
The committee is concerned that this reversal in acquisition strategy does not have a thorough plan or requirement.
LCS Over-the-Horizon missile The budget request included no funding in line number 19 of Weapons Procurement, Navy WPNfor the Littoral Combat Ship LCS Over-the-Horizon OTH Missile.
The committee notes that the OTH missile acquisition strategy is accelerated and contains unnecessary risk.
MK-48 torpedo The budget request included no funding in line number 29 of Weapons Procurement, Navy WPNfor the MK-48 Torpedo.
The Chief of Naval Operations' unfunded priorities list requested an increase in procurement by 13 torpedoes to maximize the production line.
The committee believes that expanding the capabilities of the second- and third-tier contractors in the submarine industrial base should lead to greater cost savings and improved efficiency as production increases to meet the Columbia-class procurement schedule and higher requirement for Virginia-class attack submarines in the Navy's latest Force Structure Assessment.
The committee notes that the budget request includes some funding for submarine industrial base expansion to ensure that second- and third-tier contractors are able to meet increased production requirements.
The committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to notify the congressional defense committees, in writing, within 30 days of obligating funds provided for submarine industrial base expansion.
The notification shall include: obligation date, contractor name or names, location, description of the shortfall to be addressed, actions to be undertaken, desired end state, usable end items to be procured, period of performance, dollar amount, projected associated savings including business case analysis if applicable, contract name, and contract number.
The committee notes that the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115- 232 authorized the aircraft carrier designated CVN-81.
Therefore, the committee recommends a quantity decrease from 1 to 0 in line number 2 of SCN for the carrier replacement program.
The committee notes that the typical procurement funding profile for Virginia-class submarines consists of 2 years of advance procurement followed by 1 year of full funding procurement.
Based partially on this funding approach, SSN- 812 is scheduled to be delivered after the 2 submarines planned to be procured in fiscal year 2023, requiring, in effect, 3 years of advance procurement and 1 year of full funding.
The committee is concerned that the budget request for SSN- 812 is significantly underfunded, departs from the traditional funding profile for attack submarines, may include a significant design change not reviewed as part of this budget request, and does not account for the effect of SSN-812's increased demand on critical suppliers already struggling to meet existing Navy procurement plans.
Accordingly, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit an updated SSN-812 acquisition strategy to the congressional defense committees concurrent with the Navy's fiscal year 2021 budget request.
This strategy shall include an updated Component Cost Estimate, design changes that depart from the Block V Virginia-class submarine design, and an assessment of the effect SSN-812 will have on critical suppliers.
Additionally, the committee is concerned that the budget request's proposal to remove the Virginia Payload Module VPM from SSN-804 would introduce excessive operational and acquisition risk as the Navy seeks to replace the strike capacity of the retiring Ohio-class guided missile submarines with VPM on Virginia-class submarines.
The committee notes that attack submarines provide critical capabilities necessary to execute the National Defense Strategy.
The committee is concerned that, under current plans, the Navy will not meet its requirement of 66 attack submarines until fiscal year 2048.
Refueling and complex overhaul advance procurement The budget request included no funding in line number 6 of Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy SCNfor refueling and complex overhaul RCOH advance procurement.
The committee does not support the budget request's proposal to not refuel the USS Harry S.
The committee notes that the budget request includes procurement of three Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, which is one additional destroyer in fiscal year 2020 as compared to last year's request.
The committee has not received sufficient justification for the unit cost increases of the fiscal year 2020 destroyers, as compared to last year's request.
In addition, the committee notes that this program has available prior years funds, which are excess to need.
The committee notes that the Navy future years defense program includes procurement click the following article two Arleigh Burke-class destroyers in fiscal year 2021, which would be procured using a multiyear procurement contract.
The committee understands that advance procurement of long lead time material could reduce component costs and enable optimal ship construction intervals.
LPD-class amphibious transport ship The budget request included no funding in line number 12 of Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy SCNfor procurement of LPD Flight II-class amphibious transport ships.
The committee notes that the Navy has identified LPD-30, which was authorized and appropriated in fiscal year 2018, as the first Flight II LPD.
In the fiscal year 2019 budget request, the Navy planned to procure the next Flight II LPD, LPD-31, in fiscal year 2020.
The committee is concerned that the fiscal year 2020 budget request's delay of procurement of LPD-31 to fiscal year 2021 could result in production inefficiency, increased cost, and delay in reaching the Navy's requirement for 38 amphibious ships.
Consistent with the budget request, the committee expects the Navy to request the balance of costs for LPD-31 in fiscal year 2021.
The committee recommends transferring the funds requested in line number 13 of SCN to line number 12 of SCN to support incremental funding of the amphibious transport ship designated LPD-31.
LHA replacement amphibious assault ship The budget request included no funding in line number 15 of Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy SCNfor procurement of LHA replacement amphibious assault ships.
The committee remains concerned with the Navy procurement profile for large deck amphibious assault ships, which includes a span of 7 years until the next large deck amphibious assault ship LHA-9 would be procured in fiscal year 2024.
The committee notes that efficiencies could be gained by reducing this span, including steadier workflow with an increased learning curve, material and equipment suppliers with more predictable delivery contracts, and a more effective continuous improvement schedule.
In order to increase training opportunities for Surface Warfare Officer candidates from all accession sources, the committee believes that the Navy should replace the six YP-676 class craft slated for disposal with upgraded YP-703 class craft that incorporate modernization, training, and habitability improvements derived from lessons learned with existing YP-703 craft.
The committee urges the Secretary of the Navy to release a request for proposals for the detail design and construction of upgraded YP-703 class craft not later than fiscal year 2020.
The committee notes that the Chief of Naval Operations' unfunded priority list states that additional funding could provide for the conversion of an Expeditionary Fast Transport T-EPF 14 into an Expeditionary Medical Transport to better fulfill distributed maritime medical requirements.
Ship to shore connector advance procurement The budget request included no funding in line number 29 of Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy SCNfor ship to click at this page connector advance procurement.
The committee understands that additional funding could provide needed stability for certain suppliers in the ship to shore connector program.
The committee notes that the Chief of Naval Operations' unfunded priority list states that additional funding could provide for reliability upgrades to the Integrated Bridge and Navigation and associated systems, including the addition of physical throttles to the ship control console, a voyage data recorder, and software upgrades to the steering and propulsion control system.
The committee notes that the Mark 18 unmanned underwater vehicle UUV program is proven and remains the only mine countermeasures MCM UUV program with Milestone C approval and in full rate production.
Additionally, the committee understands that the Navy has a validated need for eight additional expeditionary MCM ExMCM companies beyond the eight remarkable, illinois gambling expansion 2020 variant outfitted.
The committee notes that the Navy is requesting funding to purchase equipment that has not yet undergone operational testing, which is an approach that, as the Government Accountability Office has shown, leads to cost growth and schedule delays.
The committee believes that the following requested systems would constitute excessive procurement ahead of satisfactory testing: 6 unmanned surface vehicle and minesweeping payload delivery systems, 4 minehunting payload delivery systems new3 minehunting payload delivery systems backfitand 2 buried minehunting modules, including support equipment.
The committee notes that the two Knifefish systems which are to be procured with this funding require further testing, including the initial operational test and evaluation period that is currently scheduled for fiscal year 2021.
The committee notes that procurement of at least two of the three Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program Block 3 units is early-to-need based on the Navy's installation plan.
The committee notes that the Chief of Naval Operations' unfunded priority list states that additional funding could provide for expansion of ship's signal exploitation space and installation of ship's signal exploitation equipment modifications on Flight I Arleigh Burke-class destroyers.
The committee notes that procurement of 28 Next Generation Surface Search Radars is early-to-need based on the Navy's installation plan.
The committee notes that greater-than-expected sonobuoy expenditures in fiscal year 2019 resulted in the Chief of Naval Operations' casino free 2020 calendar procurement of additional sonobuoys as a fiscal year 2020 unfunded priority.
The committee remains concerned about unnecessarily bespoke contract writing systems and processes.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Staff of the Air Force has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Staff of the Air Force has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize its aging air superiority fighters.
The committee also understands that the use of existing non- developmental aircraft already in inventory allows for the continued readiness of current F-15 squadrons.
However, the committee is concerned that the associated non-recurring engineering costs, as programmed, are above what should be for a non-developmental aircraft.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's list atlantic city casino by december to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of tanker aircraft and understands that the Chief of Staff of the Air Force has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force efforts to modernize the legacy 4th generation fleet in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee also understands the Air Force's intention to recapitalize the F-15 fleet with new F-15X aircraft.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force efforts to modernize the legacy fourth generation fleet in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee also understands the Air Force's intention to recapitalize the F-15 fleet with new F-15X aircraft.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force efforts to modernize the legacy fourth generation fleet in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee also understands the Air Force's intention to recapitalize the F-15 fleet with new F-15X aircraft.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force efforts to modernize the legacy 4th generation fleet in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee also understands the Air Force's intention to recapitalize the F-15 fleet with new F-15X aircraft.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize its fourth generation fighter fleet and equip itself with the most advanced and capable radars in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of advanced radars for the entire F-16 fleet.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize and equip itself with the commit jacksonville poker run 2020 remarkable advanced electronic warfare capability available in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee also understands the Air Force's intention to recapitalize the F-15 fleet with new F-15X aircraft already equipped with the EPAWSS.
The committee notes that command and control nodes are at a significant disadvantage due to aging communications.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of procurement of fifth generation aircraft and understands that the Chief of Staff of the Air Force has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Air Force's efforts to modernize and equip itself with the most advanced and capable aircraft in support of the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of apologise, all free 2020 slots remarkable of tanker aircraft and understands that the Chief of Staff of the Air Force has placed additional aircraft on his unfunded priority list.
The committee is concerned about the quantity and timing of spare parts for the RQ-4.
The committee supports the request of the Air Force to re- align certain funds from other projects to support implementation of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Crypto Upgrade II program.
The committee supports the request of the Air Force to re- align certain funds from the Support Equipment sub-project to support other Air Force nuclear priorities.
The committee recognizes the importance of modernizing USAF training ranges for 5th generation aircraft.
The committee notes that 35 percent of the current F-35A training curriculum requires pilot training scenarios involving use of joint threat emitters JTEs in order to simulate combat-like training conditions.
The committee is concerned about poor agile implementation and infrequent capability delivery.
The committee included a provision in the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 that required the Secretary of Defense to transfer the operations and maintenance for the Sharkseer cybersecurity program from the National Security Agency to the Defense Information Systems Agency.
Elsewhere in this report, the committee has stated its views regarding the transition of the THAAD program from the MDA to the Department of the Army.
The committee included a provision in the John Click to see more />McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 that required the Secretary of Defense to transfer the operations and maintenance for the Sharkseer cybersecurity program from the National Security Agency to the Defense Information Systems Agency.
The committee understands that the RFCM program is experiencing schedule delays due to integration and compatibility issues with the technology.
The committee notes that, remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020 in the Act, there is a symmetric increase to U.
Special Operations Command's future vertical lift research and development efforts, a high priority unfunded requirement identified by the command.
The committee believes that OCO for Base funding should be transferred into the base accounts.
Items of Special Interest A-10 modernization The committee is encouraged that the Air Force is executing a modernization strategy to provide unmatched air power and believes that modernizing the A-10 fleet is integral to this strategy.
The committee also believes that upgrades to weapons delivery, management systems, and the electronic warfare and communications suite that keep pace with threat advancements and proliferation are critical to the continued success of the weapons system.
The committee notes that these enhancements and the aircraft wing replacements will maintain the effectiveness of the A-10C through the 2030s.
Therefore, the committee recommends that continuous funding for the modernization of the A-10C be provided from fiscal year 2020 through fiscal year 2030 in order to achieve upgrades that are long overdue.
The committee believes that such an approach for LHA-9 and LHA-10 could provide substantial cost savings as well as needed stability and predictability for the shipbuilder and its vendor base.
Accordingly, not later than October 1, 2019, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the congressional defense committees on the merits of pursuing a block buy acquisition strategy for LHA-9 and LHA-10.
This report shall include a business case analysis comparing the cost and schedule of single ship contracts for LHA-9 and LHA-10 with a block buy contract for such ships as well as a description of other key considerations that the Secretary deems appropriate.
If the business case analysis shows that pursuing a block buy strategy for LHA-9 and LHA-10 has merit, the committee strongly encourages the Secretary to consider inclusion of such a proposal in the Navy's budget request for fiscal year 2021.
The committee believes that a block buy or multiyear think, australian interactive gambling act 2020 similar approach for LPD Flight II-class amphibious transport ships could provide substantial cost savings as well as needed stability and predictability for the shipbuilder and its vendor base.
Accordingly, not later than October 1, 2019, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the congressional defense committees on the merits of pursuing a block buy or multiyear procurement acquisition strategy for LPD Flight II-class ships.
This report shall include a business case analysis comparing the cost and schedule of single ship contracts with a block buy or multiyear contract for such ships as well as a description of other key considerations that the Secretary deems appropriate.
If the business case analysis shows that pursuing a block buy or multiyear procurement strategy for LPD Flight II-class ships has merit, the committee strongly encourages the Secretary to consider inclusion of such a proposal in the Navy's budget request for fiscal year 2021.
Active Apologise, fiesta casino panama 2020 think System for Stryker Active Protection Systems APS can be a critical capability to protect our warfighters on the battlefield.
The committee notes that the Army is currently procuring four brigade sets of Trophy for the M1 Abrams tank and that a decision was recently made to procure a brigade set of the Iron Fist system for the M2 Bradley.
The Army has evaluated various systems for integration on to Stryker vehicles but has not made a final decision on what system is most effective and suitable for the platform.
According to a congressionally directed report that was submitted in October 2018, the Army had anticipated making a vendor selection during the second quarter of fiscal year 2019.
However in testimony before the Senate Armed Services Committee Subcommittee on Airland in April 2019, senior Army leadership testified that it may take significantly more time for the Army to make a determination on whether to proceed with either of the systems being evaluated.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing to the committee by October 1, 2019, that provides an update on the Army's efforts to assess APS vendors for integration onto the Stryker platform, including the effectiveness of systems tested, plans for future testing, proposals for future development, and a timeline for fielding.
Adaptive Threat Force The committee notes that the Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory's Adaptive Threat Force efforts in concept-based experimentation seek to replicate future operating environments and future adversaries.
The committee believes that predictive understanding of potential asymmetric advantages of adversaries can be identified during experimentation through the use of red teams and live adversary forces.
Further, the committee notes that these efforts can also lead to improved training of warfighters.
Advanced Helicopter Training System The committee believes that the Department of the Navy must rapidly develop realistic rotary training platforms to help ensure that the next generation of naval aviators remains proficient in conducting sustained air operations at sea.
The Advanced Helicopter Training System AHTS addresses the capacity and capability gaps for the Chief of Naval Air Training rotary wing training pipeline.
Through the AHTS program, the Navy will revamp its training syllabus by acquiring 130 helicopters and advanced simulators to produce more than 600 student naval aviators and execute 90,000 flight hours annually.
The committee concurs with the Navy's insistence that the TH-XX be Federal Aviation Administration- Instrument Flight Rules FAA-IFR certified prior to awarding a contract, thereby assuring that the Navy student pilot training benefits from safety features and standards inherent in a fully developed and FAA-IFR certified aircraft.
Advanced survivability modeling capability for air-launched weapons The emergence of great power competition is the central long-term planning challenge for the Department of Defense DOD.
More capable adversaries employing highly advanced integrated air defense systems can create heavily contested environments that deny U.
Such integrated air defense systems present a threat not only to launch systems but read article to their air-launched conventional weapons.
Launch platforms and their suite of strike weapons must possess sufficient range, autonomy, survivability, and lethality for mission effectiveness in order to remain relevant in future scenarios.
The committee is concerned that current air-launched conventional weapons do not adequately account for advanced terminal defense systems that often protect high-value mobile targets both on land and at sea.
Advanced integrated air defenses are expected to be effective against weapons that were designed to be survivable by virtue of a single attribute e.
In addition, the committee is concerned about the fidelity of DOD models that simulate the effectiveness of adversary close-in defensive systems on conventional strike weapons.
The committee strongly encourages the Departments of the Navy and Air Force to emphasize munitions survivability attributes that together improve probability of mission success.
Therefore, the committee directs both the Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy to provide a briefing, not later than March 1, 2020, that outlines the mission effectiveness of current and planned air-launched conventional weapons for use against high-value mobile targets protected by advanced integrated air defense systems.
The briefing must address the following: 1 Stand-off requirements; 2 Survivability characteristics; 3 Weapon lethality; 4 A cost-per-kill assessment to evaluate mission effectiveness; and 5 A comparison of existing autonomous capability.
Aerospace ground equipment for B-52 Stratofortress The committee understands that the Air Force bomber vector plans to keep the B-52 weapon system available for conventional and nuclear missions well into the 2040s.
Efforts are now underway to update the plane's radars, engines, communications, and navigation equipment.
Relatively little effort has been given to the aerospace ground equipment that provide power, inert gas, munitions loading, and other support functions in preparation for a mission, yet this ground support equipment is just as important to mission success as components on the B-52.
The committee is concerned that the failure of ground electrical carts with roulette software 2020 free automated likely cause a delay of several hours to a bomber mission.
Therefore, the committee directs the Air Force to brief the congressional defense committees, no later than April 30, 2020, on the age of the aerospace ground support equipment currently supporting the B-52 weapon system, their average reliability, and plans to replace or update this equipment in line with keeping the B-52 weapon system operational through 2040.
Air Force Active Association The committee supports the Air Force's Total Force Integration TFI concept to leverage the capabilities of both the Air Force Active Duty and its reserve components.
The committee believes that Active Associations are an important component of TFI, providing the opportunity for Active-Duty pilots and personnel to access reserve component aircraft and train with reserve component pilots and maintenance personnel.
The committee remains concerned about the delayed deliveries of the KC-46A aerial refueling tanker and the impact it will have on the existing tanker fleet, most notably extending the service of KC-135 tankers.
The committee is further concerned about the continued operation of legacy air refueling platforms and the impact on the Air Force's Active Associations.
Therefore, the committee directs the Air Force and Air Mobility Command to notify the congressional defense committees regarding any plans to draw down Active Associations because KC-46A deliveries have been later than planned and, if there are such reductions, to provide a report on plans to restore these existing Active Associations to full strength.
Air Force Future ISR Integration Strategy The committee is aware of the recent publication of the United States Air Force Next Generation Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance ISR Dominance Flight Plan and the Air Force's desire to modernize its ISR enterprise.
The committee is encouraged by the Air Force's intent to field a resilient, integrated ISR network of manned and unmanned systems to prevail in contested environments, and it believes that this goal aligns with the National Defense Strategy.
The committee notes that the Air Force's future ISR enterprise will comprise both manned and unmanned systems that are integrated with space and cyber assets.
While the fielding of advanced autonomous systems and ISR networks will allow for added resiliency, large manned platforms such as the RC-135 are forecasted to remain an integral part of the Air Force ISR system for decades to come, and they offer a unique set of capabilities that are central to meeting the needs of combatant commanders.
The committee believes that the Air Force must have the capability to integrate information from both manned and unmanned assets in its future ISR enterprise in order to capitalize on the strengths offered by both platforms.
In its effort to realize the goals of its Next Generation ISR Dominance Flight Plan, the Air Force must ensure that all assets and platforms are integrated into a unified concept of operations.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to provide a report to the congressional defense committees, no later than March 1, 2020, detailing the Air Force's plan for integrating both manned and unmanned systems into its future force mix and ISR enterprise.
The report shall detail how the Air Force plans to use manned ISR assets alongside unmanned platforms as well as space-based ISR platforms and a networked sensor architecture in support of the warfighter.
The report shall also detail planned modernization and survivability upgrades to the manned assets and networks.
The report shall: 1 Detail the strengths and vulnerabilities in both manned and unmanned ISR elements; 2 Provide a detailed description of the data links for both control and data processing; 3 Describe the next generation of data link to succeed Link 16 capability; and 4 Provide funding data to support this concept across the future years defense program.
Air Force ISR SIGINT data integration The committee notes the efforts of the Air Force to develop an integrated, capability-focused SIGINT architecture and investment strategy.
The committee observes that the investment has already produced significant advances in Air Force SIGINT capability, particularly within the medium-altitude RC-135 Rivet Joint program.
The committee is also aware that some significant capability gaps exist against current threats and that the Air Force has not yet addressed diminishing industrial mid poker tournament 2020 issues with the high-altitude Airborne Signals Intelligence Payload program.
Additionally, the Air Force has not yet achieved a unified enterprise for SIGINT processing, exploitation, and dissemination, despite having a distributed technical architecture within both the RC-135 Rivet Joint and Air Force distributed common ground system programs.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees, no later than March 1, 2020, on how the Air Force is implementing its Next Generation Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Dominance Flight Plan raging bull casino codes november 2020 order to make Air Force airborne SIGINT data from the RC-I35, U-2, RQ-4, MQ-9, and future SIGINT capabilities discoverable and available to the joint warfighter.
The briefing shall address, among other things, cloud-based technologies and distributed crew concepts.
Army rotary wing munitions capabilities, capability gaps, and solutions The committee is concerned that the standoff range advantages of U.
Munitions with greater standoff range and the ability to operate in a GPS-denied or - degraded environment are critical to restoring the Army's dominance in air-to-surface fires.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing by October 1, 2019, on Army rotary wing munitions capabilities, capability gaps, and potential off-the- shelf solutions.
The briefing should include: 1 Current U.
Army in calendar year 2019, including: a An assessment of the effectiveness of the tested munitions to meet threats from near peer adversaries and any operational needs statements from combat aviation brigades for Europe and the Indo-Pacific; b An assessment of whether the tested munitions would complement capabilities for current programs of record; c A comparison of the tested systems' capabilities against current munitions; and 4 The cost and timeline for the Army to field the necessary capability to close this gap, including: a Interim fielding to meet current requirements; and b Potential enduring solutions.
ATACMS Requirement The committee is concerned that the current Army Tactical Missile System ATACMS inventory is insufficient to meet requirements, especially in light of the National Defense Strategy.
The Army total munition requirement for ATACMSs is 4,417 missiles but the current quantity is 1,725 missiles.
Despite the shortfall, the Army's plan is to extend the life of existing ATACMSs rather than growing additional capacity.
However, the Army has had a difficult time retrieving existing ATACMSs to put them into the shelf-life extension program and thus has relied on new missile production to replace existing inventory.
The committee also notes that the Army's unfunded priorities list requested funding for Cross-Domain ATACMSs to support a United States Indo-Pacific Combatant Command requirement.
Further, the committee notes that the Precision Strike Missile, which would replace ATACMS, will not include cross-domain capabilities until fiscal year 2024 at the earliest.
Therefore, the committee recommends that the Army reevaluate decisions to not grow the ATACMS inventory given: 1 The substantial shortfall in inventory as compared to the actual requirement; 2 That the Army is already procuring new all-up rounds; and 3 The new capabilities that the Cross- Domain ATACMS now adds to the program.
Bomber roadmap The committee is concerned with the timing of multiple programs involving the Air Force bomber force.
The committee notes that the strategic threat from peer competitors like China and Russia will only continue to increase, as highlighted in the National Defense Strategy, which will increase demand on the critical bomber force.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to provide a briefing, no later than February 1, 2020, to the congressional defense committees that delineates the strategy and the pathway for legacy bombers as well as the acquisition of the B-21 and its integration in the bomber force.
The briefing shall include an updated Air Force bomber roadmap and the Air Force's plans for timing and synchronization of: 1 B-52 re-engining and modernization; 2 Construction of weapons generation facilities; 3 Basing of B-21 conventional and nuclear aircraft; and 4 Life cycle sustainment of B-1, B-2, and B-52 aircraft.
As an integral part of the Army's Armored Brigade Combat Team ABCTthe Bradley is being modernized in a program approved by the Army Acquisition Executive in July 2011 to enhance survivability, mobility, and lethality by procurement of hardware for modifications.
These modifications include two Engineering Change Proposals in this plan, with the Bradley A4 upgrade being the most significant.
As the Army works to align itself with the National Defense Strategy and its focus on near-peer competition, the committee understands that the Army plans to gradually phase out the Bradley and replace it with a new Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle OMFV.
To achieve this strategy, the Army has formulated a plan to end M2A4 production in fiscal year 2022, following the procurement of 859 vehicles fielding 5 ABCTs plus 1 prepositioned setwhich will enable sufficient funding for the procurement of the OMFV.
The committee supports the Army's planning and budgeting to achieve force modernization with the OMFV and understands that it will take at least 6 years to develop and begin fielding the OMFV.
The committee also notes that the Bradley A4 upgrade program is essential to ensuring that the ABCT remains relevant for the next 3 decades.
Nonetheless, the committee encourages the Army to ensure that the Bradley industrial base is properly maintained until the Army has a high level of confidence that remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020 OMFV program will not be delayed.
Therefore, the committee supports the procurement of upgrades for the family of Bradley Fighting Vehicle modernization across five ABCTs, efforts to sustain the entire fleet, and the incorporation of an Active Protection System into the fleet.
Building Partner Combat Air Capacity The committee understands the importance of building partner capacity as part of the U.
The committee supports ongoing Department of Defense DOD efforts to increase the combat air capability and interoperability of U.
Proficiency in air combat requires training in a realistic air-combat environment with the ability to provide post-mission reconstruction of maneuvers and tactics, participant pairings, and integration of range targets and simulated threats.
That is achieved today around the world using air combat maneuvering instrumentation AGMI systems.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to brief the congressional defense committees, no later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act on DOD's ability to increase the utilization of U.
The briefing shall, at a minimum, identify current approved world-wide AGMI locations and identify and prioritize locations where new AGMI systems could increase combat air capability of U.
Capability to counter supersonic and hypersonic cruise missiles The committee believes that the Department of Defense is late-to-need on dealing with the current threat of fielded or soon-to-be-fielded supersonic and hypersonic missiles in both the Indo-Pacific and European areas of responsibility.
In addition, click to see more committee believes there is a disconnect between Joint Force doctrine, the responsibility of the area air defense commander, which is normally the Air Component Commander, and the responsibility for air and missile defense, which resides with the U.
Army, as established in law.
This issue is most pronounced with theater air and missile defense, and it has the potential to yield a gap between joint force requirements and available capabilities that will only be increased with constrained spending.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Joint Force Air Component Commanders for U.
Indo-Pacific Command and U.
European Command, to provide a briefing, not later than January 1, 2020, to the congressional defense committees, on countering supersonic cruise missiles and hypersonic missiles.
The briefing must include: 1 Currently fielded or soon-to-be fielded adversary supersonic or hypersonic missiles; 2 An evaluation of the ability to counter supersonic threats against airfields and Army preposition sites by 2023, based on available forces or potential programs available to be fielded in that timeframe; 3 An evaluation of the ability to counter hypersonic threats against airfields and Army preposition sites by 2023, based on available forces or potential programs available to be fielded in that timeframe; 4 Any other subjects or recommendations that the Secretary or Component Commanders wish to include.
Carbon fiber wheels and graphitic foam for Next Generation Combat Vehicle The committee recognizes the recent effort related to Metal Matrix Composite MMC technologies and is encouraged by the U.
Army Ground Vehicle Systems Center's GVSC decision to transition into lower-cost, wider application carbon fiber composite wheels and graphitic carbon foam research to support the Next Generation Combat Vehicle NGCV.
Carbon fiber wheels may reduce vehicle weight, reduce fuel consumption, increase payload capacity, and extend service life for the NGCV.
Graphitic Carbon Foam may also reduce vehicle heat signatures and improve heat dissipation from engine and electronics compartments and protect against blast energy, directed energy weapons, and electromagnetic pulse threats.
Finally, these products lend themselves to be produced at remote locations with additive manufacturing processes in support of NGCV operation and maintenance.
The Defense Logistics Agency has designated both graphite and carbon fiber as strategic materials.
The committee notes that the GVSC has identified low-cost mesophase pitch as a United States-based source of graphite that can be used to produce carbon fiber, graphitic carbon foam, and battery technologies for the NGCV.
The committee acknowledges the versatility and broad application that carbon fiber technology provides for the armed services by reducing the weight of parts by over 50% as compared to traditional steel components.
The committee recommends that the GVSC continue to develop, test, and field low-cost mesophase pitch carbon fiber and graphitic carbon foam components that can reduce vehicle weight, reduce fuel consumption, increase payload capacity, extend service life, improve survivability, and utilize additive manufacturing technology for the NGCV program.
The CH-47F Block II program is designed to upgrade the current CH-47F Block I heavy-lift rotorcraft in order to improve readiness and commonality, extend the useful life of the Block I helicopter, and restore additional payload capacity for the airframe.
The committee understands that the budget request fully funds the completion of the Engineering and Manufacturing Development EMD phase of the Block II program.
The committee also understands that, subject to successful completion of the EMD phase, the Army plans to conduct a Milestone C low-rate production decision beginning in fiscal year 2021.
However, the committee notes that the current Future Years Defense Program FYDP provides no additional procurement funding for the CH-47 Block II program.
Further, the committee notes that the formal Analysis of Alternatives for the CH-47 Block II indicated that, in order to maintain fleet readiness, the Army must begin to remanufacture CH-47 Block I rotorcraft between fiscal years 2024 and 2028 and sustain full-rate production of 12 aircraft per year by fiscal year 2030.
The committee is concerned about the impact from the lack of programmed funding in the FYDP for CH-47 Block II production on the heavy-lift rotorcraft industrial base and the Army's long-term plans to maintain fleet readiness post-FYDP.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing by October 1, 2019, on the following topics: potential readiness impacts to the current CH-47F fleet should Block II production be delayed post-FYDP; a cost-benefit analysis comparing the CH-47 Block II upgrade program to CH-47F remanufacture efforts; the impacts to current MH-47G aircraft production given the delay of Block II production; the analysis the Army used to assess the strategic risk to the industrial base, including the supplier base; and the Army's current strategy for modernizing the heavy-lift rotorcraft fleet.
CH-53K King Stallion program The committee notes that the U.
Marine Corps validated a requirement for heavy-lift expeditionary rotary wing aviation to support ship-to-shore, shore-to-shore, and shore-to-ship movement of personnel and equipment.
With the existing heavy lift platform, the CH-53E, nearing the end of its service life, the Marine Corps has embarked on a procurement effort for the CH-53K King Stallion to maintain or improve the current capability.
The committee notes, however, that this program is at least 19 months behind schedule and has experienced cost growth of over 20 percent above the 2005 baseline.
Therefore, the committee urges the Department of the Navy and the U.
Marine Corps to ensure that this program receives sufficient acquisition oversight to eliminate further cost growth and schedule delays.
Close combat lethality task force In February 2018, the Secretary of Defense established the Close Combat Lethality Task Force CCLTFa cross-functional task force charged with improving combat capabilities of infantry formations to increase lethality, survivability, and resiliency on the battlefield.
The CCLTF has focused its efforts on reforming manpower policy, improving training, and fielding cutting-edge equipment and weapons systems for these formations.
These efforts are particularly noteworthy as technology proliferation has eroded the comparative advantage of these forces, and, with renewed great power competition, it is imperative that the Department of Defense focus on investments that support close combat formations that historically account for the majority of U.
Therefore, the committee urges the Department to continue its support of the CCLTF, including through sufficient resourcing of the task force and by maintaining the exceptional quality of its leadership as well as the direct reporting relationship to the Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
Columbia-class schedule The committee continues to have great interest in actions taken by the Department of Defense DOD to develop, build, and deploy Columbia-class ballistic missile submarines.
The committee is concerned by these challenges, as well as several other findings in this report, and the associated potential for delays in delivering the lead ship of the Columbia-class in fiscal year 2028 and deploying the lead ship in fiscal year 2031.
Therefore, not later than December 1, 2019, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the congressional defense committees on the Columbia-class schedule and impact of potential lead ship delays.
The report shall include a description of the: 1 Current schedule margin and critical path s for the lead ship in order to meet planned delivery and deployment dates; 2 Potential risks to the lead ship schedule, including the associated potential schedule impact for each such risk; 3 Potential operational impacts, shipbuilding impacts, and mitigation options if the lead ship delivery date is delayed by 6 months, 12 months, 2 years, or 3 years; and 4 Recommendations for congressional or DOD action to reduce the likelihood or mitigate the impact of potential lead ship schedule delays.
DOD efforts to improve friendly force identification The committee acknowledges that the inadvertent loss of U.
While the Department of Defense DOD has made strides in processes and technologies to help distinguish between friendly and enemy forces, incidents of friendly fire continue to exist.
The committee is aware that joint terminal air controllers use a variety of friendly force identification systems in close air support operations and that the DOD continues to seek improvements in its ability to identify friendly forces.
The committee is also concerned that ongoing efforts by the DOD to upgrade these capabilities are not being adequately coordinated or synchronized to ensure the expeditious integration of new technologies and the interoperability of these systems as they are fielded.
Accordingly, the committee directs the Comptroller General of the United States to evaluate the following issues: 1 What actions has the DOD taken to ensure a common understanding of requirements and challenges related to friendly force identification by close air support aircraft, including visibility over ongoing efforts to meet those requirements; 2 What efforts does the DOD have underway to enhance its friendly force identification capabilities, to include efforts to identify, evaluate, and incorporate new technologies in an expeditious and cost-effective manner; 3 To what extent does the DOD coordinate and communicate friendly force identification requirements and evaluations to ensure that the programs it is developing are complementary and interoperable; and 4 Any other issues that the Comptroller General determines appropriate with respect to efforts to improve DOD's ability to identify friendly forces and minimize friendly fire incidents.
The committee further directs the Comptroller General to provide a report to the congressional defense committees not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
The FVL family of systems consists of aircraft across five capability sets based on size, and the FLRAA effort is capability set three.
The committee understands that the FLRAA platform will replace a portion of the Army's utility helicopter fleet to provide considerable capability improvements in speed, range, agility, endurance, and sustainability as compared to current legacy utility helicopters.
The committee notes that the current acquisition strategy for the FLRAA represents a traditional approach.
However, the committee understands that the Army is considering multiple courses of action to accelerate this program through the use of acquisition reform authorities.
Further, the committee understands that the Army is nearing completion of the Joint Multi-Role Technology Demonstration JMR-TD effort that successfully demonstrated several transformational vertical lift capabilities and technologies.
Given the substantial investment and knowledge gained by the successful JMR-TD, the committee expects the Army to possess a much better understanding of the technology readiness levels required for the FLRAA development program.
As such, the committee believes that the Army should be in a position to reasonably accelerate the FLRAA schedule and acquisition strategy.
The committee encourages the Secretary of the Army to consider using a more tailored acquisition approach for the FLRAA program, to include developing prototypes to expedite the procurement of critical technologies.
The committee expects that, following any such prototyping effort, the Army would pursue a follow-on production contract using competitive procedures.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing, not later than October 1, 2019, to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives that details a course of action to accelerate the FLRAA program, to include potential use of tailored acquisition strategies, procedures, and authorities with appropriate oversight, management, and technical rigor.
Global Broadcast System Technologies The committee recognizes that new Global Broadcast System GBS technologies and services may be able to augment satellite communication SATCOM bandwidth for the warfighter at both home-base and deployed locations where users continue to struggle with congested networks.
The GBS is a critical element of the Department of Defense's DOD Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance capability and, though its primary focus has been to transmit full motion video from unmanned aircraft systems to tactically 2020 bonus oaks casino codes silver no deposit forces, it could have value for all types of data needed by the warfighter in a deployed or garrison environment.
Portable, rucksack GBS systems could provide a cost-effective way of supporting those goals as the DOD moves into a new era of hybrid SATCOM networks, the innovative use of GBS should be considered as the Department decides on how to provide a holistic solution.
The committee encourages the DOD to procure and rapidly field commercially-available, secure Satellite Portable Receive Suites and Rucksack Portable Receive Suites to test their ability and contribute to meeting communications requirements for deployed warfighter operations as well as base installation operational training activities.
Guided missile frigate FFG X The committee applauds the Navy's decision to procure a guided missile frigate FFG X with increased lethality, survivability, and endurance to meet casino piccadilly circus 2020 requirement for Small Surface Combatants in the most recent Navy Force Structure Assessment.
As the Navy prepares to issue the FFG X request for proposals, the committee continues to support a full and open competition with a single source detail design and construction award in fiscal year 2020.
The committee also supports the Navy's approach to commonality with existing Navy platforms, such as the Mark-41 Vertical Launch System and Enterprise Air Surveillance Radar, to reduce acquisition and sustainment costs.
The committee encourages the Navy not to sacrifice warfighting capability for other considerations.
Improved Turbine Engine Program The Improved Turbine Engine Program ITEP is an acquisition program to develop a more powerful engine that would enhance performance at high altitudes and at elevated temperatures while improving operational readiness just click for source the current UH-60 Blackhawk and AH-64 Apache helicopter fleets.
The ITEP also has a goal to improve fuel efficiency, which will ease the mission of sustainment forces.
The committee notes that this program represents a cost- effective approach to modernizing aviation assets.
Therefore, the committee encourages the Army to pursue opportunities to accelerate the fielding of this capability.
Improving Air Force acquisition and sustainment processes The committee notes that the Air Force has identified acquisition reform as a key priority and has made progress in taking advantage of authorities that the Congress has provided in recent National Defense Authorization Acts to accelerate prototyping and experimentation.
The Air Force reports that it has cut 93 years from previous program schedules, and it cites this as a positive indicator of progress toward the goal of reducing timelines and enabling more agile fielding of systems and technology.
The committee supports the Air Force's effort to fully use authorities provided by the Congress to improve its acquisition processes while ensuring that proper internal and external oversight over programs is maintained, deployed systems are operationally effective and suitable, and systems are developed, deployed, and sustained in the most cost-effective and -efficient manner.
The committee encourages the Air Force to continue focusing on improvements in these areas while leveraging proven methods to accelerate acquisition and sustainment across the total enterprise.
Marine Corps nano vertical takeoff and landing unmanned aerial systems The Marine Corps has indicated a need for Nano Vertical Takeoff and Landing Unmanned Aerial Systems for the purpose of providing individual squads with an airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ISR capability with real time video and imagery of the tactical environment.
The Army is pursuing a similar solution, the Soldier Borne Sensor program, for its squads and small units.
The committee encourages the Marine Corps to review the Army's effort, which may read more facilitate development of an ISR capability that can increase the lethality and survivability of Marine Corps squads.
Metrics for evaluating potential impacts to airspace The committee is aware of ongoing discussions with individual project developers, military installations, and the Services regarding proposed energy projects and potential conflicts with military airspace needs.
The committee urges the Department of Defense to also initiate non-project-specific policy-level discussions with industry, affected military installations, and military service leadership to develop clearly defined, objective criteria, measures, and metrics that provide guidance as to when potential impacts to airspace rise to unacceptable levels.
This will help installations assess proposed projects and assist industry in avoiding areas of concern.
Mobile aircrew restraint system The committee noted in the the Senate report accompanying S.
Air Force on its fleet of HH-60 aircraft is to provide survivability improvements over legacy restraint systems.
The committee encouraged the U.
Army to utilize available testing and approval data from the Air Force for incorporation into the UH- 60 aircraft fleet.
However, there has been little progress on the potential incorporation of the MARS on the Army's UH-60 fleet.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing, not later than October 1, 2019, on the MARS, including: the status of the Army's Airworthiness Release AWR on the use of MARS, potential costs to implement AWR modifications, and the timeline to execute AWR implementation.
Modular rugged power devices The committee notes that National Guard units are frequently deployed to assist with emergency management situations, including responding to natural disasters.
Often in these circumstances, the deployed servicemembers cannot depend upon the established electrical grid for energy needs in support of the mission, and mobile power generation is critical to support their operations.
Therefore, the committee encourages the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to consider acquiring modular rugged power devices that are https://n-club.info/2020/casinomax-bonus-codes-2020.html and lightweight zero-emission power generation systems to meet equipping and energy needs.
Mounted A-PNT solutions Assured Positioning, Navigation, and Timing A-PNT solutions are critical to the warfighter due to the reliance of military systems on the Global Positioning System GPS and the ability of near-peer competitors to deny or disrupt access to GPS.
In order to address this challenge, the Army article source established a cross-functional team for A-PNT to ensure that the Army's ground maneuver forces have access to trusted PNT information even in a GPS-denied environment.
The committee understands that the Army has made progress in the fielding of a Mounted A-PNT solution MAPS for Army ground platforms and encourages the Army to field the most capable solution as quickly as possible.
The committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees by October 1, 2019, on the status of the Army's MAPS program to include fielding timelines, system capabilities, and how the system will be scalable and compatible with future upgrades.
MQ-1 Gray Eagle briefing The committee notes the significant capability that the MQ- 1 Gray Eagle fleet of unmanned aircraft systems UAS provides to the Army.
This capability is game-changing and reduces risk for Army soldiers by providing extended surveillance coverage and the ability to self-transit to distant locations by virtue of its long endurance and ease of use, itself deriving from its automatic takeoff and landing system, which the aircraft to be launched and recovered with minimal operator interaction.
The current fleet consists of over 200 Gray Eagle aircraft, half of which are the original configuration and the other half are the Gray Eagle Extended Range GE-ER configuration.
The GE-ER is the next-generation advanced derivative, providing longer-endurance UAS surveillance, communications relay, and weapons delivery missions in support of maneuver.
However, the committee is concerned that a mixed fleet of Gray Eagle aircraft may not be sufficient to meeting ever increasing operational requirements.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing, not later than October 1, 2019, to the Senate Armed Services Committee on the capabilities and capacity of the MQ-1 Gray Eagle fleet.
The briefing shall include: 1 A fleet optimization plan to meet long-term surveillance requirements in multi-domain operations in support of the National Defense Strategy; 2 Potential readiness impacts to the Army of operating a mixed fleet of Gray Eagle aircraft; and 3 Cost-benefit analysis comparing operations of the current mixed fleet of aircraft to operations of a pure GE-ER fleet.
Multiyear block buy for F-35 The committee notes that both the production and sustainment costs for the F-35 program continue to decrease.
However, the committee believes that further savings may be realized through multiyear block buy contracts.
The report shall include: analysis of the appropriate government furnished equipment, such as propulsion systems savings; an assessment of the design stability and technical risk, given the Block 4 changes introduced to the baseline beginning in Lot 15; and an evaluation of the potential to achieve significant net savings for the Department of Defense and international partners through economies of scale.
Additionally, the report shall articulate the optimal multiyear contract length for the F-35.
Operational energy of generator sets Generator sets used by the Services supply critical power that supports the Army's top modernization priorities to make its soldiers and units more lethal.
The committee is pleased with Department of Defense DOD efforts to increase fuel efficiency, improve combat capability, decrease tactical risk, and reduce the cost of generators.
Specifically, the committee is encouraged by efforts to reduce fuel requirements by eliminating the need to operate redundant generator sets.
The Army and Marine Corps are incorporating microgrid control capability on all current 30kW to 60kW generator set models, which automatically start and stop generator sets based on load demand.
This capability increases fuel savings for the DOD and improves system-level reliability.
The committee also encourages the Services to incorporate an energy storage module with generator sets to provide more energy-efficient power.
This ability will further increase system efficiency and reliability, decrease maintenance frequency, enable silent watch operations, and facilitate integration of renewable energy sources.
Persistent Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance ISR and heavy payloads The committee remains concerned that the combatant commands are not being given sufficient airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ISR support assets to adequately provide force protection, situational awareness, maritime domain awareness MDAcombat identification, high- precision geolocation, and other necessary capabilities to support deployed forces as they execute missions.
In their respective testimonies before the Senate Armed Services Committee, the Combatant Commanders of U.
Africa Command AFRICOMU.
European Command EUCOMU.
Indo-Pacific Command INDO-PACOMand U.
Southern Command SOUTHCOM all stated that they have significant gaps between ISR requirements and ISR capacity.
Increased ISR could enhance AFRICOM's Counter-Violent Extremist Organizations missions, EUCOM's European Deterrence Initiative EDIINDO-PACOM's MDA, and SOUTHCOM's counter- narcotics missions.
The committee agrees with the testimony of the Commander of EUCOM--that there is a global shortage of high demand, low density assets and that there may be https://n-club.info/2020/usa-today-best-casino-2020.html technologies that could help mitigate the capability gaps.
The committee notes that there are commercial technologies in development that could help address many of the combatant commands' ISR gaps.
Heavy payload, solar-powered unmanned aerial vehicles UAV are being developed that, because of their unique power source and electric engines, may be able to operate aloft and on station in poker chips 2020 set enduring, quiet, and persistent manner.
These systems present the possibility of basing in friendly territory and deployment in advance of planned missions to provide ISR pre-mission, during the mission, and post-mission.
Some solar-powered candidate systems have modular designs and payload capacities of more than 300 pounds.
These assets may be able to serve as a multi- intelligence platform able to provide agile sensor suites in response to mission requirements.
The technological challenge to realizing the potential of such systems would be developing payloads that have overall dependability and sufficient reliability to stay aloft and continue performing missions for long periods of time.
Such reliability is not usually found in current airborne ISR systems.
The committee supports additional resources for payload improvements and to evaluate a persistent, quiet, heavy payload, solar-powered, multi-intelligence ISR asset.
Personal recovery devices for servicemembers As the Army pivots to great power competition and multi- domain operations, Assured-Position, Navigation, and Timing A- PNT technologies will be critical in enabling the U.
Furthermore, the Personnel Recovery Support System PRSSwhich includes the PRSS 1b Secure Personal Locator Beacon, can leverage A-PNT technology to assist in the location of missing and captured servicemembers on the battlefield.
The committee supports the Army's initial procurement and deployment of a personal recovery device that can operate in GPS-denied or -degraded environments.
In addition, the committee notes the Army has stood up a cross-functional team to rapidly assess material development solutions to address the A-PNT mission area and potential capability gaps.
Therefore, the committee encourages the Army to continue investment and deployment of proven A-PNT solutions and PRSSs.
The reliability of key systems on the lead ship in the Ford-class of aircraft carriers, USS Gerald R.
Ford CVN-78is particularly concerning.
While the Navy accepted delivery of CVN-78 from the shipbuilder in May 2017, 20 months later than initially planned, reliability measured through September 30, 2018, of four key systems is either orders of magnitude below the Navy's stated requirement or unknown.
Through the first 763 attempted shipboard landings, the Advanced Arresting Gear AAG suffered 10 operational mission failures, well below the re-baselined reliability growth curve and well below the requirement of 16,500 mean cycles between operational mission failures, where a cycle represents the recovery of one aircraft.
The committee is concerned that inadequate reliability of key shipboard systems, such as those on CVN-78, will result in degraded operational performance that will not meet combatant commander needs.
Therefore, beginning on October 1, 2019, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit quarterly reports to the congressional defense committees on the reliability of the EMALS, AAG, DBR, and AWE until each system meets its full reliability requirement.
Each report shall also include projected reliability growth estimates, in graphical and tabular form, to achieve the Navy's reliability requirement for each system with the associated schedule.
In addition, the reports shall include descriptions of actions being taken to improve the reliability of each system.
Report on future force design alternatives for Department of the Air Force While the committee acknowledges that the Air Force force structure report as directed by section 1064 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 Public Law 115- 91 recommended that the Air Force grow to 386 squadrons from the current 312, it also observes that this recommendation emerged from analysis using current operations plans and concepts of operations.
The committee believes that alternative force designs could significantly change the inventory requirements.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to submit a report to the congressional defense committees, not later than March 1, 2020, on future force design alternatives for the Air Force.
The Secretary shall ensure that the report includes the following matters with an accompanying unclassified summary: 1 An assessment of the analysis used to conclude that the Air Force requires growth to 386 operational squadrons; 2 An assessment of the anticipated global strategic operating environment through 2040; 3 Required capabilities and concepts that are common to all future force design alternatives; 4 Multi-domain command and control architectures and associated communication capabilities required to effectively implement the future force design; 5 Prioritized technologies and prototyping required for development and fielding to support the future force design; 6 Other capabilities and capacities required for the Air Force to be an effective joint and coalition warfighting partner; and 7 Other matters that the Secretary considers relevant for future force designs.
Report on impact to force structure of using aircraft for missile defense The committee notes that the 2019 Missile Defense Review MDR tasked the Secretary of the Air Force and the Director of the Missile Defense Agency to deliver a report on how best to integrate the F-35 into the missile defense system for both regional and homeland defense.
The committee is concerned that the potential use of air assets to meet theater missile defense requirements could put additional mission demand on an already limited force structure and is not accounted for in the current Air Force force structure planning.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to conduct a study on how this additional mission requirement would change combatant commander requests for forces, including impacts to basing and Time Phased Force Development Data in current war plans.
The Secretary shall provide a report consisting of the findings of this study to the congressional defense committees no later than January 1, 2020.
Robotics and autonomous systems The committee recognizes the importance and growing role of robotics and autonomous systems on the battlefield.
For example, the committee acknowledges that the Army's Robotic and Autonomous Systems Strategy and the Functional Concept for Movement and Maneuver identifies robotic systems as a critical enabling technology.
Further, the committee understands that these capabilities at the Brigade Combat Team level may facilitate the effective execution of missions in a contested multi-domain environment.
With the establishment of cross functional teams and Army Futures Command, the Army is bringing various Department of Defense stakeholders together to explore concepts, ideas, and develop potential solutions.
The committee urges the Army to continue creating opportunities to explore options in the advancement of emerging robotic and autonomous technologies for fielding at echelon across all of its warfighting functions.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a briefing, not later than October 1, 2019, on robotics and autonomous systems to the Senate Armed Services Committee.
The briefing shall include: 1 The feasibility, acceptability, and suitability of establishing a Robotic Development Center nested within the Army's Maneuver Center of Excellence; and 2 The current and future plans to build partnerships with institutions of higher education, government laboratories, and industry in order to lead the integrated development of prototypes.
Size, weight, power reductions of naval combat systems The committee understands that the Navy and Marine Corps are interested in options to reduce the size, weight, and power SWaP of mission systems.
By migrating applications from multiple underutilized servers to fewer optimally-utilized physical servers, the Navy may be able to significantly reduce footprint, hardware costs, energy costs, and sustainment costs.
To consider, monte carlo casino dress code 2020 join understand the potential opportunity of SWaP reductions in mission systems, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to provide a briefing to the Senate Armed Services Committee, not later than October 1, 2019, on the Department of the Navy's efforts to reduce the SWaP of such systems.
Small-Unit Support Vehicle replacement As the Department of Defense pivots to addressing the demands of great-power competition, the committee understands that the military must refocus on operating in a cold-weather environment.
The committee acknowledges that the Small-Unit Support Vehicle SUSV is uniquely capable of supporting maneuver forces in cold-weather and off-road operations.
With the capacity to transport 14 personnel and a footprint of just 1.
However, as the SUSV ages, the readiness and cost of maintaining the https://n-club.info/2020/slots-2020-jackpot.html of 30-year-old vehicles may become unsustainable.
The committee notes the U.
Army's recent decision to approve the Cold-Weather All-Terrain Vehicle as the replacement for the SUSV.
The committee encourages the Army to procure its entire 163-vehicle Army Acquisition Objective and consider further fielding to attain a fleet similar in size to the SUSV's original fleet size.
Finally, the committee encourages other military services to consider joining the Army's procurement in order to meet their cold-weather, all- terrain vehicle transport needs.
Submarine industrial base and parts availability The committee commends the Navy on its efforts to evaluate and improve material demand visibility from submarine public useful online casino slot wins 2020 confirm />The committee is aware that the lack of material availability for Virginia-class submarine maintenance has contributed to an increased reliance on cannibalization of material from operational platforms, consequently decreasing readiness.
The committee is also aware of efforts to improve and forecast material demand, which would enable more timely procurement actions to support the public shipyards.
The committee encourages the Navy to better communicate the capability of their submarine forecasting model and its impact on material obsolescence and manufacturing capability in industry to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
The committee also encourages the Navy to communicate needs in a timely fashion, such as a need for Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation funding, in order to further reduce material and parts availability issues at public shipyards.
The committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to support shipbuilding industrial base initiatives in order to maintain readiness and a strong submarine industrial base.
Supporting and expanding the submarine sub-contracting industrial base The committee believes that expanding the capability and capacity of the submarine industrial base workforce is imperative to keeping pace with Navy shipbuilding requirements.
Numerous manufacturing capabilities must be addressed, including the need for more qualified and Navy-certified welders.
The committee is concerned that the Navy-certified welding workforce may be insufficient to meet Navy demands on time with the required quality.
The committee understands that Navy- certified welders must undergo significant training and possess a higher level of job skills compared to the standard welding workforce.
The committee further understands that the welding of high strength submarine steel requires welders to be qualified to MIL-STD-1688 and that this work must be performed in Navy-certified facilities.
The committee is aware of the need to support the specific skill sets necessary to enable the Navy to achieve the submarine build plan.
The committee encourages the Navy to conduct a thorough assessment of the current workforce and produce a plan for closing the gaps in capability and capacity.
Survivable artillery The committee understands that there is a need for self- propelled, survivable 155mm and 105mm howitzer solutions that can emplace, fire, and displace rapidly enough to evade enemy counter-battery fires.
The committee strongly encourages Army leaders to allocate funds to acquire both systems in sufficient quantity to address the requesting units' immediate needs and to further initiate an Army-wide fielding of these enhanced capabilities.
Light, self-propelled 155mm and 105mm artillery systems will substantially improve the deterrence posture of the U.
Army and allied armies in Europe and Asia that will face sophisticated, quick-fire counterbattery systems in the event of a conflict.
Tactical wheeled vehicle industrial base The committee is concerned that the fiscal year 2020 budget request reduced funding from what was planned in the future years defense program for the majority of the Army's tactical wheeled vehicle fleets, including the Joint Light Tactical Vehicles, the Family of Medium Tactical Vehicles, and the Heavy Expanded Mobile Tactical Trucks.
The committee acknowledges that reducing funding across the light, medium, and heavy tactical wheeled vehicle fleet could threaten the fragile networks of suppliers, many of which are small businesses.
Such businesses may be forced to exit the defense industry or cease operations altogether.
In addition, if production does not support minimum sustaining rates for the tactical wheeled vehicle industrial base, it would impact overall readiness rates by reducing the availability of parts and spares.
Therefore, the committee encourages the Army to pursue predictable funding levels in the future for the tactical wheeled vehicle industrial base in order to avoid production breaks that could adversely impact Army readiness and modernization efforts.
TH-57 replacement The committee supports the replacement of the Department of the Navy's current fleet of TH-57 training helicopters with the Advanced Helicopter Training System, included in the President's budget request, to ensure continued training of the student naval aviators in the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard.
The committee strongly encourages the Secretary of the Navy to ensure predictable and sufficient funding through the future years defense program and to work to expedite procurement of the Advanced Helicopter Training System aircraft, thereby ensuring that rotary-wing training is not interrupted.
UH-1N replacement The committee supports the procurement and fielding of the MH-139 aircraft as the replacement for the UH-1N.
The committee also understands that the fielding of the MH-139 will close significant mission capability gaps associated with the current fleet of UH-1N aircraft.
The committee strongly encourages the Secretary of the New sites no deposit required 2020 Force to maintain predictable and sufficient funding through the future years defense program, ensuring that the critical missions of nuclear deterrence and transportation of U.
The committee also encourages the Air Force to consider expediting procurement of the MH-139 aircraft.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees on the UH-1N replacement program by October 1, 2019.
That briefing shall include information on the following topics: 1 The timeline for procurement and fielding of the MH-139 at Minuteman III bases; 2 Any military construction projects needed to field the helicopter and cost and schedule for any such projects; 3 The program costs to procure and operate the MH- 139 fleet; and 4 The implications of potential program delay for procurement or operating and support costs.
Unmanned aerial systems training locations The committee recognizes the vital importance of providing the best trained unmanned aerial systems UAS operators and maintainers in order to meet operational and training requirements in support of the National Defense Strategy.
In order to meet the unique and specific training requirements for UAS operations, the Army needs training locations that possesses dedicated restricted air space, favorable weather conditions, access to large military operating areas, varied types of terrain, and available spectrum.
Therefore, as the Army conducts its assessment of the best possible locations for UAS training, the committee encourages the Secretary of the Army to consider the attributes to select a training location that: 1 Best meets the requirements of training; and 2 Possesses the capability to increase throughput for both initial qualification and unit training.
easy sloth costume, before any assessment progresses to a stage where specific courses of action are being evaluated, the committee directs the Army to provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees on specific criteria that will be used to conduct the assessment.
Vehicle Reconnaissance System The committee is encouraged by the Army's recent award of the Soldier Borne Sensor SBS program.
The committee has been supportive of this program due to the significant need to provide squads and small units with enhanced intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance ISR capabilities.
The committee is interested in how this program could further increase situational awareness in ground combat vehicle operations.
Specifically, the committee is interested in the potential for adapting the SBS technology to develop a vehicle reconnaissance system for use on-board ground combat vehicles and unmanned vehicles.
Such a system would allow for on-demand ISR ahead of vehicles and convoys on the move and around stationary vehicles.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretaries of the Army and Navy to brief the congressional defense committees, not later than February 1, 2020, on existing plans for incorporating a vehicle reconnaissance system into both manned and unmanned ground combat vehicles.
At a minimum, this briefing should include an assessment of current technologies being examined and other efforts for incorporating such systems on current and future vehicle platforms.
Virginia-class hull treatment briefing The committee is aware of read more reporting from 2011 and 2017 that indicated problems with Virginia-class submarine hull treatments, including delamination.
Therefore the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy, not later than October 1, 2019, to provide a briefing to the Senate Armed Services Committee that describes the following related to the Virginia-class submarine program: 1 Past and current challenges with hull treatments; 2 Percentage of original hull treatment remaining on each delivered Virginia- class submarine; 3 Cost of MIP repair and replacement by Virginia-class submarine hull number; 4 Assessment of the operational implications of degraded hull treatments, specifically reduced MIP coverage, including interruptions of operational tasking; 5 Root causes and corrective actions for hull treatment deficiencies; and 6 The approach to hull treatments on the Columbia-class submarine program.
Western Army Aviation Training Site WAATS for FMS The committee acknowledges that the Western Army Aviation Training Site WAATS in Marana, Arizona, is a premier rotary wing training location and is integral to the mission of the U.
Army Aviation Center of Excellence USAACE to provide trained and ready aircrews in support the National Defense Strategy.
However, the committee notes that the required increase of U.
The WAATS currently provides both rated and nonrated crew flight training for both U.
Additionally, the WAATS provides hundreds of square miles of airspace specifically dedicated to aviation training and an above average number of days allowing flight operations.
Therefore, the committee requires the Secretary of the Army to brief the Senate Armed Services Committee, not later than October, 1, 2019, on the aviation training at the WAATS and include the: 1 Forecasted schedule for UH-60 and UH-72 flight training courses in fiscal years 2020-2023; 2 Feasibility and suitability of the WAATS to conduct all foreign military flight training for UH-60 and UH-72 courses; 3 Excess capacity at the WAATS, including classrooms, simulators, hangar space, and aircraft parking; and 4 Potential expansion of training missions at the WAATS.
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations Authorization of appropriations sec.
Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low probability of detection data link network capability sec.
The strategy's solution should ensure that the network is affordable with minimal impact to existing host platforms and minimal overall integration costs.
The CSAF and CNO would submit the strategy to the congressional defense committees no later than March 1, 2020.
Additionally, the provision would limit the obligation or expenditure of fiscal year 2020 funds for operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Office of the Secretary of the Navy to 50 percent of those funds until 15 days after submission of the plan required in the provision.
Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network 5G infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and base infrastructure sec.
The committee recognizes the revolutionary effect that 5G technology will have on the DOD.
However, the committee is concerned that the DOD lacks the ability to test and develop tactics to leverage 5G technology as well as to negate enemy use of this advanced capability.
In addition, the provision would require the installation of a secure 5G base infrastructure network at a second location in order to improve the DOD's understanding of the impacts of 5G technology on continental United States base operations.
Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 enduring capability sec.
The provision would also require the Secretary of the Army to identify a program of record in the President's budget request for fiscal year 2021 that addresses the Army's responsibility per Department of Defense Directive 5100.
The committee notes that the Army's plan to procure two Iron Dome batteries in accordance with section 112 of the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 meets the intent of the Congress as an interim solution for defense against cruise missiles.
The committee is concerned, however, that the Army has artificially constrained the options considered for the enduring program, including holding some candidate systems to different uk online gambling bill 2020 passed than other systems and excluding some options altogether.
Further, the committee is concerned that the requirements for IFPC Inc 2 are not representative of the current threat posed to U.
The committee commends the efforts of Army Futures Command in this area thus far and encourages the command to aggressively pursue a technological solution that will provide the defense necessary to enable joint theater campaign plans.
Electromagnetic spectrum sharing research and development program sec.
The committee believes that this program is important in assessing the benefits and risks to the Department of Defense DOD of spectrum sharing and its impacts on the warfighter.
The provision would require, within 180 days, the establishment of test beds to demonstrate the potential of cohabitation between these systems.
The provision would also require the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the appropriate Federal agencies, to propose a strategy to integrate Federal and non-Federal electromagnetic spectrum enterprises not later than May 1, 2020.
The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Administrator and the Commission, would also provide to the relevant congressional committees periodic briefings on the status of the test beds, including the incorporation of sharing technologies into international standards, and reports identifying recommendations to facilitate sharing frameworks in the bands of electromagnetic spectrum that are the subject of the test beds.
Sense of the Senate on the Advanced Battle Management System sec.
The committee is supportive of the Air Force's vision for the ABMS as a system of systems that can integrate and fuse data from disaggregated sensors.
However, the committee remains concerned about the speed of fielding based on the current projected end of life for the Joint Surveillance and Target Attack Radar System aircraft.
Modification of proof of concept commercialization program sec.
The provision would also add a section that includes commercialization of dual-use technology with a focus on priority defense technology areas that attract public and private sector funding as well as private sector investment capital, including from venture capital firms in the United States.
Modification of Defense quantum information science and technology research and development program sec.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 by specifying a list of organizations to be consulted in developing the research and investment plan required in the provision and by requiring the Department of Defense to develop, in coordination with appropriate Federal entities, a taxonomy for quantum science activities and requirements for relevant technology and standards.
Technology and National Security Fellowship sec.
Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program sec.
Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters National security emerging biotechnologies research and development program sec.
The committee notes that advances are occurring in biotechnology at an intersection of traditional biology, synthetic biology, engineering, and biotechnology.
Advances in these areas could lead to improvement in many capabilities relevant to defense missions, including enhancing servicemembers' performance, increasing lethality and survivability, and improving battlefield healthcare.
This progress could also yield commercial advances in areas such as gene editing, cloning, and faster development of new drugs and vaccines.
Such potential advances in emerging biotechnologies include: new bacteria or implantable devices that could enhance warfighter cognitive and physical performance; improved information and information use to create more realistic computer simulations of warfighter physiology; development of biosensors to monitor warfighter performance or environmental conditions; engineered biomaterials for defense applications; and improved novel wound-healing or casualty care and diagnosis technologies and systems.
The committee believes that the Department needs a coordinated research effort to ensure that programs in this area are consistently aligned to current DOD strategies and informed by global and commercial developments in the field.
Further, since these technologies may also develop into future threats to the military and the Nation, the provision would require the Department to develop policies on the control of research information and products as needed to protect national security.
The provision would further require the Secretary of Defense, in carrying out this program, to develop strong partnerships with industry, universities, and interagency partners so that the DOD can leverage the best investments made across the country and world and to ensure that the biotechnology research mission area is served by the best possible technical talent and world-class research facilities.
Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports sec.
The provision would also require the Under Secretary to submit an annual report on these activities.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
Requiring certain microelectronics products and services meet trusted supply chain and operational security standards sec.
In addition, the provision would require that the Secretary ensure that manufacturers of secure microelectronics are able to use the same production lines, facilities, and personnel for microelectronics products and related services intended for both Department of Defense DOD and commercial end-uses.
The provision would require the Secretary to take such actions as are necessary and appropriate to foster a competitive secure industrial base.
The committee directs the Secretary of Defense to brief the congressional defense committees on the supply chain and operational security standards not later than February 1, 2021.
The committee believes that changes are needed to the traditional approach to ensuring a supply of trusted microelectronics.
The current approach is not economical for existing or prospective suppliers of trusted microelectronics, because the DOD buys most of its microelectronics from purely commercial companies and prevents its trusted suppliers from selling commercially products that are built on trusted microelectronics production lines.
The committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to work with Five Eyes partners, North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO allies, and other allies to promote a shared secure microelectronics industrial base for secure 5G and other applications.
The committee believes that the standards and procurement preferences that the DOD develops for secure microelectronics products and services should be developed such that they are applicable for adoption by the Federal government, our allies, the carriers implementing 5G wireless networks, critical infrastructure, and other industrial sectors where security and trust are vital.
The committee also encourages the Secretary of Defense to continue pursuing additional means to secure microelectronics.
These include split fabrication approaches, design and engineering innovations to defeat theft and compromise, and other measures to achieve security on networks and using devices that are not trusted.
Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program sec.
Additional technology areas for expedited access to technical talent sec.
The committee notes that these processes are intended to give Department of Defense DOD officials expedited access to world-class technical talent at universities, for the purposes of providing technical analyses, engineering support, and other expert services.
The committee notes that the Nation's universities wiz casino codes 2020 significant capacity to support the DOD in these ways, as a complement to their current robust efforts in basic research, and that many university faculty and staff already work with industry, including the defense industry, in these kinds of activities.
Finally, the committee notes that the Secretary of Defense has yet to comply with the mandate to establish a contractual mechanism to execute the original provision.
The committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to jointly deliver an annotated briefing to the congressional defense committees on actions taken to comply with this mandate, no later than February 1, 2020.
Sense of the Senate and periodic briefings on the security and availability of fifth-generation 5G wireless network technology and production sec.
The provision would also include a requirement for the Secretary of Defense to provide quarterly briefings to the congressional defense committees on Department of Defense DOD activities to develop and utilize secure 5G wireless networking technology.
The committee understands that utilization of secure 5G wireless networking technology will be critical to achieving future warfighting advantages.
The committee is frustrated by the slow pace of DOD research and adoption of these technologies and encourages the DOD to brief the committee on all efforts underway to advance secure 5G wireless networks.
Transfer of Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office sec.
Additionally, the provision would require the Secretary of Defense to report on CTTSO's efforts in relation to the implementation of the National Defense Strategy.
Briefing on cooperative defense technology programs and risks of technology transfer to China or Russia sec.
Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology achievements sec.
The committee notes the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's and the Services' successful use of these types of prize competitions, which have spurred the advancement of robotics, driverless cars, and cybersecurity technologies.
Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and Operational Energy Capability Improvement sec.
Funding for the Sea-Launched Cruise Missile-Nuclear analysis of alternatives sec.
The provision would also require the Secretary of Defense to create a program of record for the SLCM-N, a capability that could be carried by U.
Review and assessment pertaining to transition of Department of Defense-originated dual-use technology sec.
This review would study: the Department's intellectual property and commercialization rights management; the Department's efforts to promote the commercialization of DOD-funded research; the potential for prize-based research as an alternative to traditional research funding; and the potential of DOD's funding of basic and applied research for public use and without commercialization monopolies, akin to the Extramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health, as an alternative to traditional research funding.
The committee understands that much of the Department of Defense's DOD science and technology investment and especially its basic research--for example, some of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's cybersecurity research--is predicated on the transfer of DOD-originated dual-use technology to members of the defense industrial base and the broader commercial sector.
The committee is also aware of a growing body of economics research on the frictions associated with intellectual property and exclusive commercialization monopolies.
The committee notes the importance of basic research in meeting long-term national security needs and supports increased counter-unmanned aircraft systems UAS university research.
The committee is aware of the proliferation and increased capabilities of UAS, and research is needed to respond to this growing threat.
The committee notes the importance of increased basic research for fundamental scientific knowledge related to long- term national security needs, and the committee supports increased research for 3D printing.
The committee notes the importance of cyber basic research and supports increased cyber collaboration with the Cyber Collaboration Research Alliance.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
This increase would support essential capabilities for Multi-Domain Operations-Pacific as described in the Chief of Staff of the Army's unfunded priorities list.
The committee supports the efforts of the Army and U.
Indo-Pacific Command INDOPACOM to develop capabilities and operational concepts to maintain or restore the comparative military advantage of the United States in the Indo-Pacific region and to reduce the risk of executing contingency plans of the Department of Defense.
As it develops, the Multi-Domain Task Force will have significant implications for force posture, force structure, and procurement priorities.
Going forward, the committee urges the Department of the Army and INDOPACOM to keep the committee fully apprised of developments relating to activities associated with the Multi-Domain Task Force.
The committee is aware that advances in novel manufacturing could allow for the development of materials and components with superior properties and performance.
The committee understands that the application of modeling tools in the development of new manufacturing techniques, such as additive manufacturing, could enable the production of new materials that provide increased strength, hardness, and ductility.
These alloys could be useful in applications such as armor and would be a critical enabling technology that could increase warfighter protection.
The committee notes the importance of earthen structures to support force protection missions for deployed forces.
To improve the protective capacities of these structures, reduce potential harmful medical impacts of many structural materials, and reduce costs of building and maintaining these structures, the committee notes the value of research in the use of soil microbiological systems and biopolymers to improve native soils for military earthen structures construction.
This type of research is also consistent with the Department of Defense's emphasis on the importance of synthetic biology and biotechnology to defense missions.
The committee notes the importance of biology research to meet long-term national security needs and supports increased research on cellulose structural materials that will improve Army force projection capabilities through the development and deployment of rapidly manufacturable, lightweight, and low-cost construction materials, structural systems, and bridging systems, including identification and characterization of materials that could be sourced locally during deployment.
The Department of Defense faces growing challenges in providing increasingly efficient operational energy, when and where it is needed to meet the demands of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee understands that the Energy Storage and Power Systems incorporate composite flywheel-based technology and may address several energy objectives for the Army, such as: 1 Increased power efficiencies; 2 Maximized use of renewables; 3 Reduced system energy consumption with improved size, weight, and power; 4 Extended operational duration, reducing the need for energy resupply; and 5 Enhanced environmental characteristics.
The committee notes the need for improved artillery tubes and improved propulsion for 105mm and 155mm howitzers.
The committee believes that research to develop technologies for lighter, shorter tubes could potentially support stronger propulsion and extend the range of projectiles in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee is aware of continued investment in additive manufacturing technologies to rapidly design, prototype, and manufacture critical novel printed armaments components.
These technologies could be used to print replacement parts, customizable grenades, and embedded electronics.
The committee is encouraged by progress made toward the eventual goal of fully printing munitions on a single production line in an ammunition plant.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee notes the importance of leveraging academic research to better understand the unique challenges facing the female warfighter.
The committee notes that additional research and technology development must be conducted to optimize 20 free no deposit casino uk 2020, protective gear, medical treatments, and nutrition for female warfighters.
The committee also notes that there is a lack of data on female warfighter performance in previous studies, which for the most part only included males as research subjects--leaving servicewomen largely unresearched and yielding a gap in the scientific literature on female performance outcomes under different stresses.
The committee believes that, in order to improve combat capability and resilience on installations, the Department of Defense must invest in and acquire on-site long duration battery storage for at least 100 hours, in the event of an intentional or unintentional power outage.
The committee understands that defense components are often designed and manufactured with assumptions made about the environment in which they will be used.
The committee notes that collecting data on these systems can be used to optimize their designs through the use of computational materials engineering software.
The committee understands the importance of conducting material development research to develop lightweight protective and hardening materials usable as either a standalone or composite protective element.
These materials can be applied to a wide range of field conditions and environments.
The committee is aware of the challenges in constructing expeditionary structures for the Department of Defense DOD.
The current methods for building structures on the battlefield present numerous challenges to ensuring warfighter safety, security, and efficiencies.
The committee understands that development of a robotic arm and robotic vehicle could potentially allow larger structures to be built.
Therefore, the committee supports an increase in robotic construction research.
The committee notes the potential for using emerging additive manufacturing techniques for on-demand production of replacement parts, in both depot repair and deployed environments.
The committee notes that more work remains to be done to improve these manufacturing techniques, understand the materials being produced by these techniques, and ensure that the materials meet all safety and reliability standards.
The committee notes the importance of hydrogen fuel cell propulsion and autonomous driving control and encourages the Department of Defense to continue research in this area to maintain a military advantage.
The committee notes that the development of hypersonics capabilities is a key element of the National Defense Strategy and represents an area of intense technological competition between the United States, People's Republic of China, and Russian Federation.
Further, the committee understands that the Army recently completed the Joint Multi- Role Technology Demonstration effort that successfully demonstrated several transformational vertical lift capabilities and technologies.
The Chief of Staff of the Army identified a shortfall in funding for this program in his unfunded priorities list.
The committee acknowledges the need to improve close combat lethality in support of the National Defense Strategy and the need to field weapon systems that improve standoff, ballistics, and penetrating power.
The committee is concerned about unjustified cost growth and poor business process reengineering.
The committee remains concerned about duplication among the Services in contract writing systems.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232.
The committee notes that, while the Army in February 2019 issued a letter of intent to procure two batteries of Iron Dome to meet the requirement articulated in section 112 of the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 for an interim cruise missile defense capability, this decision was predicated on submission and approval of an above threshold reprogramming ATR by mid-April 2019.
Because of the delay in submission of the ATR to the congressional defense committees, the committee is concerned that the Army will be unable meet the statutory requirement for interim base defense.
Therefore, the committee recommends a realignment elsewhere in this report that would support procurement of two Iron Dome batteries with fiscal year 2020 funds.
The committee notes that, should the ATR be fully approved before the end of fiscal year 2019, this realignment would no longer be necessary.
The committee believes that funds for the development of the interceptor, before a defined solution for the enduring IFPC Increment 2 is selected, are ahead of need.
The Chief of Staff of the Army requested funding for Multi- Domain Artillery in his unfunded priorities list.
The committee supports the efforts of the Army and U.
Indo-Pacific Command INDOPACOM to develop capabilities and operational concepts to maintain or restore the comparative military advantage of the United States in the Indo-Pacific region and to reduce the risk of executing contingency plans of the Department of Defense.
As it develops, the command's Multi- Domain Task Force will have significant implications for force posture, force structure, and procurement priorities.
Going forward, the committee urges the Department of the Army and INDOPACOM to keep the committee fully apprised of developments relating to activities associated with the Multi-Domain Task Force.
The committee acknowledges the need to improve lethality for the Next Generation Combat Vehicle to retain overmatch in support of the National Defense Strategy and the remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020 to field weapon systems that improve standoff and survivability.
The committee notes the importance of cybersecurity to long-term national security needs and supports increased research in cybersecurity threat simulation to model emerging and proliferating threats to weapons systems and networks.
The committee notes that directed energy is a key technology for the implementation of the National Defense Strategy.
The plan also indicated that past and projected activities point to the necessity for growth in directed energy test capability and workforce and called for increased collaboration across the directed energy technology development and test communities.
The committee notes that the Chief of Staff of the Army requested funding in his unfunded priorities list for Cross- Domain Army Tactical Missile Systems CD ATACMS.
The committee notes that the government-wide National Nanotechnology Initiative NNIwhich includes the Department of Defense, has highlighted that nanotechnology research, and the eventual nanomanufacturing of products, requires advanced and often very expensive equipment and facilities.
Further the NNI program has indicated that, in order to realize the potential of nanotechnology, agencies should invest heavily in nanomanufacturing research and infrastructure.
The committee notes the importance of basic research in supporting long-term national security needs and supports increasing cyber basic research.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee notes that elsewhere in this Act the committee recommends a provision that requires the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of Energy, and the heads of such other Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate, to carry out a program on research, development, testing, evaluation, study, and demonstration of technologies related to blue carbon capture and direct air capture.
The committee supports increased electronic propulsion research to support the Navy's emerging need to align platform electric power systems with mission systems development and to address the importance of energy management and storage as part of integrated power and energy systems solutions for naval ships and vessels.
The committee notes that, as the Navy develops and fields increasing numbers of high-power sensors and weapon systems, the importance of the energy resilience of these systems continues to increase.
Energy resilient systems will improve performance, reduce costs, and reduce logistical burdens on operational forces.
The committee supports a program reduction to increase coordination of activities in material research across the Department of Defense to reduce duplication of effort.
The committee understands that autonomous naval vessels could be required to operate for more than a month between performances of human-assisted maintenance.
As a result, the machinery on such vessels must be robust, resilient, and reliable, requiring the ability to avoid failures, repair damage, and redirect systems as needed.
The committee notes the importance of cybersecurity to long-term national security needs and supports increased interdisciplinary cybersecurity research.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical for developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee supports a program reduction in common picture applied research and encourages the Navy to increase coordination of space activities with other research activities throughout the Department of Defense.
The committee notes the importance of warfighter safety and performance research in enhancing the individual performance of elite operators under adverse and extreme conditions.
The committee is aware that research to study and mitigate the effects of stresses to human safety, performance, and resilience, especially undersea, will result in better care for warfighters conducting missions that require exposure to extreme environments.
The committee supports increased research to address undersea diving nj pier heights seaside 2020 casino, including: pressure extremes, extended low temperature exposure, neurologic dysfunction, and chemical and oxygen toxicity.
The committee supports a program reduction in electromagnetic systems applied research and encourages the Navy to increase coordination in electronic warfare activities with the rest of the Department of Defense's related activities to reduce duplication of effort.
This superiority, however, is far from assured.
The committee supports a program reduction in order to consolidate efforts in artificial intelligence, machine learning, and similar areas in which separate research and development activities are occurring across the Services and to ensure coordination and reduce duplication of effort across the Department of Defense.
The committee is concerned that the lack of funding in fiscal year 2020 will delay the development of an objective system.
The committee supports a program reduction in innovative naval prototype development in the area of electronic maneuver and encourages continued coordination of these efforts across the Department of Defense.
The committee understands that additional funding could provide for the procurement of 1 additional REMUS 600 littoral battlespace sensing autonomous undersea vehicle, which would accelerate the achievement of Navy inventory goals.
The committee notes that the budget request for this program element provides for the prototyping and testing of Large Unmanned Surface Vessels LUSVincluding procurement of two additional LUSVs in conjunction with a Strategic Capabilities Office SCO initiative, in project 3066.
The committee is concerned that the budget request's concurrent approach to LUSV design, technology development, and integration as well as a limited understanding of the LUSV concept of employment, requirements, and reliability for envisioned missions pose excessive acquisition risk for additional LUSV procurement in fiscal year 2020.
The committee is also concerned by the unclear policy implications of LUSVs, including ill-defined international unmanned surface vessel standards and the legal status of armed or potentially armed LUSVs.
The physical challenges of extended operations at sea across the spectrum of competition and conflict, the concepts of operations for these platforms, and the policy challenges associated with employing deadly force from autonomous vehicles must be well understood prior to replacing accountable battle force ships.
In addition, the committee believes that the LUSV program, which appears likely to exceed the Major Defense Acquisition Program cost threshold, would benefit from a more rigorous requirements definition process, analysis of alternatives, and deliberate acquisition strategy.
The committee understands that emergent repairs are needed at the Acoustic Research Detachment located in Bayview, Idaho, to prevent delays in critical test programs.
What is the unique contribution of something like that in the face of all these emerging technologies?
The committee urges the Navy to identify capability gaps, set LSC requirements, and engage in robust component-level prototyping of potential new critical systems, including those related to propulsion, electrical distribution, radar, and missile launching systems, prior to initiating LSC design efforts.
What is the unique contribution of something like that in the face of all these emerging technologies?
The committee urges the Navy to identify capability gaps, set LSC requirements, and engage in robust component-level prototyping of potential new critical systems, including those related to propulsion, electrical distribution, radar, and missile launching systems, prior to initiating LSC design efforts.
What is the unique contribution of something like that in the face of all these emerging technologies?
Try and get everything prototyped as soon as we can.
The committee urges the Navy to identify capability gaps, set LSC requirements, and engage in robust component-level prototyping of potential new critical systems, including those related to propulsion, electrical distribution, radar, and missile launching systems, prior to initiating LSC design efforts.
The committee understands that additional funding could enable reductions in the production time and cost of propulsor components for Columbia-class submarines through development of composites technology.
The committee notes that an operational testing period of the surface warfare mission package was delayed from fiscal year 2018 to fiscal year 2019.
The committee notes that the U.
Marine Corps USMC has fielded 165 3D Printers, 5 metal printers, and 1 prototype concrete printer across the fleet and is seeing great benefit from their use through innovative programs like Marine Maker.
However, the digital infrastructure to create, support, document, and provide a digital thread, digital twin, and augmented reality capability for the parts being manufactured and used is non-existent.
The USMC needs an Additive Manufacturing Logistics Software Pilot Program and formally highlighted this need in its unfunded priorities list.
The pilot program would use commercial-off-the-shelf software and services to support several use cases and lay the groundwork for providing the digital infrastructure for all USMC next generation additive manufacturing activities.
Funding would cover government costs, software procurement, and services support work at multiple US locations.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Common Configuration-Readiness and Modernization CC-RAM nacelle improvement program for better reliability and commonality across the fleet of V-22s.
Reduced vibrations in nacelles decreases maintenance degraders and costs while increasing readiness rates.
The committee encourages the Navy and Marine Corps to test, develop, and incorporate active vibration control systems for the V-22 nacelles as part of the overall nacelle improvement program.
The Chief of Naval Operations requested funding in his unfunded priorities list for the Quickstrike Joint Direct Attack Munition Extended Range JDAM ER.
The committee is concerned about developing unnecessarily bespoke contract writing systems and processes.
The committee recognizes that the U.
Marine Corps validated a requirement for heavy-lift expeditionary rotary wing aviation to support ship-to-shore, shore-to-shore, and shore-to-ship movement of personnel and equipment.
The committee recently approved an above-threshold reprogramming request for additional funding to continue developmental testing external to the fiscal year 2020 budgeting cycle.
The committee understands that additional funding could enable quality improvements and cost reductions in the Ship to Shore Connector and Landing Craft Air Cushioned programs through expanded development and use of composite materials.
The committee notes that, since fiscal year 2015, the Navy has utilized Transformational Reliable Acoustic Path Systems TRAPS in anti-submarine warfare missions.
The committee understands that these deployable systems have performed satisfactorily and comprise a critical element of the Navy's overall integrated undersea surveillance system.
The committee is concerned that capability or capacity gaps may result if additional TRAPS units are not procured in fiscal year 2020.
The committee recognizes the need for the Marine Corps to reduce logistical requirements in forward deployed areas.
Intelligent Power Management Systems IPMS provide a robust, modular, and scalable solution to interconnect, control, store, and distribute power from various sources.
As a result, with IPMS, power requirements will be met in a more efficient manner by matching power production to load demand, reducing spinning reserve, extending maintenance cycle times, and reducing fuel consumption.
The committee notes the importance of advanced materials high energy X-ray research for better understanding the characteristics and performance of advanced materials and structures for Air Force missions, including high temperature engine materials, advanced sensors, and aerodynamic systems.
The committee notes that the Department of Defense would benefit from leveraging National Science Federation and Department of Energy investments in facilities to support Air Force research needs.
The committee notes that there is duplicative funding for material research within the budget request and encourages increased coordination within the Department of Defense.
The committee believes that the increase of these activities is not fully aligned with other efforts and supports a reduction in program growth for aerospace vehicle technologies.
The committee notes that counter-swarm capabilities are becoming more critical for Department of Defense DOD force protection.
Currently, various development and acquisition activities are underway to counter the swarming unmanned aircraft systems UAS threat, and DOD entities are currently testing several potential system solutions, but, to date, no approach provides a complete answer to the threat.
The committee further notes the importance of increased cyber research and supports increasing cyber and communications research to support counter-UAS capabilities.
The committee notes the importance of increased support for academic cyber institutes to meet long-term national security needs in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee also understands that the Department of Defense requires technologies to deliver a full range of options in cyberspace, akin to its current air and sea dominance programs, to achieve cyber dominance.
The committee notes the importance of quantum science research for the implementation of the National Defense Strategy and in the priorities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
This technical area shows great promise in enhancing defense capabilities in communications, computing, cryptography, and countless other areas.
The committee notes that there is a global competition for preeminence in this emerging field.
The committee supports increased research in high power microwaves as an element of an emerging set of directed energy technologies that support the National Defense Strategy and the priorities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
High powered microwave capabilities could defeat adversary electronics systems and create other battlefield effects.
The committee notes that the Metals Affordability Initiative is a collaborative effort, which includes the entire domestic specialty aerospace metals industrial manufacturing base, to ensure the continued advancement of metals technologies for the defense and commercial sectors and continues to grow a robust and responsive aerospace metals domestic supply base that provides critical turbine engine, airframe, and space components at lower cost and with shortened production lead times.
The committee notes that the development of hypersonics capabilities is a key element of the National Defense Strategy and represents an area of intense technological competition between the United States, People's Republic of China, and Russian Federation.
The committee is encouraged by and supportive of the Air Force's activities in hypersonic weapons.
However, the committee is concerned that there is a lack of focus on air-launched and air-breathing hypersonic capability inside the Department of Defense.
The committee notes ongoing research that supports the design and manufacture of shape-morphing aircraft control surfaces, including wings, winglets, inlets, and stabilizers that have demonstrated reduced drag, increased fuel savings, and decreased maintenance requirements for Air Force platforms.
The committee believes that research in this area will support improving the performance of and reducing operational and life cycle costs for air platforms.
The committee supports the Chief of Staff of the Air Force's request for additional funds for a high speed vertical lift demonstration, such as Agility Prime, to prove the employment of non-runway jet operations in a contested environment, which could be crucial to the Air Force's ability to develop a lethal, agile, and resilient force posture and employment.
The committee supports the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics' intent to accelerate the Air Force Research Laboratory's Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology LCAAT program for collaborative pairing with manned platforms, potentially including the F-35.
The committee views the combined application of commercial technology, autonomy, and artificial intelligence as an innovative solution to meeting the demands of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee understands the importance of developing and demonstrating core engine technologies for small turbines used in current and future aircraft, missile, and remotely piloted aircraft propulsion systems.
The committee believes that improved technologies in this area could reduce cost, improve mission flexibility, and increase aircraft range.
The committee notes that there is duplicative electronic warfare and positioning, navigation, and timing research being performed across the Department of Defense and encourages increased coordination to reduce duplication of effort.
The committee understands that the Department of Defense DOD relies extensively on weapons and communication systems that must operate in environments with high levels of ambient radiation.
The committee notes a lack of commercially available technologies that meet these requirements and also notes the importance of DOD research on strategic radiation hardened microelectronic processors.
The committee notes the importance of increased cyber applied research and supports increasing cyber and command and control research.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee understands the importance of the ability of the Global Positioning System GPS to provide resilient position, navigation, and timing capability to the Joint Force and acknowledges GPS Military-Code receiver development's presence on the Chief of Staff of the Air Force's unfunded priorities list.
The committee notes that advanced repair and qualification processes can repair parts damaged, worn, or corroded in service without introducing undesirable distortion.
The committee further notes that additional funds are needed to establish a means to qualify repair components to increase readiness by bringing systems back into service faster.
The committee supports the increase of combat capability and readiness at a reduced cost and the development of advanced capabilities for close air support, armed reconnaissance, strike coordination and reconnaissance, airborne forward air control, and interdiction.
The committee also supports the Department of Defense's intent to lower the cost of countering violent extremism in accordance with the National Security Strategy.
However, the committee is concerned that the pace of research and prototyping in this area has not kept pace with the threat or the current capability available to the Department.
Additionally, the committee is aware that, on a modern battlefield, it is expected that friendly forces will be in close proximity to the enemy and will require integrated joint fires in order to achieve the effects demanded by the Joint Force Commander.
The committee believes that the Department of Defense has been slow to develop and field capabilities to provide battlefield situational awareness of enemy and friendly actors.
The committee is also aware of current technical solutions that would provide the required identification of friend and foe in environments, like that in which close air support is demanded, in which the friendly forces are in close proximity to the enemy.
The committee is aware of the growing capabilities needed to counter adversaries in the cyberspace domain as highlighted in the National Defense Strategy.
The committee supports continued development of capabilities for the cyber warfighter and understands the importance of improving the capabilities of the Cyber Mission Force.
The committee therefore supports the request of U.
Cyber Command to increase funding for the Cyber National Mission Force Capability Acceleration Plan.
The committee is aware of the growing capabilities needed to counter adversaries in the cyberspace domain as highlighted in click National Defense Strategy.
The committee supports continued development of capabilities for the cyber warfighter and understands the importance of improving the capabilities of the Cyber Mission Force.
The committee therefore supports the request of U.
Cyber Command to increase funding to develop the ETERNALDARKNESS program.
The committee is aware of the growing capabilities needed to counter adversaries in the cyberspace domain as highlighted in the National Defense Strategy.
The committee supports continued development of capabilities for the cyber warfighter and understands the importance of improving the capabilities of the Cyber Mission Force.
The committee therefore supports the request of U.
Cyber Command to increase funding to develop the Joint Common Access Platform to be used by the Cyber Mission Force.
The committee acknowledges the importance of the mission of the Extended Range Weapons program; however, the committee understands that the Air Force is moving away from prototyping to an ongoing analysis of alternatives to better understand alternative technical solutions.
The committee understands the importance of the ability of the Global Positioning System GPS to provide resilient position, navigation, and timing capability to the Joint Force and acknowledges GPS Military-Code receiver development's presence on the Chief of Staff of the Air Force's unfunded priorities list.
The committee understands that the Air Force is still considering procurement of a second Space Fence site, which is an option in the Department of Defense's Space Fence contract.
Given the knowledge gained during the development of the first Space Fence site and the importance of developing an effective space situational awareness capability, the committee recommends that the Air Force evaluate construction of a second Space Fence site.
The committee recognizes the important role that space test infrastructure plays in initially testing and evaluating the capability and resilience of Department of Defense space systems in a contested environment.
The committee also notes the presence of foundational infrastructure elements used to test both terrestrial and space-based assets on the Chief of Staff of the Air Force's unfunded priorities list.
The committee believes that this infrastructure should support testing of a comprehensive survey of systems.
The committee notes that the Department of Defense has indicated that the capability to conduct test and evaluation over broad geographic areas must include net-centric and distributed test capability.
Modernized test facility data systems must integrate modeling and simulation with operations, training, and flight tests to achieve the required level of complexity and realism.
The committee notes that the development of hypersonic capabilities is a key element of the National Defense Strategy and represents an area of intense technological competition between the United States, People's Republic of China, and Russian Federation.
The committee remains concerned that more attention needs to be focused on the expedient development and maturation of key hypersonic flight technologies.
In addition to the need to improve ground-based test facilities such as wind tunnels, the Department of Defense DOD also needs to increase its flight test rate to expedite the maturation and fielding of hypersonic technologies.
The combination of ground- based testing and flight testing is critical to fully maturing the fundamental technologies needed to field a hypersonic flight system.
High-rate hypersonic flight test programs would help mature six critical technology areas: 1 Thermal protection systems and high temperature flight structures; 2 Seekers and sensors for hypersonic vehicles; 3 Advanced navigation, guidance, and control; 4 Communications and data links; 5 High speed aerodynamic characterization; and 6 Advanced avionics and vehicle communication systems for hypersonic vehicles.
To address this concern, the committee believes that the DOD must increase investment in research and test infrastructure.
Further, the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to report to the congressional defense committees, by June 1, 2020, on how the DOD plans to improve its test infrastructure and increase its flight test rate in fiscal year 2020 and beyond and the budget profile necessary to implement this plan.
The committee notes the Defense Science Board's recommendation to build a secure fifth generation 5G wireless network on a Department of Defense DOD installation.
The committee recognizes the revolutionary agree, paris poker live 2020 consider that 5G technology will have on the Department but is concerned that the DOD lacks the ability to test and develop tactics to leverage 5G technology as well as to negate enemy use of this advanced capability.
The committee notes the potential of secure fifth generation 5G wireless networks for moving large amounts of data with very low latency.
The Defense Science Board recommended building secure 5G wireless networks on a base in order to understand the potential of these advanced networks.
The committee recognizes the revolutionary effect that 5G technology will have on the Department of Defense and the potential for use for data transfer for the ABMS.
However, the committee is concerned that the Department lacks the base infrastructure to test, develop, and leverage 5G technology.
The committee is concerned about poor agile implementation and infrequent capability delivery.
The committee supports the program and the modernization of current aircraft to meet the requirements of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee understands that the program requirements have changed and that the current request is above need for this fiscal year.
The committee encourages the Air Force to ensure careful sustainment of the existing ALCS systems before they are replaced.
The committee supports the development of capabilities to advance the ability of aircraft, sensors, and command and control assets to share information.
The committee also understands that the development of this type of capability requires live flight testing.
The committee supports the idea of modernizing the intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance enterprise and the continued use of prototyping to reduce technological risk.
However, the committee is concerned with the fidelity of the current plan.
The committee notes the importance of basic research in meeting long-term national security needs and supports the Defense Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research DEPSCOR efforts to expand the base of universities and states that support defense research and innovation missions.
The committee notes that this program is attempting to engage faculty and students from DEPSCOR state universities through partnerships with defense research programs and defense laboratories.
The committee notes the current shortfall in Columbia-class technical workforce and supports increased submarine industrial base workforce training and education to make up for this shortfall.
The committee notes the importance of fundamental scientific knowledge and the pipeline of highly qualified technical talent related to long-term national security needs.
The committee notes the potential for advanced computer modeling to improve the characterization and understanding of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances PFAS and supports an increase in applied research in computational biology research efforts to meet long-term national security needs in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee notes the importance of increased support for academic cyber institutes in meeting long-term national security needs in support of the National Defense Strategy.
The committee believes that long-term science and technology cyber research is critical to developing capabilities that will enable the warfighter to maintain dominance in cyberspace in the long run.
The committee notes the importance of accelerating Artificial Intelligence AI applications in support of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center's JAIC National Mission Initiatives, including disaster response and predictive maintenance.
The committee supports the use of commercial artificial intelligence AI solutions and urges the DIU to coordinate with the JAIC to identify problem sets facing the Department of Defense and to seek commercial AI solutions.
The committee supports a program reduction in joint capability technology demonstrations due to a lack of coordination of activities across the Department of Defense.
The committee supports a program reduction in emerging capability technology development due to concerns about duplication of efforts across the Department of Defense.
The committee notes that both SERDP and the Environmental Security Technology Certification Program ESTCP develop, demonstrate, and validate the most promising innovative technologies that can meet the Department's most urgent requirements, provide a return on investment, and are executed through free and open competitions.
The committee directs the Department to use the increases in SERDP to address the following urgent concerns: 1 Help ensure the safety and welfare of the servicemembers and their dependents by eliminating or reducing the generation of pollution and use of hazardous materials and reducing the cost of remedial actions and compliance with environmental laws and regulations, specifically as it relates to per- and polyfluoroakyl substances; 2 Develop, demonstrate, validate, and field fluorine-free firefighting foam; 3 Develop, demonstrate, and validate long-term energy storage batteries tied to distributed energy assets; and 4 Develop other technologies deemed appropriate.
The committee further notes that in 2018 the People's Republic of China announced the construction of a 265 meter long wind tunnel, which is to be complete by 2020, to simulate the acceleration environment from Mach 10 to Mach 25.
China already has tunnels capable of simulating conditions between Mach 5 to 9.
In contrast, the committee notes that, although the U.
The committee notes that both the Strategic Environmental Research and Directly. best college slot receivers 2020 have Program SERDP and ESTCP develop, demonstrate, and validate the most promising innovative technologies that can meet the Department's most urgent requirements, provide a return on investment, and are executed through free and open competitions.
The committee directs the Department to use the increases in SERDP to address the following urgent concerns: 1 Help ensure the safety and welfare of the servicemembers and their dependents by eliminating or reducing the generation of pollution and use of hazardous materials and reducing the cost of remedial actions and compliance with environmental laws and regulations, specifically as it relates to per- and polyfluoroakyl substances; 2 Develop, demonstrate, validate, and field fluorine-free firefighting foam; 3 Develop, demonstrate, and validate long-term energy storage batteries tied to distributed energy assets; and 4 Develop other technologies deemed appropriate.
The committee notes that this program, intended for an on- orbit demonstration within 5 years, would constitute a space- based interceptor capability.
The committee also notes that the 2019 Missile Defense Review MDR tasked the MDA with a study of development and fielding of a space-based intercept capability, to be delivered to the Under Secretaries of Defense for Policy and Research and Engineering.
According to the MDR, this study will, along with another study directed by the Deputy Secretary of Defense on boost-phase intercept capability, inform considerations regarding a space-based intercept layer for boost-phase defense.
The committee believes that proceeding with any single technology program is premature before these studies are completed, the associated policy decisions are made concerning the operation of such a capability in space, and the relevant space-based sensor architecture is finalized.
The committee notes that this system may be a promising pathway to provide this web page cost-effective point defense in theater and encourages the SCO to continue to prove out the capability in order to facilitate transition to one or more military departments.
The committee notes that the Strategic Capabilities Office SCO was established to support rapid development, prototyping, and deployment of operational capabilities to meet emerging threats in the U.
Indo-Pacific area of responsibility.
Since then, the SCO has drifted from its original purpose and has seen significant budget growth not commensurate with its transition success and has undertaken projects with questionable technical merit and operational utility.
The committee recommends reductions in the following projects, LiTE Saber, Quiet Riot, and StormSystem.
The committee notes the importance of trusted and assured microelectronics research for many applications, including fifth-generation wireless networking microelectronics.
The committee believes that it is important to develop technologies that could help in supply chain risk management.
The committee further notes that the Rapid Prototyping Fund, previously authorized by the Congress, is also funding prototyping activities.
Finally, the committee notes that there is no central coordinating body in the Department of Defense to oversee its many prototyping efforts and ensure that they are focused on key issues, such as informing requirements development and assessing the technical feasibility of proposed technological approaches.
The committee notes that the SDA was unable to provide further details on these two efforts at the time of the budget release.
The committee further notes that elements of both studies appear to be duplicative of ongoing efforts within the Missile Defense Agency.
The committee is deeply concerned about the growing threat posed by hypersonic glide and cruise missiles, which challenge existing sensor capabilities for both homeland and theater missile defenses.
Integral to any defense against this threat is the ability to track low-flying or maneuverable missiles and glide vehicles, a mission that can only be performed effectively from space.
The committee also notes that the space-based sensor technology would be required before a space- based intercept layer-which was included in the budget request- could be deployed.
The committee notes that, after several years of consistent testimony from senior Department of Defense officials regarding the importance of space-based sensors for a missile defense capability, the Congress has strongly supported MDA's space- based sensor program.
Both the John S.
Finally, the committee notes that this program, now called fallsview casino poker 2020 Hypersonic and Ballistic Tracking Space Sensor, was included in the unfunded requirements lists of the MDA Director and the Commander of U.
The committee notes the importance of cyber range development to meet future national security needs.
The committee believes that cyber test range capabilities will be critical in training our warfighters to effectively counter the threats posed by our adversaries as specified in the National Defense Strategy.
The committee supports a program reduction in systems engineering due to the lack of coordination of efforts across the Department of Defense.
The committee recognizes the importance of the Defense Digital Service in helping the Department of Defense to build, buy, and deploy technology and digital services.
The committee notes that https://n-club.info/2020/high-noon-casino-no-deposit-bonus-code-2020.html university research community has contributed significantly to the development of new defense capabilities, including in advanced manufacturing.
The committee believes that the U.
The committee included a provision in the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 that required the Secretary of Defense to transfer the operations and maintenance for the Sharkseer cybersecurity program from the National Security Agency to the Defense Information Systems Agency.
The committee included a provision in the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 that required the Secretary of Defense to transfer the operations and maintenance for the Sharkseer cybersecurity program from the National Security Agency to the Defense Information Systems Agency.
The committee understands that U.
Special Operations Command SOCOM is working with the Army to identify specific special operations-unique requirements early in the design phase of the FVL CS3 in order to reduce duplication of design, engineering, and post-production costs.
The committee also understands that the Army's decision to accelerate Https://n-club.info/2020/club-player-casino-no-deposit-bonus-codes-august-2020.html CS3 development has resulted in a shortfall in SOCOM's related development efforts, an identified high priority unfunded requirement for the command.
The committee believes that fifth-generation wireless networks and associated technologies will be a foundation for future economic growth, will have an important nexus with national security, and should be of high interest to the Department of Defense.
The committee is aware that, in future wireless networks, the ability to use dynamic spectrum sharing technologies will be critical to more efficient spectrum use.
The committee believes that OCO for Base funding should be transferred into the base accounts.
Items of Special Interest Acquisition roadmaps for certain Navy unmanned systems The committee notes that the Navy's fiscal year 2020 future years defense program FYDP includes a substantial increase in funding for various unmanned systems, including unmanned surface vessels USVs and unmanned underwater vessels UUVs.
The committee further notes that Navy leaders envision some of these systems' operating autonomously with the ability to employ weapons.
While recognizing the need for prototypes to reduce acquisition risk, the committee is concerned that the acquisition strategies for the Large USV, Medium USV, Orca UUV, and Snakehead UUV could lead to procurement of an excessive number of systems before the Navy is able to determine if the USVs and UUVs meet operational needs.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the congressional defense committees, not later than November 1, 2019, that provides acquisition roadmaps for the Large USV, Medium USV, Orca UUV, and Snakehead UUV.
Each roadmap shall: 1 Identify the applicable requirements document e.
Advance power electronics The committee supports the Navy's efforts in developing advanced power electronics, including silicon carbide power modules, which could reduce the size and weight of power conversion modules and other electronic systems needed to power advanced sensors and weapon systems.
The committee recognizes that available space and power density will continue to be a concern when fielding naval systems on legacy Navy ships.
The committee encourages the Navy to continue its efforts to develop silicon carbide power modules to support planned deployment of high-power, mission critical systems on Navy platforms.
Army Futures Command research budget realignments The committee understands that the Army has reorganized certain research offices, laboratories, and engineering centers within the Combat Capability Development Command CCDCa subordinate command of Army Futures Command.
The committee is aware that, as part of this reorganization, certain program elements for basic research, applied research, and advanced technology development were realigned from research, development, and engineering centers to Army Futures Command headquarters.
The committee directs the Secretary of the Army to enter into an agreement with the National Academy of Sciences to evaluate these changes and their impact on the Army's ability to efficiently and effectively develop and deploy needed capabilities and new technologies in the near, mid, and far terms.
The review should also include recommendations for policy and organizational options that would better optimize the Army research enterprise to support Army missions in the near, mid, and far terms.
The committee directs that this study be delivered to the congressional defense committees no later than February 1, 2021.
Artificial intelligence and sensor fusion for force protection The committee acknowledges the success of ongoing rapid fielding of commercially-available technologies that use artificial intelligence and sensor fusion to deliver enhanced force protection for Department of Defense DOD personnel and installations.
The committee notes that recent advances in commercially available technology, including artificial intelligence, computer vision, and sensor technology, have made it possible to develop, manufacture, and deploy reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition technologies that are far more effective, more efficient, and lower cost than legacy systems.
The committee is aware that artificial intelligence can significantly improve situational awareness and security for DOD personnel through faster and better processing and exploitation of sensor data, recognition and classification of potential threats, and dissemination of that information to human operators for the purposes of enhanced self-defense.
The committee believes that artificial-intelligence- and sensor-fusion-based technologies for personnel security and base defense will reduce manpower and improve operators' ability to detect, classify, and respond to threats.
Accordingly, the committee directs the DOD to review the application of artificial intelligence that could improve the safety of DOD personnel and installations and prioritize such efforts as appropriate.
Artificial intelligence for Army air and missile defense The committee supports the Army's efforts to conduct operationally realistic assessments of Army Air and Missile Defense AMD performance, identify system vulnerabilities, and develop mitigations against threats across the cyber and electromagnetic spectrum.
The committee remains concerned about any potential vulnerabilities in AMD weapon systems and understands the importance of conducting periodic assessments of these weapon systems.
The committee is also aware that the Army is developing tools, including modeling and simulation and virtual models of critical hardware and software to allow for testing in a lab environment.
The committee encourages the Army to look at methods for incorporating artificial intelligence and machine learning into assessments of AMD weapon systems to help remote gambling act 2020 act 34 of 2020 and mitigate current and future threats.
Back-packable Communications Intelligence System The committee is aware of expressed support by United States Army Special Operations Command USASOC for continued development of the Back-packable Communications Intelligence System BPCSan ultra-capable, low size, weight, and power, high-frequency direction finding system currently managed by the U.
Battlefield situational awareness The committee is aware that, on a modern battlefield, it is expected that friendly forces will be in close proximity to the enemy and will require integrated joint fires in order to achieve the effects demanded by the Joint Force Commander.
The committee believes that the Department of Defense has been slow to develop and field capabilities to provide battlefield situational awareness of enemy and friendly forces.
The committee is also aware of current technical solutions that could provide the required identification of friend and foe in environments such as battlefield interdiction, close combat attack, or close air support.
Therefore, the committee directs the Source of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in consultation with the service chiefs, to provide a briefing, no later than March click, 2020, on a technical solution and an acquisition strategy that would provide the Joint Force with continuous battlefield situational awareness to identify friendly and enemy personnel in both highly contested and permissive environments.
Briefing on detection of uncharted wires and obstacles to prevent aviation incidents Uncharted wires and obstacles pose a threat to rotary wing and tiltrotor aircraft particularly in degraded visual environments.
This problem can be exacerbated for special operations and combat search and rescue CSAR aircraft that often operate in non-permissive conditions.
The committee understands that multiple systems that may increase visibility for aircrews in order to avoid obstacles in both low altitude flying and landing environments are currently in development.
However, the committee is concerned that the Department of Defense has not taken demonstrable steps toward fielding such technology.
Furthermore, the development and fielding of such a capability should be fully coordinated across the Services to expeditiously field this technology to aircrews.
Therefore, the committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Commandant of the United States Marine Corps, and the Commander, U.
Special Operations Command, to provide a briefing to the committee no later than October 1, 2019, on efforts to identify, develop, and procure capabilities for rotary wing and tiltrotor aircraft to detect and avoid uncharted wires and obstacles.
The briefing shall include an evaluation of current commercially available systems as well as an estimate of the funding required to, if necessary, develop and acquire such a system for rotary wing and tiltrotor aircraft.
Demonstration pilots to demonstrate cost savings and enhanced performance of anti-corrosion nanotechnologies The committee is aware of new advances in nanotechnology being used in the commercial sector, particularly in the aviation and energy industries, that reduce corrosion, improve performance, and reduce costs.
The committee is concerned that, although the fundamental science was developed in part by the Department of Defense, the Department has failed to even try these new materials that could significantly reduce the military's operating costs while improving readiness and performance.
Accordingly, the committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to brief the committee, no later than February 1, 2020, on the economic, performance, and readiness impacts regarding the potential for testing and applying these technologies in various operating assets, like pipelines, heat exchangers, fuel storage tanks, water lines, aircraft, and others deemed appropriate by the Department.
Department of Defense artificial intelligence investment inventory The committee believes that it is important that the Department of Defense DOD has accurate insight as to the nature and extent of investments made in artificial intelligence AI.
The committee therefore directs the Under Secretary of Defense Comptroller to brief the congressional defense committees by September 1, 2019, on the total array of AI investments, to include PEs, line numbers, and click to see more amounts with sufficient detail and description of those investments.
The committee also expects the Under Secretary to include the methodology for tracking AI investments in future budget requests.
Further, the committee recommends that the Department consider summarizing these AI investments in the annual information technology budget exhibit.
Flame resistant military uniforms with multi-spectral sensor protection The committee notes that infrared and multi-spectral sensor detection is an emerging threat to members of the Armed Forces.
Soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines are under an ever increasing threat of long-range detection by these sensors in use by hostile near-peer as well as non-state actors.
Given recent technical developments in sensor technologies and sensor mitigation, the committee feels that it is in the best interest of the Services to explore multi-spectral sensor mitigation technologies and to incorporate them into the current suite of flame resistant FR uniforms presently in use by the Services.
Therefore, the committee directs the Secretary of the Army, in coordination with the Secretaries of the Navy and the Air Force, to conduct a feasibility study on incorporating these mitigation technologies into FR uniforms and to provide a briefing to the congressional defense committees on this study by December 1, 2019.
High powered microwave test range asset The committee supports the transitioning of new and game- changing directed energy technologies to the warfighter.
An enduring testing and evaluation capability for high powered microwaves HPM would help the Services develop the doctrine and concepts of operation that will bring these technologies to operational article source />Currently, an enduring frequency agile and tunable HPM asset is not available at Major Range and Test Facility Bases for evolving doctrine and HPM Directed Energy Concept of Operations.
The committee supports the Air Force's development of such an asset at the Nation's test ranges.
Historically black colleges and universities support for minority women in science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields The committee acknowledges the ongoing efforts of the Department of Defense DOD to increase the participation of women and other underserved populations in science, technology, engineering and mathematics-related STEM areas of research.
The committee urges the DOD to continue funding for center of excellence efforts at historically black colleges and universities HBCUs that support training and education of minority women in STEM fields of interest to the military, particularly through research funding, fellowships, and internships and cooperative work experiences at defense laboratories.
The committee recommends that the Department of Defense consider increasing investments in these kinds of activities in future budgets to support administration initiatives on HBCUs.
Hostile fire detection technology The committee is aware of advancements in the development of hostile fire detection technology and the importance of these capabilities in providing deployed forces with the ability to quickly detect, locate, and discriminate hostile fire and related threats.
The committee believes that efforts to reduce the size, weight, power requirements, and cost for hostile fire detection technologies could provide important benefits to battlefield effectiveness and survivability of our forces.
The committee therefore directs the Commander of U.
Special Operations Command SOCOM to provide to the committee a briefing not later than October 1, 2019, on SOCOM's current requirements for hostile fire detection and an assessment of available technologies that may fulfill these requirements.
Human factors modeling and simulation The committee notes that section 227 of the John S.
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 Public Law 115-232 required the Secretary of Defense to develop and provide for the execution of human factors modeling and simulation activities with the purpose of accelerating research and development that enhances capabilities for human performance, human-systems integration, and training for the warfighter.
The committee directs the Secretary to provide a briefing on the status of this requirement and activities taken to fulfill the requirement no later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
The briefing shall include information on the extent of the activities that are being carried out, the effects of these activities with respect to their purpose, activity participants, locations where activities are being carried out, and the plan to sustain these activities in the future.
Hypersonic development The committee understands that developing hypersonic technology is a high priority modernization effort for the Department of Defense DOD.
The committee recognizes that, in an effort to accelerate the development of hypersonics and to coordinate simultaneous development efforts across the DOD, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering signed a memorandum of agreement with the Services, with each contributing to and collaborating on the land- sea- and air- based prototyping of hypersonic technology.
The committee notes that, for over 30 years, Sandia National Laboratories SNL has made significant contributions to the prototyping and testing of hypersonic vehicles.
SNL houses experienced scientists and engineers in the development of this technology, who utilize SNL's hypersonic wind tunnel and advanced laser diagnostic technology.
Over 7 years ago, Sandia conducted a successful flight test of a hypersonic concept for the U.
Army Space and Missile Defense Command.
This test provided SNL with significant additional data on hypersonic boost-glide technologies and test range performance for long-range atmospheric flight with an emphasis on aerodynamics, navigation, guidance and control, and thermal protection technologies.
SNL is now integrating artificial intelligence into the designing and planning stages, which may significantly expedite the development and design process.
The committee believes that the technical expertise at SNL and the laboratory has been and will continue to be instrumental to the development and eventual production of hypersonics.
Therefore, the committee encourages the Department to utilize the technical and scientific expertise at labs, including SNL, necessary for the development of prototypes and to assist commercial industry in manufacturing.
Importance and use of United States Active Ionospheric Research Facilities The committee recognizes the unique importance of U.
The research possible at these facilities is useful to national security in the realms of domain awareness, radar, atmospheric effects on space systems, and over-the-horizon communications.
The committee recognizes that, while there are four ionospheric research facilities in the world, two are in the United States, including the High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program HAARP in Gakona, Alaska, and the HF heater at the Arecibo Observatory AO in Arecibo, Puerto Rico.
Both of these centers are available to support scientific investigations and national security programs for the Department of Defense, Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation.
The HAARP facility supports strategic applications for over-the-horizon radar, global communication, and diagnostics for satellite communication.
The committee is aware that the AO facility supports investigations of ionospheric effects at mid- and- low latitudes with applications including radio communications and radar detection.
These experimental sites provide insights and diagnostics for ionospheric effects that are extremely challenging to obtain.
The committee encourages continued use of these facilities and believes that these facilities can be used, when appropriate, to support the national security space program.


Best 5 Custom Gaming PC Cases 2020


107 108 109 110 111

Read about the increase of duty on page 34 of the contract document. Finance Act 2020. Agreement on Finance Act for 2020. Only available inĀ ...


COMMENTS:


17.12.2019 in 09:48 Daizuru:

I do not doubt it.



20.12.2019 in 10:33 Fenribar:

What good interlocutors :)



14.12.2019 in 03:38 Kecage:

It is remarkable, a useful phrase



13.12.2019 in 22:08 Mazushicage:

On mine the theme is rather interesting. I suggest you it to discuss here or in PM.



11.12.2019 in 21:30 Kajijin:

I consider, what is it very interesting theme. I suggest all to take part in discussion more actively.



19.12.2019 in 21:24 Zulur:

Bravo, this remarkable phrase is necessary just by the way



16.12.2019 in 13:51 Yozshugor:

Excuse, the message is removed



18.12.2019 in 16:37 Dizuru:

Bravo, what phrase..., a brilliant idea



19.12.2019 in 01:31 Taumuro:

In it something is also idea excellent, agree with you.



20.12.2019 in 14:54 Shatilar:

Infinite discussion :)



11.12.2019 in 07:53 Maushura:

Yes, logically correctly



17.12.2019 in 18:22 Tacage:

Between us speaking, try to look for the answer to your question in google.com



17.12.2019 in 14:10 Malagis:

I think, that you commit an error. Let's discuss it.



12.12.2019 in 11:05 Faehn:

I join. All above told the truth. Let's discuss this question.



15.12.2019 in 16:21 Gujinn:

Completely I share your opinion. In it something is also idea good, I support.



17.12.2019 in 12:59 Zulkiran:

In my opinion you are mistaken. I suggest it to discuss. Write to me in PM, we will talk.



18.12.2019 in 11:37 Faern:

It is well told.



14.12.2019 in 02:37 Negis:

Radically the incorrect information



11.12.2019 in 03:53 Dumuro:

I have thought and have removed this question



19.12.2019 in 15:40 Gajar:

I am sorry, that has interfered... I understand this question. Write here or in PM.



17.12.2019 in 16:04 Vohn:

Bravo, this excellent phrase is necessary just by the way



14.12.2019 in 11:22 Brara:

You are mistaken. Write to me in PM.



11.12.2019 in 05:08 Arashiran:

I here am casual, but was specially registered at a forum to participate in discussion of this question.




Total 23 comments.